Day-ahead Coordinated Operation of a Wind-Storage System Considering Wind Forecast Uncertainty
Published online first on May 8, 2021.
This paper proposes an optimal operation for coordinated Battery Energy Storage (BES) and wind generation in a day-ahead market under wind uncertainty. A comprehensive AC Optimal Power Flow (AC OPF) model was established to incorporate wind and storage into a power system. To take into account wind forecast uncertainty, preprocessing technique, time series model, and fast forward selection method were applied for scenario generation and reduction processes. Tests were performed on a modified IEEE 14-bus system and the results show that the use of BESs is an alternative to guarantee a more efficient and flexible operation of wind power plants.
Keywords:AC OPF, Battery Energy Storage (BES), operation, wind, uncertainty
"World wind capacity at 650,8 GW, Corona crisis will slow down markets in 2020, renewables to be core of economic stimulus programmes," World Wind Energy Association, Apr. 16, 2020. https://wwindea.org/world-wind-capacity-at-650-gw/ (accessed May 04, 2021).
Y. Xu and C. Singh, "Adequacy and Economy Analysis of Distribution Systems Integrated With Electric Energy Storage and Renewable Energy Resources," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 2332–2341, Nov. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2012.2186830
A. Oudalov, D. Chartouni, and C. Ohler, "Optimizing a Battery Energy Storage System for Primary Frequency Control," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 1259–1266, Aug. 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2007.901459
Y. Zhang, S. Zhu, and A. A. Chowdhury, "Reliability Modeling and Control Schemes of Composite Energy Storage and Wind Generation System With Adequate Transmission Upgrades," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 520–526, Oct. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2011.2160663
J. M. Eyer, G. P. Corey, and J. Iannucci, "Energy storage benefits and market analysis handbook : a study for the DOE Energy Storage Systems Program," Sandia National Laboratories, SAND2004-6177, Dec. 2004. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2172/920774
K. Alqunun, "Strength Pareto Evolutionary Algorithm for the Dynamic Economic Emission Dispatch Problem incorporating Wind Farms and Energy Storage Systems," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 5668–5673, Jun. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3508
S. Gope, A. K. Goswami, and P. K. Tiwari, "Transmission Congestion Management using a Wind Integrated Compressed Air Energy Storage System," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1746–1752, Aug. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1316
M. Korpaas, A. T. Holen, and R. Hildrum, "Operation and sizing of energy storage for wind power plants in a market system," International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 599–606, Oct. 2003. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0142-0615(03)00016-4
P. Denholm and R. Sioshansi, "The value of compressed air energy storage with wind in transmission-constrained electric power systems," Energy Policy, vol. 37, no. 8, pp. 3149–3158, Aug. 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2009.04.002
E. Casalini and S. Leva, "Feasibility analysis of storage systems in wind plants — an Italian application," in IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering and 2017 IEEE Industrial and Commercial Power Systems Europe, Milan, Italy, Jun. 2017, pp. 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/EEEIC.2017.7977669
M. Dicorato, G. Forte, M. Pisani, and M. Trovato, "Planning and Operating Combined Wind-Storage System in Electricity Market," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 209–217, Apr. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2011.2179953
X. Wu and Y. Jiang, "Source-Network-Storage Joint Planning Considering Energy Storage Systems and Wind Power Integration," IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 137330–137343, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2942134
W. Ai et al., "Study on Transmission Planning of Combined Wind and Storage System," in 2nd IEEE Conference on Energy Internet and Energy System Integration, Beijing, China, Oct. 2018, pp. 1–4. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/EI2.2018.8582476
C. A. Silva Monroy and R. D. Christie, "Energy storage effects on day-ahead operation of power systems with high wind penetration," in North American Power Symposium, Boston, MA, USA, Aug. 2011, pp. 1–7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/NAPS.2011.6025193
A. Cerejo, S. J. P. S. Mariano, P. M. S. Carvalho, and M. R. A. Calado, "Hydro-wind Optimal Operation for Joint Bidding in Day-ahead Market: Storage Efficiency and Impact of Wind Forecasting Uncertainty," Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 142–149, Jan. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35833/MPCE.2018.000689
N. Li and K. W. Hedman, "Economic Assessment of Energy Storage in Systems With High Levels of Renewable Resources," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 1103–1111, Jul. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2014.2329881
Z. Tang, Y. Liu, L. Wu, J. Liu, and H. Gao, "Reserve Model of Energy Storage in Day-Ahead Joint Energy and Reserve Markets: A Stochastic UC Solution," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 372–382, Jan. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2020.3009114
N. Li, C. Uckun, E. M. Constantinescu, J. R. Birge, K. W. Hedman, and A. Botterud, "Flexible Operation of Batteries in Power System Scheduling With Renewable Energy," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 685–696, Apr. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2015.2497470
H. Akhavan-Hejazi and H. Mohsenian-Rad, "Optimal Operation of Independent Storage Systems in Energy and Reserve Markets With High Wind Penetration," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 1088–1097, Mar. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2013.2273800
H. Mohsenian-Rad, "Optimal Bidding, Scheduling, and Deployment of Battery Systems in California Day-Ahead Energy Market," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 442–453, Jan. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2015.2394355
R. Jiang, J. Wang, and Y. Guan, "Robust Unit Commitment With Wind Power and Pumped Storage Hydro," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 800–810, May 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2011.2169817
A. Daggett, M. Qadrdan, and N. Jenkins, "Feasibility of a battery storage system for a renewable energy park operating with price arbitrage," in IEEE PES Innovative Smart Grid Technologies Conference Europe, Turin, Italy, Sep. 2017, pp. 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISGTEurope.2017.8260249
Z. Shu and P. Jirutitijaroen, "Optimal Operation Strategy of Energy Storage System for Grid-Connected Wind Power Plants," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 190–199, 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2013.2278406
D. Krishnamurthy, C. Uckun, Z. Zhou, P. R. Thimmapuram, and A. Botterud, "Energy Storage Arbitrage Under Day-Ahead and Real-Time Price Uncertainty," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 84–93, Jan. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2017.2685347
S. Vejdan and S. Grijalva, "The Value of Real-Time Energy Arbitrage with Energy Storage Systems," in IEEE Power Energy Society General Meeting, Portland, OR, USA, Aug. 2018, pp. 1–5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PESGM.2018.8585767
X. Fang, B.-M. Hodge, L. Bai, H. Cui, and F. Li, "Mean-Variance Optimization-Based Energy Storage Scheduling Considering Day-Ahead and Real-Time LMP Uncertainties," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 7292–7295, Nov. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2852951
D. D. Le, G. Gross, and A. Berizzi, "Probabilistic Modeling of Multisite Wind Farm Production for Scenario-Based Applications," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 748–758, Jul. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2015.2411252
G. E. P. Box and G. M. Jenkins, Time series analysis, forecasting and control. San Francisco, CA, USA: Holden-Day, 1976.
J. M. Morales, S. Pineda, A. J. Conejo, and M. Carrion, "Scenario Reduction for Futures Market Trading in Electricity Markets," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 878–888, May 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2009.2016072
IEC–International Electrotechnical Commission, Wind Turbines – Part 12-1: Power Performance Measurements of Electricity Producing Wind Turbines, Geneva, Switzerland: IEC-International Electrotechnical Commission, IEC-61400-12, 2005.
Y. H. Wan, E. Ela, and K. Orwig, "Development of an Equivalent Wind Plant Power-Curve: Preprint," National Renewable Energy Lab, NREL/CP-550-48146, Jun. 2010. Accessed: May 04, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.osti.gov/biblio/983731.
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 217
PDF Downloads: 196
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.