LVRT Enhancement of a Grid-tied PMSG-based Wind Farm using Static VAR Compensator
Published online first on April 27, 2021.
This paper presents an efficient Low Voltage Ride Through (LVRT) control scheme for a 10.0MW grid-tied Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG)-based wind farm. The proposed control strategy plans to enhance the power quality and amount of injected power to satisfy the grid code requirements. The proposed approach utilizes a static Shunt Var Compensator (SVC) to enhance the LVRT capability and to improve power quality. It has been observed from the outcomes of the study that the proposed SVC controller ensures safe and reliable operation of the considered PMSG-based power system. The proposed system not only improves power quality but also it provides voltage stability of the Wind Energy Conversion System (WECS) under abnormal/fault conditions. The results show the superiority of the proposed control strategy.
Keywords:LVRT, PMSG, SVC, WECS, power quality, voltage stability
A. M. Howlader and T. Senjyu, "A comprehensive review of low voltage ride through capability strategies for the wind energy conversion systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 56, pp. 643–658, Apr. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.11.073
B. Khan and M. Kassas, "FSIG-Based Wind Power Plant Transient Stability Margin Improvement, a STATCOM/SVC Comparison," in 2019 IEEE Texas Power and Energy Conference (TPEC), College Station, TX, USA, Feb. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEC.2019.8662129
M. Cheah-Mane, J. Liang, and N. Jenkins, "Permanent magnet synchronous generator for wind turbines: Modelling, control and Inertial Frequency Response," in 2014 49th International Universities Power Engineering Conference (UPEC), Cluj-Napoca, Romania, Sep. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/UPEC.2014.6934799
M. Hussain, M. H. Baloch, A. H. Memon, and N. K. Pathan, "Maximum Power Tracking System Based on Power Electronic Topology for Wind Energy Conversion System Applications," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 3392–3397, Oct. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2251
M. Nasiri, J. Milimonfared, and S. H. Fathi, "A review of low-voltage ride-through enhancement methods for permanent magnet synchronous generator based wind turbines," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 47, pp. 399–415, Jul. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.03.079
Z. Memon, M. Uqaili, and M. Unar, "Design of Three-Phase Hybrid Active Power Filter for Compensating the Harmonic Currents of Three-Phase System," Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Jamshoro, Pakistan, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 347–354, Apr. 2012.
H. S. Dhiman and A. S. Deshpande, "Fault Ride-Through study of PMSG based offshore wind farms during grid faults," in 2016 IEEE 1st International Conference on Power Electronics, Intelligent Control and Energy Systems (ICPEICES), Delhi, India, Jul. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICPEICES.2016.7853258
X. Yang, X. Duan, F. Feng, and L. Tian, "Low Voltage Ride-Through of Directly Driven Wind Turbine with Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator," in 2009 Asia-Pacific Power and Energy Engineering Conference, Wuhan, China, Mar. 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/APPEEC.2009.4918470
M. Nasiri, B. Faridpak, and M. Farrokhifar, "Low Voltage Ride Through Enhancement in PMSG-based Wind Turbines using De-loading Droop," in 2020 11th Power Electronics, Drive Systems, and Technologies Conference (PEDSTC), Tehran, Iran, Feb. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PEDSTC49159.2020.9088374
I. A. Ethman, A. Yahfdhou, A. K. Mahmoud, and M. Maaroufi, "Statcom integration in a power grid to enhance voltage stability," Indonesian Journal of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 620–627, Dec. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11591/ijeei.v7i4.990
S. H. Memon, M. Kumar, A. H. Memon, Z. A. Memon, and S. A. Soomro, "Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) Analysis of Grid Integrated Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator (PMSG) With Full Scale Converter (FSC) Based Wind Farm," International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 232–238, Dec. 2018.
S. L. S. Louarem, D. E. C. Belkhiat, T. Bouktir, and S. Belkhiat, "An Efficient Active and Reactive Power Control of DFIG for a Wind Power Generator," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4775–4782, Oct. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3007
T. Ahmed, M. H. Baloch, N. Khan, G. Mehr, B. A. Mirjat, and Y. A. Memon, "Experimental Analysis and Control of a Wind-Generator System through a DC-DC Boost Converter for Extremum Seeking," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 6714–6718, Feb. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3948
S. H. Memon, Z. A. Memon, M. A. Uqaili, and Shan-E-Farooq, "Voltage Stability and Reactive Power Compensation of 132kv Grid Integrated 50MW Wind Farm Using Statcom," Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 232–240, 2018.
L. Sartika, M. Rosyadi, A. Umemura, R. Takahashi, and J. Tamura, "Cooperated stabilizing control of PMSG based grid connected wind farm," in 2015 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), Montreal, Canada, Sep. 2015, pp. 3482–3488. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ECCE.2015.7310152
M. Nasiri, S. Mobayen, and Q. M. Zhu, "Super-Twisting Sliding Mode Control for Gearless PMSG-Based Wind Turbine," Complexity, vol. 2019, Apr. 2019, Art. no. e6141607. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/6141607
A. Mahrouch, M. Ouassaid, and K. Elyaalaoui, "LVRT Control for Wind Farm Based on Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator Connected into the Grid," in 2017 International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC), Tangier, Morocco, Dec. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IRSEC.2017.8477281
M. I. Hossain and M. A. Abido, "Positive-Negative Sequence Current Controller for LVRT Improvement of Wind Farms Integrated MMC-HVDC Network," IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 193314–193339, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2020.3032400
V. F. Mendes, F. F. Matos, S. Y. Liu, A. F. Cupertino, H. A. Pereira, and C. V. De Sousa, "Low Voltage Ride-Through Capability Solutions for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Wind Generators," Energies, vol. 9, no. 1, Jan. 2016, Art. no. 59. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en9010059
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 151
PDF Downloads: 83
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.