Corruption Risk Analysis at the Project Planning Stage in the Iraqi Construction Sector using the Bowtie Methodology


  • S. H. N. Alani Civil Engineering Department, University of Baghdad, Iraq
  • A. M. R. Mahjoob Civil Engineering Department, University of Baghdad, Iraq


In this paper, the bowtie method was utilized by a multidisciplinary team in the Federal Board of Supreme Audit (FBSA) for the purpose of managing corruption risks threatening the Iraqi construction sector. Corruption in Iraq is a widespread phenomenon that threatens to degrade society and halt the wheel of economic development, so it must be reduced through appropriate strategies. A total of eleven corruption risks have been identified by the involved parties in corruption and were analyzed by using probability and impact matrix and their priority has been ranked. Bowtie analysis was conducted on four factors with high score risk in causing corruption in the planning stage. The number and effectiveness of the existing proactive measures to prevent threats from resulting in corruption and were examined for each threat.


corruption risk, bowtie, prevention, risk analysis


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How to Cite

S. H. N. Alani and A. M. R. Mahjoob, “Corruption Risk Analysis at the Project Planning Stage in the Iraqi Construction Sector using the Bowtie Methodology”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 7223–7227, Jun. 2021.


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