Two-Switch High Gain Non-Isolated Cuk Converter
This paper introduces a two-switch high gain non-isolated Cuk converter which can be used as a high gain DC-DC converter in renewable energy, such as photovoltaic and fuel cell, applications because their output is low. As the conventional, the proposed Cuk converter provides negative output voltage but with a higher voltage in magnitude. The main advantage of the proposed converter is having lower voltage stress with the ability to maintain a higher voltage gain. By combining a switched-inductor and a switched-capacitor into the conventional Cuk converter, the proposed Cuk converter has the ability to reach 13 times the input voltage for a duty cycle D of 0.75. Also, by attaching more switched-inductors to the proposed Cuk converter, more voltage gain can be achieved. A complete theoretical analysis of the Continuous Conduction Mode (CCM) of the proposed Cuk converter is presented and the key aspects of the circuit design have been derived. Also, a comparison in terms of voltage gain and voltage stress between the proposed Cuk converter and Cuk converters using other techniques is presented. The proposed Cuk converter has been designed for 100W rated power, -152V output voltage, 50kHz switching frequency, and 75% duty cycle. The presented converter is simulated in Matlab/Simulink and the results are discussed.
Keywords:Cuk converter, DC-DC converters, photovoltaic, switched-inductor, switched-capacitor
M. Hussain, M. H. Baloch, A. H. Memon, and N. K. Pathan, "Maximum Power Tracking System Based on Power Electronic Topology for Wind Energy Conversion System Applications," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 3392-3397, Oct. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2251
Z. R. Labidi, H. Schulte, and A. Mami, "A Systematic Controller Design for a Photovoltaic Generator with Boost Converter Using Integral State Feedback Control," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 4030-4036, Apr. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2687
D. López del Moral, A. Barrado, M. Sanz, A. Lázaro, and P. Zumel, "Analysis and implementation of the Buck-Boost Modified Series Forward converter applied to photovoltaic systems," Solar Energy, vol. 176, pp. 771-787, Dec. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.10.053
M. Kasper, D. Bortis, and J. W. Kolar, "Classification and Comparative Evaluation of PV Panel-Integrated DC-DC Converter Concepts," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 2511-2526, May 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2013.2273399
O. Deveci and C. Kasnakoğlu, "Performance improvement of a photovoltaic system using a controller redesign based on numerical modeling," International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 41, no. 29, pp. 12634-12649, Aug. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.149
K.-C. Tseng, C.-C. Huang, and C.-A. Cheng, "A High Step-Up Converter With Voltage-Multiplier Modules for Sustainable Energy Applications," IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 1100-1108, Dec. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JESTPE.2015.2404943
X. Zhu, B. Zhang, Z. Li, H. Li, and L. Ran, "Extended Switched-Boost DC-DC Converters Adopting Switched-Capacitor/Switched-Inductor Cells for High Step-up Conversion," IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 1020-1030, Sep. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JESTPE.2016.2641928
E. H. Ismail, M. A. Al-Saffar, and A. J. Sabzali, "High Conversion Ratio DC-DC Converters With Reduced Switch Stress," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2139-2151, Aug. 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TCSI.2008.918195
Y. Almalaq, A. Alateeq, and M. Matin, "A Transformerless High Gain Switched-Inductor Switched-Capacitor Cuk Converter in Step-Up Mode," in 2018 IEEE International Conference on Electro/Information Technology (EIT), May 2018, pp. 0138-0141. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/EIT.2018.8500104
W. Li, X. Lv, Y. Deng, J. Liu, and X. He, "A Review of Non-Isolated High Step-Up DC/DC Converters in Renewable Energy Applications," in 2009 Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, Feb. 2009, pp. 364-369. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/APEC.2009.4802683
C.-T. Pan and C.-M. Lai, "A High-Efficiency High Step-Up Converter With Low Switch Voltage Stress for Fuel-Cell System Applications," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 1998-2006, Jun. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2009.2024100
M. Gokdag, M. Akbaba, and O. Gulbudak, "Switched-capacitor converter for PV modules under partial shading and mismatch conditions," Solar Energy, vol. 170, pp. 723-731, Aug. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2018.06.010
K.-C. Tseng, C.-C. Huang, and W.-Y. Shih, "A High Step-Up Converter With a Voltage Multiplier Module for a Photovoltaic System," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 28, no. 6, pp. 3047-3057, Jun. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2012.2217157
Y.-P. Hsieh, J.-F. Chen, T.-J. P. Liang, and L.-S. Yang, "Novel High Step-Up DC-DC Converter With Coupled-Inductor and Switched-Capacitor Techniques for a Sustainable Energy System," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 3481-3490, Dec. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2011.2160876
Y.-P. Hsieh, J.-F. Chen, T.-J. Liang, and L.-S. Yang, "A Novel High Step-Up DC-DC Converter for a Microgrid System," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1127-1136, Apr. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2010.2096826
S.-K. Changchien, T.-J. Liang, J.-F. Chen, and L.-S. Yang, "Novel High Step-Up DC-DC Converter for Fuel Cell Energy Conversion System," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 57, no. 6, pp. 2007-2017, Jun. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2009.2026364
Y. Almalaq and M. Matin, "Three Topologies of a Non-Isolated High Gain Switched-Inductor Switched-Capacitor Step-Up Cuk Converter for Renewable Energy Applications," Electronics, vol. 7, no. 6, p. 94, Jun. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics7060094
S. Cuk and R. D. Middlebrook, "A general unified approach to modelling switching DC-tO-DC converters in discontinuous conduction mode," in 1977 IEEE Power Electronics Specialists Conference, Jun. 1977, pp. 36-57. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PESC.1977.7070802
S. Chincholkar and C.-Y. Chan, "Design and implementation of an output feedback controller for the Cuk converter," in IECON 2015 - 41st Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, Nov. 2015, pp. 86-90. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IECON.2015.7392080
E. H. Ismail, M. A. Al-Saffar, A. J. Sabzali, and A. A. Fardoun, "A Family of Single-Switch PWM Converters With High Step-Up Conversion Ratio," IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, vol. 55, no. 4, pp. 1159-1171, May 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TCSI.2008.916427
B. Axelrod, Y. Berkovich, and A. Ioinovici, "Hybrid switched-capacitor-Cuk/Zeta/Sepic converters in step-up mode," in 2005 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, May 2005, pp. 1310-1313 Vol. 2.
Dongyan Zhou, A. Pietkiewicz, and S. Cuk, "A three-switch high-voltage converter," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 177-183, Jan. 1999. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/63.737606
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 366
PDF Downloads: 267
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.