Α Modified EMD-ACWA Denoising Scheme using a Noise-only Model
This paper describes a modified denoising approach combining Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and Adaptive Center-Weighted Average (ACWA) filter. The Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMFs), resulting from the EMD decomposition of a noisy signal, are filtered by the ACWA filter, according to the noise level estimated in each IMF via a noise-only model. The noise levels of IMFs are estimated by the characteristics of fractional Gaussian noise through EMD. It is found that this model provides a better estimation of noise compared to the absolute median deviation of the signal used in the conventional method. The proposed EMD-ACWA scheme is tested on simulation and real data with different white Gaussian noise levels and the results are compared with those obtained by the conventional EMD-ACWA, EMD Interval Thresholding (EMD-IT) and wavelet methods. Test results show that the proposed approach has a superior performance over the other methods considered for comparison.
Keywords:empirical mode decomposition, adaptive center weighted average, noise-only model, signal denoising
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