Post Construction and Long Term Settlement of an Embankment Dam Computed with Two Constitutive Models

A. H. Bhutto, S. Zardari, G. S. Bhurgri, M. A. Zardari, R. Bhanbhro, B. A. Memon


For the settlement computation of an embankment dam, the soil stiffness is of great importance. Unfortunately, due to the lack of funds allocated for geotechnical investigation, stiffness parameters are commonly not evaluated as compared to strength properties. As a result, this may create hindrance in the use of advanced constitutive models such as Hardening Soil Model (HSM). In this study, the settlement with respect to depth and long term settlement of an embankment dam computed with Mohr-Coulomb Model (MCM) is compared with that of HSM applied to foundation soil only with limited data on stiffness. The results show that the MCM overestimated settlement in comparison with HSM. The settlement increment of MCM, in comparison with HSM, at the crest and at the depth of 120m was 53% and 82% respectively after the filling of the reservoir. The settlement computed with MCM and HSM were 2.9% and 1.35% of the dam height. It can be interpreted that the settlement predicted with MCM is unrealistically high due to the single constant value of modulus of elasticity (MOE), while the predictions of HSM are in agreement with the literature. In addition, the long term settlement computed using MCM is about 59% higher than that of HSM for the condition after the filling of the reservoir. This paper shows that the settlement of an embankment dam could be predicted reliably by using HSM even when a limited number of stiffness data is available.


long term settlement; embankment dam; settlement with respect to depth; stiffness; crest

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