In-depth Sampling Study of Charactersitics of Vehcile Crashes in Saudi Arabia
It is imperative for any traffic safety enhancing effort to collate and analyze detailed data about crashes. This article describes a study that investigated all aspects related to motor vehicle crashes resulting in human injuries or deaths in Riyadh. The database consisted of 295 collisions involving 331 vehicles, 596 fatalities (car passengers and pedestrians) and 2,454 injuries with Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) ≥ 1. Results show that only 15.1% of all vehicle occupants were wearing seatbelts at the time of collision which is reflected in having most injuries occurring to upper parts of the body and the spine. It is also reflected in a high incidence rate of 0.22 fatalities per crash. The average age of victims was 33 years with three quarters of them being males. Results also show that human actions, like reckless driving, over speeding, and sudden lane deviations were the causes of most collisions. It is concluded that in order to improve traffic safety conditions in Riyadh and in the whole country, a change in driving culture of all road users is needed. This can only come with improved awareness of the risks involved among road users, better law enforcement and other engineering and hi-tech countermeasures like smart red lights.
Keywords:motor vehicle crashes, Riyadh, casualties, spinal injuries, driving behavior, injury prevention
Ministry of Culture and Information, The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Welfare State, Cultural Affairs Releases, Ministry of Culture and Information, 2008
GASTAT, “Statistical Yearbook for the years 1391-1439H (1970- 2018), General Authority for Statistics (GASTAT), 2018
A. S. Al-Ghamdi, Road Traffic Accidents in Saudi Arabia: Causes: Effects, and Solutions, Riyadh: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, 1999 (in Arabic)
Ministry of Transport, Transportation Statistics: Annual Publications of Transportation Statistics for the years 1391-1439H (1970- 2018), Ministry of Transport, Saudi Arabia, 1970-2018
WHO, Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015, World Health Organization, 2015
SAE International, Collision Deformation Classification J224_ J224_201702, SAE, 2017
Ministry of Interior, Traffic Statistics: Annual Publications of Road Accident Statistics for the years 1391-1437H (1970- 2016), Ministry of Interior, General Traffic Department, 2016
SRCS, First Aids Statistics: Annual Publications of Saudi Red Crescent Statistics for the years 1391-1439H (1970- 2018), Red Crescent, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia, 2018
N. K. Al-Shammari, “Typical Cases of Crash Reconstruction and Injury Casuation in Saudi Arabia”, National Traffic Safety Conference 2019: (Present and Future), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, March 11-13, 2019
H. A. Mohamed, “Estimation of Socio-Economic Cost of Road Accidents in Saudi Arabia: Willingness-To-Pay Approach (WTP)”, Advances in Management & Applied Economics, Vol. 5, No.3, pp. 43-61, 2015
ADA, “The Economic Cost of Road Traffic Accidents in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Riyadh”, The High Commission for the Development of Arriyadh (ADA). 2010
K. M. Sarma, R. N. Carey, A. A. Kervick, Y. Bimpeh, “Psychological factors associated with indices of risky, reckless and cautious driving in a national sample of drivers in the Republic of Ireland”, Accident Analysis & Prevention, Vol. 50, pp. 1226–1235, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2012.09.020
S. Bendak, “Compliance with seat belt enforcement law in Saudi Arabia”, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 45-48, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17457300600841726
A. M. Hassan, R. Guo, C. E. N. Sturgess, Y. Hu, “Road Traffic Accident Data Collection and Analysis for Road Safety Research”, 4th International Conference on Traffic Safety, Changsa, China, 2005
M. Mackay, A. M. Hassan, “Age and gender effects on injury outcome for restrained occupants in frontal crashes: a comparison of UK and US data bases”, in: Annual Proceedings, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, Vol. 2000 pp. 75-91, AAAM, 2000
ADA, Background of the Riyadh Public Transport Network, The High Commission for the Development of Arriyadh (ADA), 2016
N. Johnson, Assessment of Crash Energy–Based Side Impact Reconstruction Accuracy, MSc Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 2011
NASS, Crashworthiness Data System, National Accident Sampling System, July 2016
AAAM, The Abbreviated Injury Scale, 2015 Revision, Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine, 2015
N. K. Al-Shammari, Motor Vehicle Spinal Injuries: Simulation and Crash Investigation, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2012
M. Touahmia “Identification of risk factors influencing road traffic accidents”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 2417-2421, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1615
A. Detho, S. R. Samo, K. C. Mukwana, K. A. Samo, A. A. Siyal, “Evaluation of Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) on Hyderabad Karachi M-9 Motorway Section”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 2875-2878, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1920
A. Detho, S. R. Samo, K. C. Mukwana, I. A. Memon, U. A. Rajput, “Proposed Remedies to Prevent Road Traffic Accidents (RTAs) on Highways in Pakistan”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 5, pp. 3366-3368, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2128
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 495
PDF Downloads: 218
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.