A Novel Deep Learning Approach for Semantic Interoperability Between Heteregeneous Multi-Agent Systems
This article focuses on the issue of semantic interoperability in heterogeneous distributed multi-agent systems. Existing middleware technologies offer programming models that strongly combine agents’ learning models and communication models, which can lead to performance weaknesses when the number of agents is very important. Moreover, existing methods in the field of semantic interoperability solve the problem of understanding messages exchanged between distributed agents with heterogeneous ontologies, using several techniques to combine these ontologies. The first category of these methods relies on the fusion principle, others use alignment, and finally, there are those founded on Semantic Web technique. All these methods are limited to abstract concepts and do not deal with concrete concepts such as those represented by images. We propose in this paper a new approach that addresses the problem of semantic interoperability between heterogeneous distributed agents based on two principles: At first, the communication aspect of the agent from the learning aspect is separated. Then, we propose extending semantic interoperability to concrete concepts by combining two techniques: Semantic Web technology, which allows terms representing abstract concepts to be interpreted and deep learning technology, which is introduced as a new method to ensure semantic interoperability in the case of concrete concepts such as images. A detailed description of the proposed approach is provided, showing that it is very useful in solving the disadvantages of existing multi-agent platforms.
Keywords:multi-agent system, middleware, semantic interoperability, ontology, web semantic, deep learning
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