Modeling of Chlorine and Coagulant Dose in a Water Treatment Plant by Artificial Neural Networks

A. S. Kote, D. V. Wadkar

Abstract


Coagulation and chlorination are complex processes of a water treatment plant (WTP). Determination of coagulant and chlorine dose is time-consuming. Many times WTP operators in India determine the coagulant and chlorine dose approximately using their experience, which may lead to the use of excess or insufficient dose. Hence, there is a need to develop prediction models to determine optimum chlorine and coagulant doses. In this paper, artificial neural networks (ANN) are used for prediction due to their ability to learn and model non-linear and complex relationships. Separate ANN models for chlorine and coagulant doses are explored with radial basis neural network (RBFNN), feed-forward neural network (FFNN), cascade feed forward neural network (CFNN) and generalized regression neural network (GRNN). For modeling, daily water quality data of the last four years are collected from the plant laboratory of WTP in Maharashtra (India). In order to improve performance, these models are established by varying input variables, hidden nodes, training functions, spread factor, and epochs. The best models are selected based on the comparison of performance measures. It is observed that the best performing chlorine dose model using defined statistics is found to be RBFNN with R=0.999. Similarly, the CFNN coagulant dose model with Bayesian regularization (BR) training function provided excellent estimates with network architecture (2-40-1) and R=0.947. Based on the above models, two graphical user interfaces (GUIs) were developed for real-time prediction of chlorine and coagulant dose, which will be useful for plant operators and decision makers.


Keywords


artifical neural networks; chlorine dose; coagulant dose; water treatment, modeling

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