Study of The Phenomena of Surface Discharges and Flashover in Nanocomposite Epoxy Resin under the Influence of Homogeneous Electric Fields
A new class of insulating materials is the class of polymer nanocomposites. In the past twenty-five years, a lot of attention was paid to the various electrical, thermal and mechanical properties of polymer nanocomposite materials. In the present work, epoxy resin samples without and with nanoparticles (0 wt%, 1 wt%, 3 wt%, 5 wt%, and 10 wt%) are investigated regarding the surface discharges and the flashover voltages. Four different water droplet arrangements were used, with eight different water conductivities in order to see the effect of the nanoparticle.
Keywords:polymer nanocomposites, nanoparticles, surface discharges, flashover voltage
T. J. Lewis, “Nanometric dielectrics”, IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Vol. 1, pp. 812-825, 1994 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/94.326653
J. K. Nelson, Dielectric polymer nanocompsites, Springer, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1591-7
T. Tanaka, “Dielectric nanocomposites with insulating properties”, IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Vol. 12, No. 5, pp. 914-928, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TDEI.2005.1522186
M. G. Danikas, “On two nanocomposite models: Differences, similarities and interpretational possibilities regarding Tsagaropoulos’ model and Tanaka’ s model”, Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 61, No. 4, pp. 241-246, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10187-010-0034-3
G. Melissinos, M. G. Danikas, “On polymer nanocomposites: Electrical treeing, breakdown models and related simulations”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 2627-2632, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1726
T. Tanaka, T. Imai, “Advances in nanodielectric materials over the past 50 years”, IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, Vol. 29, No. 1, pp. 10-23, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MEI.2013.6410535
S. C. Kechagia, M. G. Danikas, R. Sarathi, “Water droplets and breakdown phenomena on polymer nanocomposite surfaces under the influence of uniform electric fields”, Malaysian Polymer Journal, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 41-48, 2013
R. Gorur, “High voltage outdoor insulation technology”, Control and Dynamic Systems, Vol. 44, pp. 131-191, 1991 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-012744-3.50008-4
M. G. Danikas, “Surface phenomena on resin-type insulators under different electrical and non-electrical stresses in the early stage of ageing”, Facta Universitatis, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 335-352, 2000
R. S. Sahu, Understanding the electrical, thermal and mechanical properties of epoxy nanocomposites, Ph.D. Thesis, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Department of Electrical Engineering, Chennai, India, 2007
R. Sarathi, M. G. Danikas, “Understanding discharge activity due to water droplet in epoxy nanocomposites using acoustic emission technique”, Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 59, No. 6, pp. 294-301, 2008
A. Bairaktari, M. G. Danikas, X. Zhao, Y. Cheng, Y. Zhang, “Behavior of water droplets under the influence of a uniform electric field in nanocomposite samples of epoxy resin/TiO2”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 511-515, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.373
J. H. Mason, “Discharges”, IEEE Transactions on Electrical Insulation, Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 211-238, 1978 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEI.1978.298074
M. S. Naidu, V. Kamaraju, High Voltage Engineering, McGraw-Hill Publishing, 2000
A. A. Hossam-Eldin, S. S. Dessouky, S. M. El-Mekkawy, R. A. Abd El-Aal, “Internal discharge in cavities in solid dielectric materials”, Journal of Electrical Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 1-5, 2009
M. Kozako, R. Kido, T. Imai, T. Ozaki, T. Shmizu, T. Tanaka, “Surface roughness change of epoxy/TiO2 nanocomposites due to partial discharges”, 2005 International Symposium on Electrical Insulating Materials, Kitakyushu, Japan, June 5-9, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISEIM.2005.193456
S. K. Kechagia, Flashover phenomena on the surface of nanocomposite materials under the influence of uniform electric fields, MSc Thesis, Democritus University of Thrace, 2010 (in Greek)
J. K. Nelson, Y. Hu, “Nanocomposite dielectrics – Properties and implications”, Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 38, pp. 213-222, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/0022-3727/38/2/005
C. Kalaivananand, S. Chandrasekar, “Understanding inception and propagation of electrical tree discharge characteristics in XLPE nanocomposites”, The Journal of CPRI, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 111-116, 2017
M. G. Danikas, T. Tanaka, “Nanocomposites – A review of electrical treeing and breakdown”, IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 19-25, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MEI.2009.5191413
E. David, M. Frechette, “Polymer nanocomposites – major conclusions and achievements reached so far”, IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 29-36, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MEI.2013.6648751
B. X. Du, J. Li, Q. Du, M. L. Fu, “Surface charge and flashover voltage of EVA/CB nanocomposite under mechanical stresses”, IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Vol. 23, No. 6, pp. 3734-3741, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TDEI.2016.005846
S. Yu, S. Li, S. Wang, Y. Huang, M. Tariq Nazir, B. T. Phung, “Surface flashover properties of epoxy based nanocomposites containing functionalized nano-TiO2”, IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp. 1567-1576, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TDEI.2018.007165
W. Yan, Nanocomposite dielectric materials for power system equipment, PhD. Thesis, University of New South Wales, 2013
P. A. Sharad, K. S. Kumer, “Application of surface-modified XLPE nanocomposites for electrical insulation – Partial discharge and morphological study”, Nanocomposites, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 30-41, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/20550324.2017.1325987
M. Liang, Long-term performance of nanocomposite in power transmission and distribution systems, PhD Thesis, RMIT University, 2018
S. Maslougkas, M. G. Danikas, “Study of water droplets behavior on electrical machine insulation under the influence of uniform electric fields: The influence of some parameters on mica sheets”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 2351-2355, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1691
L. Zevgolas, Y. Cheng, M. G. Danikas, R. Sarathi, “Study of the behavior of water droplets under the influence of a uniform electric field in epoxy resin samples having different wt% percentages of nanoparticles and microparticles”, Journal of CPRI, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 1-6, 2017
R. Sarathi, V. Sri Harsha, N. J. Vasa, “Water droplet initiated discharges on epoxy nanocomposites under DC cvoltages”, IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electriocal Insulation, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 1743-1752, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TDEI.2016.005387
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 613
PDF Downloads: 364
Copyright (c) 2019 Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.