Predicting Injury Severity of Angle Crashes Involving Two Vehicles at Unsignalized Intersections Using Artificial Neural Networks
In 2015, about 20% of the 52,231 fatal crashes that occurred in the United States occurred at unsignalized intersections. The economic cost of these fatalities have been estimated to be in the millions of dollars. In order to mitigate the occurrence of theses crashes, it is necessary to investigate their predictability based on the pertinent factors and circumstances that might have contributed to their occurrence. This study focuses on the development of models to predict injury severity of angle crashes at unsignalized intersections using artificial neural networks (ANNs). The models were developed based on 3,307 crashes that occurred from 2008 to 2015. Twenty-five different ANN models were developed. The most accurate model predicted the severity of an injury sustained in a crash with an accuracy of 85.62%. This model has 3 hidden layers with 5, 10, and 5 neurons, respectively. The activation functions in the hidden and output layers are the rectilinear unit function and sigmoid function, respectively.
Keywords:crashes, unsignalized intersection, artificial neural network, injury severity
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