Process Capability and Average Roughness in Abrasive Water Jet Cutting Process of Stainless Steel
Process capability analysis is frequently employed to evaluate if a product or a process can meet the customer’s requirement. In general, process capability analysis can be represented by using the process capability index. Until now, the process capability index was frequently used for manufacturing processes with quantitative characteristics. However, for a process with qualitative characteristic like cutting surface, the data’s type and single specification caused limitations of using the process capability index. Taguchi developed a surface quality by abrasive water jet cutting or quadratic quality loss function to address such issues. In this study, we intend to construct a measurable index which incorporates the process capability index philosophy concept to analyze the process capability with the consideration of the qualitative surface roughness. The manufacturers can employ the proposed index to self-assess the process capability. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of abrasive water jet machining variables like cutting speed of the stainless steel material. The roughness of the varied surface through the cut depth was also measured and determined as a process capability index of 3 zones machined surface.
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