Application of Failure Mode Effect and Criticality Analysis (FMECA) to a Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Conveyor Belt

  • I. Elbadawi Industrial Engineering Department, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • M. A. Ashmawy Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia | Suez University, Suez, Egypt
  • W. A. Yusmawiza Industrial Engineering Department, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • I. A. Chaudhry Industrial Engineering Department, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • N. B. Ali Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering of Hail, Hail City, Saudi Arabia
  • A. Ahmad Industrial Engineering Department, University of Hail, Hail, Saudi Arabia


Fault finding and failure predicting techniques in manufacturing and production systems often involve forecasting failures, their effects, and occurrences. The majority of these techniques predict failures that may appear during the regular system production time. However, they do not estimate the failure modes and they require extensive source code instrumentation. In this study, we suggest an approach for predicting failure occurrences and modes during system production time intervals at the University of Hail (UoH). The aim of this project is to implement failure mode effect and criticality analysis (FMECA) on computer integrated manufacturing (CIM) conveyors to determine the effect of various failures on the CIM conveyor belt by ranking and prioritizing each failure according to its risk priority number (RPN). We incorporated the results of FMECA in the development of formal specifications of fail-safe CIM conveyor belt systems. The results show that the highest RPN values are for motor over current failure (450), conveyor chase of vibration (400), belt run off at the head pulley (200), accumulated dirt (180), and Bowed belt (150). The study concludes that performing FMECA is highly effective in improving CIM conveyor belt reliability and safety in the mechanical engineering workshop at UoH.

Keywords: reliability, failure mode effect criticality analysis, maintenance


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