Modeling a Distributed Power Flow Controller with a PEM Fuel Cell for Power Quality Improvement


  • J. Chakravorty Electrical Engineering Department, Indus University, Ahmedabad, India
  • J. Saraswat Electrical Engineering Department, Baddi University, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • V. Bhatia HoD Electronics and Communication Engineering, Baddi University, Himachal Pradesh, India
Volume: 8 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 2585-2589 | February 2018 |


Electrical power demand is increasing at a relatively fast rate over the last years. Because of this increasing demand the power system is becoming very complex. Both electric utilities and end users of electric power are becoming increasingly concerned about power quality. This paper presents a new concept of distributed power flow controller (DPFC), which has been implemented with a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell. In this paper, a PEM fuel cell has been simulated in Simulink/MATLAB and then has been used in the proposed DPFC model. The new proposed DPFC model has been tested on a IEEE 30 bus system.


DPFC, PEM, power quality


Download data is not yet available.


S. Masoud Barakati, Α. Khoshkbar Sadigh, Ε. Mokhtarpour, “Voltage Sag and Swell Compensation with DVR Based on Asymmetrical Cascade Multicell Converter”, North American Power Symposium (NAPS), pp.1–7, 2011 DOI:

M. A. Hannan, Α. Mohamed, “PSCAD/EMTDC Simulation of Unified Series-Shunt Compensator for Power Quality Improvement”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 1650-1656, 2005 DOI:

A. L. Olimpo, E. Acha, “Modeling and analysis of custom power systems by PSCAD/EMTDC”, IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 266–272, 2002 DOI:

P. Pohjanheimo, E. Lakervi, “Steady state modeling of custom power components in power distribution networks”, IEEE Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, Vol. 4, pp. 2949–2954, 2000

C. Spiegel, Pem Fuel Cell Modeling And Simulation Using Matlab, Elsevier, 2011

G. Bucci, E. Fiorucci, F. Ciancetta, F. Veglio, “Experimental Characterization and Modeling of PEM Fuel Cells under Dynamic Load Variations”, Vol. 5, No. 2, pp. 75–84, 2010

M. A. R. Sadig Al-Baghdadi, “Modelling of Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell Performance Based on Semi-Empirical Equations”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 30, No. 10, pp. 1587-1599, 2005 DOI:

M. Uzunoglu, M. S. Alam, “Dynamic Modelling, Design and Simulation of a Combined PEM Fuel Cell and Ultra capacitor System for Stand- Alone Residential Application”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 767-775, 2006 DOI:

J. Padulles, G. W. Ault, J. R. McDonald, “An Approach to the Dynamic Modeling of Fuel CellCharacteristics for Distributed Generation Operation”, IEEE-PES Winter Meeting, Vol. 1, pp.134-138, 2000

C. Wang, M. H. Nehrir, S. R. Shaw, “Dynamic model and model validation for PEM fuel cells using electrical circuits”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp. 442–451, 2005 DOI:

J. Rabi, R. Arumugam, “Harmonics study and comparison of Z-source inverter”, The American Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 2, No. 10, pp. 1418–1426, 2010 DOI:

A. Ajam, B. Soulat, A. Safari, “A Novel Modelling and Controlling of Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC) Base on PSO Algorithm”, ECTI Transactions on Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Communications, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 1-8, 2014

A. Jamshidi, S. Masoud Barakati, M. Moradi Ghahderijani, “Impact of Distributed Power Flow Controller to ImprovePower Quality Based on Synchronous Reference Frame Method”, IACSIT International Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 581-585, 2012 DOI:


How to Cite

J. Chakravorty, J. Saraswat, and V. Bhatia, “Modeling a Distributed Power Flow Controller with a PEM Fuel Cell for Power Quality Improvement”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 2585–2589, Feb. 2018.


Abstract Views: 843
PDF Downloads: 448

Metrics Information

Most read articles by the same author(s)