A Stable TORA Based for Routing in Mobile Ad Ηoc Networks

Authors

  • S. Jahanbakhsh Gudakahriz Department of Computer Engineering, Germi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Germi, Iran
  • S. Jamali Computer Engineering Department, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
  • M. Vajed Khiavi Department of Computer Engineering, Germi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Germi, Iran
  • A. Soleimany Department of Computer Engineering, Meshkin Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Meshkin Shahr, Iran
Volume: 8 | Issue: 1 | Pages: 2532-2536 | February 2018 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1720

Abstract

A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is defined as a set of mobile nodes which communicate through wireless links with no central infrastructure. In these networks nodes are always moving and could enter to or exit from the network at any time. Therefore, network topology is completely dynamic. Another characteristic of these networks is the low node energy level, resulting from inherent node limitations. Stable routing is one method to face routing challenges in mobile ad hoc networks. The objective of this study is to stabilize TORA protocol which is a distributed routing protocol, with high adaptation, efficiency, and suitability for large and dense mobile ad hoc networks and thus to provide a new high efficiency protocol. The proposed protocol introduced as Stable-TORA has been compared with base protocol TORA in different scenarios via NS-2 simulator environment and its efficiency is evaluated.

Keywords:

mobile ad hoc networks, routing, stable routing, TORA protocol

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

S. Sesay, Z. Yang. J. He, “A Survey on Mobile Ad Hoc Wireless Network”, Information Technology Journal, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 168-175, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/itj.2004.168.175

W. Kiess, M. Mauve, “A survey on real-world implementations of mobile ad-hoc networks”, Ad Hoc Networks, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 324-339, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2005.12.003

C. E. Perkins, P. Bhagwat, “Highly Dynamic Destination-Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV) for Mobile Computers”, SIGCOMM 1994 Conference on Communications Architectures, Protocols and Applications, pp. 234-244, 1994 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1145/190809.190336

K. Akkaya, M. Younis, “A Survey on Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks”, Ad Hoc Networks, Vol 40, No. 3, pp. 325-349, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adhoc.2003.09.010

N. Milanovic, M. Malek, A. Davidson, V. Milutinovic, “Routing and Security in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks”, Computer, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 61-65, 2004 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MC.2004.1266297

M. Tarique, K. E. Tepe, S. Adibi, S. Erfani, “Survey of multipath routing protocols for mobile ad hoc networks”, Journal of Network and Computer Applications, Vol 32, No. 6, pp. 143-152, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnca.2009.07.002

N.-C. Wang, C.-Y. Lee, “A multi-path QoS multicast routing protocol with slot assignment for mobile ad hoc networks”, Information Sciences, Vol. 208, pp. 1-13, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ins.2012.04.040

S. Toy, S. Bandyopadhyay, T. Ueda, S. Tanaka, D. Saha, “An adaptive framework for multipath routing via maximally zone-disjoint shortest paths in ad hoc wireless networks with directional antenna”, Global Telecommunications Conference, pp. 57-70, 2003

C. Chen, M. Wu, S. Liu, S. Li, “A bidirectional symmetric routing protocol for MANETs with unidirectional links”, IEEE International Conference of IEEE Region 10, pp. 1-4, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TENCON.2013.6718863

A. Kush, N.Garg, “Novel scheme for stable routing using battery status”, 3rd Intenational Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development, pp. 3309-3312, 2016

F. Rump, S. A. Jopen, M. Frank, “Using Probabilistic Multipath Routing to Improve Route Stability in MANETs”, IEEE 41st Conference on Local Computer Networks, pp. 192-195, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/LCN.2016.40

S. Sarkar, R. Datta, “An Adaptive Protocol for Stable and Energy-Aware Routing in MANETs”, IETE Technical Review, Vol. 34, No.4, pp. 353-365, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02564602.2016.1192962

V. D. Park, M. S. Corson, “A Highly Adaptive Distributed Routing Algorithm for Mobile Wireless Networks”, INFOCOM '97. Sixteenth Annual Joint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies. Driving the Information Revolution, Vol. 3, pp. 1405-1413, 1997

E. Perkins, Ad Hoc Networking, Addison-Weley, 2001

B. S. Gouda, P. P. Panigrahi, R. K. Shial, “Efficient Optimal Route Stability Routing Protocol in MANET Using Gauss-Markov Mobility Model”, IEEE 3rd International Conference on Advances in Computing and Communications, pp. 445-448, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICACC.2013.95

A. Zadin, T. Fevens, “Neighborhood-based interference minimization for stable position-based routing in mobile ad hoc networks”, Future Generation Computer Systems, Vol. 64, pp. 88–97, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.future.2016.03.022

NS-2, The Network Simulator, http://nsnam.sourceforge.net/wiki/

index.php

J. G. Sajjad, J. Shahram, V. K. Mina, “Energy Efficient Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks by Using Honey Bee Mating Optimization”, Journal of Advances in Computer Research, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 77-87, 2012

M. K. Marina, S. R. Das, “On-demand Multipath Distance Vector Routing in Ad Hoc Networks”, Ninth International Conference on Network Protocols, pp. 14-23, 2011

S. Jamali, S. Jahanbakhsh, “BA-TORA: a Multipath Routing Protocol for MANETs by Inspiration from Bee and Ant Colonies”, Przeglad Elektrotechniczny (Electrical Review), Vol. 2011, No. 7, pp. 183-187, 2011

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
S. Jahanbakhsh Gudakahriz, S. Jamali, M. Vajed Khiavi, and A. Soleimany, “A Stable TORA Based for Routing in Mobile Ad Ηoc Networks”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 2532–2536, Feb. 2018.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 596
PDF Downloads: 251

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)