A Stable TORA Based for Routing in Mobile Ad Ηoc Networks

  • S. Jahanbakhsh Gudakahriz Department of Computer Engineering, Germi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Germi, Iran
  • S. Jamali Computer Engineering Department, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
  • M. Vajed Khiavi Department of Computer Engineering, Germi Branch, Islamic Azad University, Germi, Iran
  • A. Soleimany Department of Computer Engineering, Meshkin Shahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Meshkin Shahr, Iran
Keywords: mobile ad hoc networks, routing, stable routing, TORA protocol


A mobile ad hoc network (MANET) is defined as a set of mobile nodes which communicate through wireless links with no central infrastructure. In these networks nodes are always moving and could enter to or exit from the network at any time. Therefore, network topology is completely dynamic. Another characteristic of these networks is the low node energy level, resulting from inherent node limitations. Stable routing is one method to face routing challenges in mobile ad hoc networks. The objective of this study is to stabilize TORA protocol which is a distributed routing protocol, with high adaptation, efficiency, and suitability for large and dense mobile ad hoc networks and thus to provide a new high efficiency protocol. The proposed protocol introduced as Stable-TORA has been compared with base protocol TORA in different scenarios via NS-2 simulator environment and its efficiency is evaluated.


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