Correlation Between Grain Size Distribution and Silicon and Oxygen Contents at Wadi Arar Sediments, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia


  • M. A. M. Alghamdi Engineering Geology, Earth Science Faculty, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 7 | Issue: 4 | Pages: 1838-1842 | August 2017 |


Quartz is the major mineral of Wadi Arar sediments. The top two elements contents are oxygen with 63.96 wt%, followed by silicon with 16.35 wt%. There is a positive, weak to medium correlation between grain size and silicon and oxygen contents. The correlation between oxygen and grain size is four times higher than that of silicon. At grain size ranges between 0.8 and 1.0 mm, both oxygen and silicon show the maximum correlation, which decrease gradually with finer and coarser grain sizes. For each element, the correlation between the element content and grain size is a fourth degree polynomial in the grain size. Theoretically, the best two math models that represent the relation between the grain size distribution and each of individual oxygen and silicon content are y=8.84∙ln(x)+39.5 and y=2.26∙ln(x)+10.1 respectively, where y represents the element content percentage and x represents the corresponding grain size in mm.


quartz, silicon, oxygen, grain size


Download data is not yet available.


M. Alghamdi, A. Hegazy, “Physical Properties of Soil Sediment in Wadi Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”, International Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 1-8, 2013

W. Salomons, U. Forstner, Metals in hydrocycle, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1984 DOI:

D. Martincic, Z. Kwokal, M. Branica, “Distribution of zinc, lead, cadmium and copper between different size fractions of sediments I, The Limski Kanal (North Adriatic Sea)”, Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 95, pp. 201–215, 1990 DOI:

A. Tessier, P. Campbell, M. Bisson, “Particulate trace metal speciation in stream sediments and relationships with grain size: implications for geochemical exploration”, J. Geochem. Explor., Vol. 16, pp. 77–104, 1982 DOI:

A. Singh, S. Hasnain, D. Banerjee, “Grain size geochemical partitioning of heavy metals in sediments of the Damodar River-a tributary of the lower Ganga, India”, Environ. Geo., Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 90–98, 1999 DOI:

N. Ahmad, M. Jaafar S. Khan, “Correlation OF Radon Exhalation Rate With Grain Size Of Soil Collected From Kedah, Malaysia”, Sci. Int, Lahore, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 691-696, 2014

M. Hays, S. Cho, R. Baldauf, J. Schauer, M. Shafer, “Particle size distributions of metal and non-metal elements in an urban near-highway environment”, Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 45, pp. 925-934, 2011 DOI:

J. Abuodha, “Grain size distribution and composition of modern dune and beach sediments, Malindi Bay coast, Kenya”, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol. 36, pp. 41–54, 2003 DOI:

Q. Yao, X. Wang, H. Jian, H. Chen, Z. Yu, “Characterization of the Particle Size Fraction associated with Heavy Metals in Suspended Sediments of the Yellow River”, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, Vol. 12, pp. 6725-6744, 2015 DOI:

C. Zhang, L. Wang, G. Li, S. Dong, J. Yang, X. Wang, “Grain size effect on multi-element concentrations in sediments from the intertidal flats of Bohai Bay, China”, Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 17, pp. 59–68, 2002 DOI:

C. Evans, E. Wightman, X. Yuan, “Quantifying mineral grain size distributions for process modelling using X-ray micro-tomography”, Minerals Engineering, Vol. 82, pp. 78-83, 2015 DOI:

S. Maslennikova, N. Larina, S. Larin, “The Effect of Sediment Grain Size on heavy metal Content”, Lakes, Reservoirs and Ponds, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 43-54, 2012

H. Eynatten, R. Tolosana-Delgado, “Geochemistry versus grain-size relations of sediments in the light of comminution, chemical alteration, and contrasting source rocks”, Proceeding of the 4th international workshop on compositional data analysis, CODAWORK’11, Sant Feliu de Guixols Girona Spain, 2011

D. Kile, D. Eberl, “Quantitative Mineralogy and Particle size distribution of Bed sediments” in Water Quality of the Boulder Creek Watershed, Colorado, USGS, U. S. Department of the Interio 2000

A. Al-Khattabi, S. Dini, C. Wallace, A. Banakhar, M. Al-Kaff, A. Al-Zahrani, “Geological map of the Arar Quadrangle”, Sheet 30, Saudi Geological Survey, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2010

J. Goldstein, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis. Springer, 2003 DOI:


How to Cite

M. A. M. Alghamdi, “Correlation Between Grain Size Distribution and Silicon and Oxygen Contents at Wadi Arar Sediments, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1838–1842, Aug. 2017.


Abstract Views: 461
PDF Downloads: 203

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)