Correlation Between Grain Size Distribution and Silicon and Oxygen Contents at Wadi Arar Sediments, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Quartz is the major mineral of Wadi Arar sediments. The top two elements contents are oxygen with 63.96 wt%, followed by silicon with 16.35 wt%. There is a positive, weak to medium correlation between grain size and silicon and oxygen contents. The correlation between oxygen and grain size is four times higher than that of silicon. At grain size ranges between 0.8 and 1.0 mm, both oxygen and silicon show the maximum correlation, which decrease gradually with finer and coarser grain sizes. For each element, the correlation between the element content and grain size is a fourth degree polynomial in the grain size. Theoretically, the best two math models that represent the relation between the grain size distribution and each of individual oxygen and silicon content are y=8.84∙ln(x)+39.5 and y=2.26∙ln(x)+10.1 respectively, where y represents the element content percentage and x represents the corresponding grain size in mm.
M. Alghamdi, A. Hegazy, “Physical Properties of Soil Sediment in Wadi Arar, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”, International Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 1-8, 2013
W. Salomons, U. Forstner, Metals in hydrocycle, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1984
D. Martincic, Z. Kwokal, M. Branica, “Distribution of zinc, lead, cadmium and copper between different size fractions of sediments I, The Limski Kanal (North Adriatic Sea)”, Science of The Total Environment, Vol. 95, pp. 201–215, 1990
A. Tessier, P. Campbell, M. Bisson, “Particulate trace metal speciation in stream sediments and relationships with grain size: implications for geochemical exploration”, J. Geochem. Explor., Vol. 16, pp. 77–104, 1982
A. Singh, S. Hasnain, D. Banerjee, “Grain size geochemical partitioning of heavy metals in sediments of the Damodar River-a tributary of the lower Ganga, India”, Environ. Geo., Vol. 39, No. 1, pp. 90–98, 1999
N. Ahmad, M. Jaafar S. Khan, “Correlation OF Radon Exhalation Rate With Grain Size Of Soil Collected From Kedah, Malaysia”, Sci. Int, Lahore, Vol. 26, No. 2, pp. 691-696, 2014
M. Hays, S. Cho, R. Baldauf, J. Schauer, M. Shafer, “Particle size distributions of metal and non-metal elements in an urban near-highway environment”, Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 45, pp. 925-934, 2011
J. Abuodha, “Grain size distribution and composition of modern dune and beach sediments, Malindi Bay coast, Kenya”, Journal of African Earth Sciences, Vol. 36, pp. 41–54, 2003
Q. Yao, X. Wang, H. Jian, H. Chen, Z. Yu, “Characterization of the Particle Size Fraction associated with Heavy Metals in Suspended Sediments of the Yellow River”, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, Vol. 12, pp. 6725-6744, 2015
C. Zhang, L. Wang, G. Li, S. Dong, J. Yang, X. Wang, “Grain size effect on multi-element concentrations in sediments from the intertidal flats of Bohai Bay, China”, Applied Geochemistry, Vol. 17, pp. 59–68, 2002
C. Evans, E. Wightman, X. Yuan, “Quantifying mineral grain size distributions for process modelling using X-ray micro-tomography”, Minerals Engineering, Vol. 82, pp. 78-83, 2015
S. Maslennikova, N. Larina, S. Larin, “The Effect of Sediment Grain Size on heavy metal Content”, Lakes, Reservoirs and Ponds, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 43-54, 2012
H. Eynatten, R. Tolosana-Delgado, “Geochemistry versus grain-size relations of sediments in the light of comminution, chemical alteration, and contrasting source rocks”, Proceeding of the 4th international workshop on compositional data analysis, CODAWORK’11, Sant Feliu de Guixols Girona Spain, 2011
D. Kile, D. Eberl, “Quantitative Mineralogy and Particle size distribution of Bed sediments” in Water Quality of the Boulder Creek Watershed, Colorado, USGS, U. S. Department of the Interio 2000
A. Al-Khattabi, S. Dini, C. Wallace, A. Banakhar, M. Al-Kaff, A. Al-Zahrani, “Geological map of the Arar Quadrangle”, Sheet 30, Saudi Geological Survey, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 2010
J. Goldstein, Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis. Springer, 2003
MetricsAbstract Views: 274
PDF Downloads: 73
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- M. A. M. Alghamdi, Relationship between Grain Size Distribution and Radon Content in Surficial Sediments of Wadi Arar, Saudi Arabia , Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research: Vol. 8 No. 1 (2018): February, 2018
- M. A. M. Alghamdi, Suitability of Quaternary Sediments of Wadi Arar, Saudi Arabia, as Construction Materials: An Environmental Radioactivity Approach , Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research: Vol. 9 No. 5 (2019): October, 2019