Geotechnical Characterization of Soils in the Eastern and Western Areas of Tehran

A. Razmyar, A. Eslami


Tehran is placed in a high seismic risk zone with specific natural hazards. The resources to deal effectively with a possible crisis are limited, so proper preparation is a necessity. Therefore, the identification of geotechnical design building features based on local and environmental conditions plays a fundamental role in improving the construction quality. Thus, given the increase of population in Tehran, the concentration in certain areas and the need to better identify soil characteristic for safer construction in these areas, a zoning study is performed in this study. The results showed that soils in regions 4 and 22 belong to B Tehran formation and are coarse. Because the soil is coarse-grained in these areas, earthquake liquefaction is not expected. Given the shear wave velocity in the 4 and 22 areas, the soil mass is characterized as dense or too dense.


field testing; geotechnical testing; coarse grain; shear wave velocity; young's modulus

Full Text:



A. Deg, Intuitive concepts of ArcGIS and GIS, Publish Cultural Institute, University of North sustainable North, 1982

H. Alilahi, H. Mojtabazade, “A review of studies on seismic geotechnical Zoning and micro-zoning urban areas”, Journal of Novel Applied Sciences, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 190-196, 2015

M. Karbasi Ravari, “Geotechnical city zoning relying on GIS”, Civil ninth International Congress, Isfahan, Iran, 2002

B. Sharma, S. K. Rahman, “Use of GIS Based Maps for Preliminary Assessment of Subsoil of Guwahati City”, Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 105-106, 2016

R. Ajal Louain, S. Farrashi, “Geotechnical city zoning using the GIS”, Fourth International Conference on Geotechnical and Soil Mechanics, Tehran, Iran, 1986

M. Ahmad, Q. Iqbal, F. A. Khan, “Profiling and zoning of geotechnical sub-soil data using geographic information system”, Science International, Vol. 25, No. 3, pp. 15-20, 2013

K. S. Namir, M. Al-Saoudi, M. Kadhim, “Digital Geotechnical Maps of Basrah CityUsing Geographical Information Systems Technique”, Eng. & Tech Journal, Vol. 31, No. 4, pp. 8-10, 2013

W. N. S. Wan-Mohamad, A. N. Abdul-Ghani, “The use of geographic information system (GIS) for geotechnical data processing and presentation”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 1, pp. 397-406, 2011

M. Juárez-Camarena, G. Auvinet-Guichard, E. Méndez-Sánchez, “Geotechnical Zoning of Mexico Valley Subsoil”, Ingeniería, Investigación y Tecnología, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 297-308, 2016

eISSN: 1792-8036     pISSN: 2241-4487