An Appraisal of Asia-Pacific Cities as Control and Command Centres Embedded in World City Network
Since the globalization trend is proliferating at a staggering rate, world cities have emerged as the most dominant vanguard incorporated into global economy. Control and command function is one of the robust integral parts of world city formation, which is closely associated with the corporate headquarter status of some dominant multinational companies. Previous research works on this topic tend to concentrate on the Western Europe and North American arenas neglecting the Asia-Pacific region. Hence, the objective of this paper is to explore control and command functions of Asia-Pacific cities with reference to headquarters’ locations of multinational companies. The methodology will utilize the Forbes global 2000 dataset from the seminal study of GaWC research group, and apply the control and command center model and the interlocking city network model to discover the control and command index, as well as network connectivity of Asia-Pacific cities. Based upon the empirical study of this research, we could identify the hierarchical structure and spatial structure of Asia-Pacific world cities to emerge as some control and command centers embedded in world city network.
A. Alderson, J. Beckfield, “Power and Position in the World City System”, American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 109, No. 4, pp. 811-851, 2004
J. V. Beaverstock, R. G. Smith, P. J. Taylor, “World-City Network: A New Metageography?”, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 90, No. 1, pp. 123-134, 2000
G. Csomós, “The command and control centers of the United States (2006/2012): An analysis of industry sectors influencing the position of cities”, Geoforum, Vol. 50, pp. 241-251, 2013
G. Csomós, B. Derudder, “European cities as command and control centres, 2006–11”, European Urban and Regional Studies, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 345-352, 2014
B. Derudder, P. J. Taylor, F. Witlox, G. Catalano, “Hierarchical tendencies and regional patterns in the world city network: A global urban analysis of 234 cities”, Regional Studies, Vol. 37, No. 9, pp. 875-886, 2003
J. Friedmann, “The World City Hypothesis. Development and Change”, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 69-83, 1986
 Godfrey, B. J., & Zhou, Y. , "Ranking world cities: Multinational corporations and the global urban hierarchy. Urban Geography", Vol. 20, No. 3, pp. 268-281, 1999
Z. Li, S. R. S. Dawood, “World City Network in China: A Network Analysis of Air Transportation Network. Modern Applied Science”, Vol. 10, No. 10, pp. 213-223, 2016
“World Cities Formation in China: A Comparative Study of Five Pre-Eminent Cities", Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 7 No.6, pp. 387-396, 2016
S. Sassen, “The global city: strategic site/new frontier”, American Studies, Vol. 41, No. 2/3, pp. 79-95
S. Sassen,T he global city: New York, London, Tokyo, Princeton University Press, 2001
J. R. Short, Y. Kim, M. Kuus, H. Wells, “The dirty little secret of world cities research: Data problems in comparative analysis”, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 697-717, 1996
P. J. Taylor, “Specification of the world city network”, Geographical Analysis, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 181-194, 2001
P. J. Taylor, G. Catalano, D. R. F. Walker, “Measurement of the world city network”, Urban Studies, Vol. 39, No. 13, pp. 2367-2376, 2002
P. J. Taylor, G. Csomós, “Cities as control and command centres: Analysis and interpretation”, Cities, Vol. 29, No. 6, pp. 408-411, 2012
P. J. Taylor, P. Ni, B. Derudder, M. Hoyler, J. Huang, F. Lu, D. Bassens, “The way we were: command-and-control centres in the global space-economy on the eve of the 2008 geoeconomic transition”, GaWC Research Bulletin, pp. 289, 2008
S. X. B. Zhao, J. M. Cai, L. Zhang, “Asymmetric information as a key determinant for locational choice of MNC headquarters and the development of financial centers: A case for China”, China Economic Review, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 308-331, 2005
L. Zeyun, S. R. S. Dawood, “Development of the Regional Financial Centers in China: A Quantitative Study Based on the Province-level Data”, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 3 S1, pp. 374-382, 2016
PDF Downloads 63
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.