Analysis of the Risks arising from Fire Installations in Workplaces using the Ranking Method

  • F. Yilmaz Department of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations, Bandirma Onyedi Eylul University, Turkey
  • S. Alp Department of Industrial Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Turkey https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6545-4287
  • B. Oz Department of Chemical Engineering, Corum Hitit University, Turkey
  • A. Alkoc Department of Industrial Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Turkey
Keywords: arising risks, ranking method, fuzzy AHP, fire installatiıons

Abstract

The aim of this study is to analyze the risks arising from fire installations in workplaces. It also aims to propose a risk analysis method in the form of a “Fire Safety Risk Ranking System” for enterprises with a closed work area of more than 1000m2 in accordance with regulations in Turkey. The relative weights of fire safety factors were determined by Fuzzy AHP. The ranking points of the enterprises were calculated by using the weights obtained with FAHP. From the 45 enterprises where the risk assessment was applied, only 3 enterprises scored 100 full points according to the fire risk ranking method, and 30 enterprises had a score below 80 points. Out of these, 6 scored below 60 points, which is considered a low score. The distribution of enterprises within sectors was not equal. According to the results, only 6.6% of the enterprises are in compliance with legislation and standards, about 67% are inadequate in terms of fire safety and continue to operate under serious fire risks.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

M. D. A. | www.mavigen.com, “Istanbul Fire Department,” Istanbul Fire Department. http://itfaiye.ibb.gov.tr/en/ (accessed Jun. 18, 2020).

M. Oturakci and C. Dagsuyu, “Fuzzy Fine ‐ Kinney Approach in Risk Assessment and an Application,” (in Turkish), Karaelmas Journal of Occupational Health and Safety, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 17–25, 2017.

“galatasaray_universitesi_yangini.pdf,” (in Turkish), Accessed: Jun. 18, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://www.yangin.org/dosyalar/galatasaray

_universitesi_yangini.pdf.

S. Manchester and P. Bardos, “Fire Hazards from self-heating at Composting and Waste Processing Sites,” Environmental Technology Limited, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 1–9, Jan. 2004.

I. D. Prete, G. Cefarelli, and E. Nigro, “Calibration of a simplified method for fire resistance assessment of partially encased composite beams,” Journal of Structural Fire Engineering, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 262–282, Jan. 2016, doi: 10.1108/JSFE-09-2016-019.

F. Demirel and E. Ozkan, “Fire safety measures for structural steel components,” Journal of the Faculty of Engineering and Architecture of Gazi University, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 89–107, Dec. 2003.

Q. Wang, H. Wang, and Z. Qi, “An application of nonlinear fuzzy analytic hierarchy process in safety evaluation of coal mine,” Safety Science, vol. 86, pp. 78–87, Jul. 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.02.012.

B. Jiangdong, Z. Jingdong, L. Fei, L. Chaoyang, and S. Shuiping, “Social benefits of the mine occupational health and safety management systems of mines in China and Sweden based on a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process: A comparative study,” vol. 31, no. 6, pp. 3113–3120, Dec. 2016.

H. X. Li, M. Al-Hussein, Z. Lei, and Z. Ajweh, “Risk identification and assessment of modular construction utilizing fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and simulation,” Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 1184–1195, Dec. 2013, doi: 10.1139/cjce-2013-0013.

M. Dagdeviren and I. Yuksel, “Developing a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) model for behavior-based safety management,” Information Sciences, vol. 178, no. 6, pp. 1717–1733, Mar. 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.ins.2007.10.016.

P. Jiang, H. Yang, B. Peng, and M. Yu, “Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process Assessment Model for Gas Station Safety Status and Its Application,” Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection, Accessed: Jun. 18, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/

CJFDTotal-GYAF200802023.htm.

M. An, S. Huang, and C. Baker, “Railway risk assessment - The fuzzy reasoning approach and fuzzy analytic hierarchy process approaches: A case study of shunting at Waterloo depot,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit, vol. 221, no. 3, pp. 365–383, May 2007, doi: 10.1243/09544097JRRT106.

K. Webster, C. Jardine, S. Cash, and L. Mcmullen, “Risk Ranking: Investigating Expert and Public Differences in Evaluating Food Safety Hazards,” Journal of food protection, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 1875–1885, Oct. 2010, doi: 10.4315/0362-028X-73.10.1875.

Y. Duo, Z. Wu, L. Wei, R. Kang, and A. Lou, “Studies for the accidental risk ranking of major hazard installations,” Journal of Safety Science and Technology, no. 6, pp. 19–23, 2006.

S. M. Lo, B. Q. Hu, M. Liu, and K. K. Yuen, “On the use of reliability interval method and grey relational model for fire safety ranking of existing buildings,” Fire Technology, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 255–270, Oct. 2005, doi: 10.1007/s10694-005-3732-9.

W. K. Chow and G. C. H. Lui, “A proposed fire safety ranking system for karaoke establishments and its comparison with the NFPA-fire safety evaluation system,” Building and Environment, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 647–656, Jun. 2002, doi: 10.1016/S0360-1323(01)00073-7.

L. Shi, R. Zhang, Q. Xie, and L. Fu, “Improving analytic hierarchy process applied to fire risk analysis of public building,” Chinese Science Bulletin, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 1442–1450, Apr. 2009, doi: 10.1007/s11434-009-0056-z.

S. W. Kim, A. Wall, J. Wang, and Y. S. Kwon, “Application of AHP to fire safety based decision making of a passenger ship,” OPSEARCH, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 249–262, Sep. 2008, doi: 10.1007/BF03398817.

A. Paralikas and A. Lygeros, “A Multi-Criteria and Fuzzy Logic Based Methodology for the Relative Ranking of the Fire Hazard of Chemical Substances and Installations,” Process Safety and Environmental Protection - PROCESS SAF ENVIRON PROT, vol. 83, no. 2, pp. 122–134, Mar. 2005, doi: 10.1205/psep.04236.

O. Tezcan, “Analytic Hierarchy Process Method and Application in Area Selection of Ready Mixed Concrete Plant”, (in Turkish), Turkiye Hazır Beton Birligi Dergisi, vol. 86, no. 1, pp. 58-62, 2007

A. Goksu, “Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process and Its Application of University Preference Ranking,” The Journal of Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 1–26, 2008.

E. Ozgormus, O. Mutlu, and H. Guner, “Bulanik AHP ile Personel Secimi,” (in Turkish), presented at the Istanbul Ticaret Universitesi V. Ulusal Uretim Arastirmaları Sempozyumu, Istanbul,Turkey, Nov. 2005.

N. Erginel, “Tasarım hata turu ve etkileri analizinin etkinligi icin bir model ve uygulaması,” Endustri Muhendisligi, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 17–26, 2004.

S. Alp and C. E. Gundogdu, “Kurulus yeri seciminde analitik hiyerarsi prosesi ve bulanık analitik hiyerarsi prosesi uygulaması,” (in Turkish), Dokuz Eylul Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 7–25, 2012.

C.-H. Cheng, “Evaluating naval tactical missile systems by fuzzy AHP based on the grade value of membership function,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 96, no. 2, pp. 343–350, Jan. 1997, doi: 10.1016/S0377-2217(96)00026-4.

L. C. Leung and D. Cao, “On consistency and ranking of alternatives in fuzzy AHP,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 124, no. 1, pp. 102–113, Jul. 2000, doi: 10.1016/S0377-2217(99)00118-6.

A. Ozdagoglu, “Bulanık AHP yaklaşımında duyarlılık analizleri : yeni bir hammadde tedarikcisinin cozume eklenmesi,” (in Turkish), Istanbul Ticaret Universitesi Fen Bilimleri Dergisi, vol. 7, no. 13, pp. 51–72, 2008.

H. Canli and A. Kandakoglu, “A fuzzy AHP model for air force comparison,” Journal Of Aeronautics And Space Technologies, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 71–82, Jan. 2007.

C. Da-Yong, “Applications of the extent analysis method on fuzzy AHP,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 3, no. 95, pp. 649–655, 1996.

M. A. Hassanain, M. A. Hafeez, and M. O. Sanni-Anibire, “A ranking system for fire safety performance of student housing facilities,” Safety Science, vol. 92, pp. 116–127, Feb. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.ssci.2016.10.002.

L. Wong and S. Lau, “A Fire Safety Evaluation System for Prioritizing Fire Improvements in Old High-rise Buildings in Hong Kong,” Fire Technology, vol. 43, pp. 233–249, Jan. 2007, doi: 10.1007/s10694-007-0014-8.

M. J. Hurley et al., Eds., SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, 5th ed. New York, NY, USA: Springer-Verlag, 2016.

S. M. Lo, “A Fire Safety Assessment System for Existing Buildings,” Fire Technology, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 131–152, May 1999, doi: 10.1023/A:1015463821818.

D. F. Li, J. X. Nan, and M. J. Zhang, “A Ranking Method of Triangular Intuitionistic Fuzzy Numbers and Application to Decision Making,” International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 522–530, Oct. 2010, doi: 10.1080/18756891.2010.9727719.

W. K. Chow, “Proposed fire safety ranking system EB-FSRS for existing high-rise nonresidential buildings in Hong Kong,” Journal of Architectural Engineering, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 116–124, 2002.

J. M. Watts, “Fire Risk Assessment Using Multiattribute Evaluation,” Fire Safety Science, vol. 5, pp. 679–690, 1997, doi: 10.3801/IAFSS.FSS.5-679.

NFPA 101A: Guide on Alternative Approaches to Life Safety. Quincy, MA, USA: National Fire Protection Association, 1995.

J. M. Watts, “Analysis of the NFPA Fire Safety Evaluation System for Business Occupancies,” Fire Technology, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 276–282, Sep. 1997, doi: 10.1023/A:1015323923693.

W. K. Chow and G. C. H. Lui, “Fire safety facilities assessment for karaokes,” Facilities, vol. 20, no. 13/14, pp. 441–449, Jan. 2002, doi: 10.1108/02637702010454395.

J. M. Watts and M. E. Kaplan, “Fire Risk Index for Historic Buildings,” Fire Technology, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 167–180, Apr. 2001, doi: 10.1023/A:1011649802894.

A. G. Copping, “Application of a Systematic Fire Safety Evaluation Procedure in the Protection of Historic Property,” Fire Protection Engineering, vol. 14, pp. 12–17, 2002.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 85
PDF Downloads: 52

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share