Effect of Transformational Leadership on the Creativity of Employees: An Empirical Investigation

  • K. Teymournejad Faculty of Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • R. Elghaei Faculty of Management, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Keywords: Transformational Leadership, creativity, idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration, motivational inspiration


Considering the accelerated pace of developments and advancements in the current era, organizations which have innovative, change-oriented managers and leaders with a long-term vision are more likely to survive the competitive environment. Undoubtedly, leadership behavior and style considering creativity and innovativeness of employees within the organization as an incentive of organizational change considerably influence employee needs and knowledge. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of transformational leadership involving idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, inspirational motivation and individualized considerations on organizational creativity of employees in the Maskan Bank in Tehran. This study is an applied research using descriptive data analysis. Data is collected by questionnaires. Correlation is used to analyze the hypotheses. The studied population includes all managers and employees of the Maskan Bank in Tehran Province. Using Cochran formula, 127 employees are selected as a sample. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire are calculated by using expert opinion and Cronbach Alpha. The normal distribution of variables is determined by using Kolmogorov-Smirnov test and confirmatory factor analysis; hypotheses are tested by using linear structured relationships. All hypotheses are confirmed; that is, transformational leadership as a whole and each of its dimensions, such as idealized influence, intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration and inspirational motivation have a significant and positive effect on creativity of Maskan Bank employees.


Download data is not yet available.


M. Nasiri, Motivation for change. Management Development, Vol. 47, pp. 35-37, 2003

M. Neiestani, H. Choupani, H. Gholamzadeh, M. Zare-Khalili, “The relationship between transformational leadership and empowerment of employees”, Industrial Management, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp. 12-23, 2012

R. Eisenbach, K. Watson, R. Pillai, “Transformational leadership in the context of organizational change”, Journal of organizational change management, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp. 80-89, 1999

B. Shirzad-Kebria, F. Shabani-Zanganeh, “The relationship between leadership style of senior managers”, Educational Administration Research Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 105-124, 2011

M. R. Redmond, M. D. Mumford, R. Teach, “Putting creativity to work: Effects of leader behavior on subordinate creativity”, Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol. 55, No. 1, pp. 120-151, 2010

K. Boal, R. Hooijberg, “Strategic leadership research: Moving on”, Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 11, pp. 515-549, 2009

L. Epitropaki, R. Martin, “The moderating role of individual differences in the relation between transformational/transactional leadershipperceptions and organizational identification” Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 16, pp. 569-589, 2005

C. S. Long, L. Y. Thean, “Relationship Between Leadership Style, Job Satisfaction and Employees’Turnover Intention: A Literature Review”, Research Journal of Business Management, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 91-100, 2011

B. M. Bass, P. Steidlmeier, “Ethics, character, and authentic transformational leadership behavior”, Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 10, pp. 181-217, 2007

S. Abraham, “Stretching Strategic Thinking”, Strategyand Leadership, Vol. 33, pp. 5-1, 2005.

W. Gong, V. B. Ooi, “Innovations and Motivations in Online Chat”, Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication, Vol. 2, pp. 917-933, 2008

Y. Gong, J. Zhou, S. Chang, “Core knowledge employee creativity and firm performance: The moderating role of riskiness orientation, firm size, and realized absorptive capacity”, Personnel Psychology, Vol. 66, No. 2, pp. 443-482, 2013

S. C. Burke, S. L. Snyder, “YouTube: An Innovative Learning Resource for College Health Education Courses”, International Electronic Journal of Health Education, Vol. 11, pp. 39-46, 2008

R. S. Allen, G. Dawson, K. Wheatley, C. S. White, “Perceived diversity and organizational performance”, Employee Relations, Vol. 30, No. 1, pp. 20-33, 2007

R. J. Givens, “Transformational Leadership: The Impact on Organizational and Personal Outcomes”, Emerging Leadership Journeys, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 4-24, 2008

B. M. Bass, P. Steidlmeier, “Ethics, character, and authentic transformational leadership behavior”, Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp. 181-217, 1999

B. Mandell, S. Pherwani, “Relationship between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership style: A gender comparison”, Journal of Business and Psychology, Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 387-404, 2003

A. Mathew, S. Rakesh, “Transformational leadership: an investigation of Bass's model in the context of Indian professionals”, International Journal of Human Resources Development and Management, Vol. 16, No. 1-2, pp. 18-29, 2016

A. Deinert, A. C. Homan, D. Boer, S. C. Voelpel, D. Gutermann, “Transformational leadership sub-dimensions and their link to leaders' personality and performance”, Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 6, pp. 1095-1120, 2015

M. Mirkamali, K. Shateri, A. Youzbashi, “The role of transformational leadership in tendency for organizational creativity”, Innovation and Value Creation, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 21-31, 2013

D. Jung, F. J. Yammarino, J. K. Lee, “Moderating role of subordinates' attitudes on transformational leadership and effectiveness: A multi-cultural and multi-level perspective”, Leadership Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 586-603, 2009

J. C. Nunnally, “An overview of psychological measurement”, in Clinical Diagnosis of Mental Disorders, pp. 97-146, Springer US, 1978

C. Fornell, D. F. Larcker, “Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error”, Journal of Marketing Research,Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 39-50, 1981

P. Wang, J. C. Rode, “Transformational leadership and follower creativity: The moderating effects of identification with leader and organizational climate”, Human Relations, Vol. 63, No. 8, pp. 1105-1128, 2010

P. Mazloumi, B. Shahtalebi, “The relationship between transformational leadership and organizational health”, Methodology in Curriculum Development, Vol. 1, No. 25, pp. 136-137, 2010

K. Ghahraman-Tabrizi, F. Tondnevis, A. Amirtash, P. Kadivar, “The relationship between organizational culture and creativity”, Physical and Sportive Sciences, Vol. 3, No. 6, pp. 139-150, 2005

M. Javdani, The relationship between transformational leadership and organizational commitment, Msc Thesis, Shiraz University, Iran, 2002


Abstract Views: 736
PDF Downloads: 418

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share