The Effect of Polypropylene Fibers on the Fracture Characteristics of Lightweight Aggregate Crumb Rubber Concrete Composites

Authors

  • Moataz Badawi Civil Engineering Department, College of Engineering and Islamic Architecture, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
  • Ayman G. Ahmed Civil Engineering Department, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
  • Tarek A. Eldamaty Civil Engineering Department, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia
  • Medhat M. Helal Civil Engineering Department, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia | Department of Engineering Mathematics and Physics, Zagazig University, Egypt https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5204-277X
Volume: 13 | Issue: 3 | Pages: 10638-10645 | June 2023 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.5821

Abstract

The increasing use of rubber tires and their low recycling ratio have made them a serious environmental problem. This work aims to develop and investigate enhanced lightweight aggregate crumb rubber concrete (PFLWACRC) composites regarding the fracture properties of concrete. Polypropylene (PP) fibers are commonly familiar with increased crack growth endurance of concrete. On the other hand, the reuse of waste rubber in concrete plays a major role in the mitigation of the effects of climate change. Various concrete mixtures were designed with conventional Portland cement and common lightweight coarse aggregates. The variables considered in this study are PP fibers in different percentages (0.2%, 0.4%, and 0.6% volume fraction), and crumb rubber with various substitution proportions (0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25% of fine aggregates). Cement with 450kg/m3 density with 10% silica fume was used. The fracture characteristics, which involve fracture toughness (KIC) and fracture energy generation (GF), of all concrete mixtures were evaluated by testing two types of samples, i.e. 54 notched concrete beams with dimensions of 10×10×52cm and 54 cylinders with diameter×height equal to 15×30cm. The results showed that the fracture toughness generation addresses the energy scattering limit of concrete mixtures. The findings showed that the existence of PP fibers increased the fracture energy and critical Crack Mouth Opening Displacement (CMOD)c. The PP fibers had a limited effect on the compressive strength and may even reduce it, but a remarkable enhancement of the energy absorption was observed.

Keywords:

lightweight aggregates, silica fume, crack growth, polypropylene fibers, crumb rubber, fracture energy

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References

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How to Cite

[1]
M. Badawi, A. G. Ahmed, T. A. Eldamaty, and M. M. Helal, “The Effect of Polypropylene Fibers on the Fracture Characteristics of Lightweight Aggregate Crumb Rubber Concrete Composites”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 10638–10645, Jun. 2023.

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