A Spatiotemporal Approach in Detecting and Analyzing Hydro-climatic Change in Northwest Algeria

Authors

  • S. Bouraoui Laboratory for Research and Studies in Planning and Urban Planning (LREAU), University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algeria
  • A. Medjerab Laboratory for Research and Studies in Planning and Urban Planning (LREAU), University of Sciences and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algeria
Volume: 12 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 9632-9639 | December 2022 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.5332

Abstract

Understanding climatic behavior, particularly that of semi-arid regions, is essential in order to optimize water resources management and provide protection from climatic risks. Water resources have great socio-economic and environmental importance. This paper focuses on the statistical analysis of the rainfall regime of northwest Algeria and estimates its spatial distribution and temporal variation. To this end, time series and principal component analysis were performed on rainfall series recorded from 1913 to 2009, representing the annual precipitation from thirty meteorological stations to discover patterns and trends in the studied region. Furthermore, the applied spectral analysis of the time series reveals the existence of a period of approximately 97 years at all stations. ArcGIS along with statistical and analytical tools like SPSS and XLSTAT were utilized in this study of the climatic behavior in northwest Algeria.

Keywords:

rainfall series, statistics analyses, cartography, spectral analysis, climate variability

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A. A. Mahessar et al., "Rainfall Analysis for Hyderabad and Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 6597–6602, Dec. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3923

M. Iturbide et al., "An update of IPCC climate reference regions for subcontinental analysis of climate model data: definition and aggregated datasets," Earth System Science Data, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 2959–2970, Nov. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-12-2959-2020

R. Mahmood, S. Jia, and W. Zhu, "Analysis of climate variability, trends, and prediction in the most active parts of the Lake Chad basin, Africa," Scientific Reports, vol. 9, no. 1, Apr. 2019, Art. no. 6317. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-42811-9

S. Taibi, M. Meddi, D. Souag, and G. Mahe, "Evolution et regionalisation des precipitations au nord de l’Algerie (1936―2009)," in Climate and land surface changes in hydrology, Gothenburg, Sweden, Jul. 2013, vol. 359, pp. 191–197.

P. Hubert and J.-P. Carbonnel, "Approche statistique de l’aridification de l’Afrique de l’Ouest," Journal of Hydrology, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 165–183, Nov. 1987. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(87)90123-5

P. Hubert, J. P. Carbonnel, and A. Chaouche, "Segmentation des series hydrometeorologiques — application a des series de precipitations et de debits de l’afrique de l’ouest," Journal of Hydrology, vol. 110, no. 3, pp. 349–367, Oct. 1989. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-1694(89)90197-2

A. Gustard, "Variations spatio-temporelles des regimes pluviometriques et hydrologiques en Afrique centrale du debut du sie`cle a` nos jours," in FRIEND’97: Regional Hydrology : Concepts and Models for Sustainable Water Resource Management, Wallingford, OXF, UK: International Association of Hydrological Sciences, 1997, pp. 257–263.

S. R. Samo, N. Bhatti, A. Saand, M. A. Keerio, and D. K. Bangwar, "Temporal Analysis of Temperature and Precipitation Trends in Shaheed Benazir Abad Sindh, Pakistan," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 2171–2176, Dec. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1388

B. Alves, D. B. Angnuureng, P. Morand, and R. Almar, "A review on coastal erosion and flooding risks and best management practices in West Africa: what has been done and should be done," Journal of Coastal Conservation, vol. 24, no. 3, Jun. 2020, Art. no. 38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11852-020-00755-7

Z. Nouaceur, "La reprise des pluies et la recrudescence des inondations en Afrique de l’Ouest sahelienne," Physio-Geo. Geographie physique et environnement, vol. 15, pp. 89–109, Mar. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4000/physio-geo.10966

M. Sidibe, "Past and future hydroclimatic variability over West and Central Africa and their teleconnections," Ph.D. dissertation, Coventry University, Coventry, England, 2019.

P. Coratza and C. Parenti, "Controlling Factors of Badland Morphological Changes in the Emilia Apennines (Northern Italy)," Water, vol. 13, no. 4, Jan. 2021, Art. no. 539. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w13040539

A. Greco, D. L. De Luca, and E. Avolio, "Heavy Precipitation Systems in Calabria Region (Southern Italy): High-Resolution Observed Rainfall and Large-Scale Atmospheric Pattern Analysis," Water, vol. 12, no. 5, May 2020, Art. no. 1468. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w12051468

H. B. Abubakar, S. W. Newete, and M. C. Scholes, "Drought Characterization and Trend Detection Using the Reconnaissance Drought Index for Setsoto Municipality of the Free State Province of South Africa and the Impact on Maize Yield," Water, vol. 12, no. 11, Nov. 2020, Art. no. 2993. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112993

Y. Ban, P. Zhang, A. Nascetti, A. R. Bevington, and M. A. Wulder, "Near Real-Time Wildfire Progression Monitoring with Sentinel-1 SAR Time Series and Deep Learning," Scientific Reports, vol. 10, no. 1, Jan. 2020, Art. no. 1322. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-56967-x

A. Douguedroit and C. Norrant, "Annual and Seasonal Century Scale Trends of the Precipitation in the Mediterranean Area During the Twentieth Century," in Mediterranean Climate: Variability and Trends, H.-J. Bolle, Ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2003, pp. 159–163. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-55657-9_9

A. J. O’Donnell, M. Renton, K. J. Allen, and P. F. Grierson, "Tree growth responses to temporal variation in rainfall differ across a continental-scale climatic gradient," PLOS ONE, vol. 16, no. 5, 2021, Art. no. e0249959. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0249959

V. Homar, C. Ramis, R. Romero, and S. Alonso, "Recent trends in temperature and precipitation over the Balearic Islands (Spain)," Climatic Change, vol. 98, no. 1, Sep. 2009, Art. no. 199. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-009-9664-5

H. B. Mann, "Nonparametric Tests Against Trend," Econometrica, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 245–259, 1945. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/1907187

M. G. Kendall, Rank correlation methods. London, UK: Griffin, 1948.

V. Totaro, A. Gioia, and V. Iacobellis, "Numerical investigation on the power of parametric and nonparametric tests for trend detection in annual maximum series," Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 473–488, Jan. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5194/hess-24-473-2020

P. Pathak, A. Kalra, S. Ahmad, and M. Bernardez, "Wavelet-Aided Analysis to Estimate Seasonal Variability and Dominant Periodicities in Temperature, Precipitation, and Streamflow in the Midwestern United States," Water Resources Management, vol. 30, no. 13, pp. 4649–4665, Oct. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-016-1445-0

E. L. Lehmann and H. J. D’Abrera, Nonparametrics: Statistical methods based on ranks. Oxford, England: Holden-Day, 1975.

Ρ. Sneyers, Sur l’analyse statistique des séries d’observations. Geneva, Switzerland: OMM, 1990.

P. J. Pilon, R. Condie, and K. D. Harvey, "Consolidated Frequency Analysis Package , 1985," in Cfa User Manual for Version I: Dec Pro Series, Ottawa, Canada: Environment Canada, Water Resources Branch, 1985.

A. I. McLeod, K. W. Hipel, and F. Comancho, "Trend Assessment of Water Quality Time Series," Journal of the American Water Resources Association, vol. 19, pp. 537–547, Aug. 1983. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-1688.1983.tb02768.x

K. W. Hipel and A. I. McLeod, Time Series Modelling of Water Resources and Environmental Systems. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier, 1994.

A. N. Pettitt, "A Non-Parametric Approach to the Change-Point Problem," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics), vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 126–135, 1979. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2346729

M. B. Richman, "Rotation of principal components," Journal of Climatology, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 293–335, 1986. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/joc.3370060305

P. Camberlin, "Les precipitations dans la corne orientale de l’Afrique : climatologie, variabilite et connexions avec quelques indicateurs oceano-atmospheriques," Ph.D. dissertation, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France, 1994.

M. Beniston, M. Rebetez, F. Giorgi, and M. R. Marinucci, "An analysis of regional climate change in Switzerland," Theoretical and Applied Climatology, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 135–159, Sep. 1994. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00865530

I. F. Trigo, T. D. Davies, and G. R. Bigg, "Decline in Mediterranean rainfall caused by weakening of Mediterranean cyclones," Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 27, no. 18, pp. 2913–2916, 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2000GL011526

R. M. Trigo et al., "The Impact of North Atlantic Wind and Cyclone Trends on European Precipitation and Significant Wave Height in the Atlantic," Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1146, no. 1, pp. 212–234, 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1196/annals.1446.014

N. C. Nebout, V. Bout-Roumazeilles, I. Dormoy, and O. Peyron, "Secheresses recurrentes en Mediterranee au cours des derniers 50 000 ans," Science et changements planetaires / Secheresse, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 210–216, Apr. 2009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1684/sec.2009.0181

A.-E. Briciu and D. Mihaila, "Wavelet analysis of some rivers in SE Europe and selected climate indices," Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, vol. 186, no. 10, pp. 6263–6286, Oct. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-3853-z

C. Sun, J. Li, R. Ding, and Z. Jin, "Cold season Africa–Asia multidecadal teleconnection pattern and its relation to the Atlantic multidecadal variability," Climate Dynamics, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 3903–3918, Jun. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3309-y

J. W. Hurrell, "Decadal Trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional Temperatures and Precipitation," Science, vol. 269, no. 5224, pp. 676–679, Aug. 1995. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.269.5224.676

P. J. Lamb, "Chapter 5: West Africa," in Teleconnections Linking Worldwide Climate Anomalies. Scientific Basis and Societal Impact, M. H. Glantz, R. W. Katz, and M. Nicholls, Eds. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

A. Khaldi, "Impacts de la secheresse sur le regime des ecoulements souterrains dans les massifs calcaires de l’Ouest Algerien Monts de Tlemcen - Saida," Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oran, Oran, Algeria, 2005.

M. M. Meddi, A. A. Assani, and H. Meddi, "Temporal Variability of Annual Rainfall in the Macta and Tafna Catchments, Northwestern Algeria," Water Resources Management, vol. 24, no. 14, pp. 3817–3833, Nov. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-010-9635-7

L. Brandimarte, G. Di Baldassarre, G. Bruni, P. D’Odorico, and A. Montanari, "Relation Between the North-Atlantic Oscillation and Hydroclimatic Conditions in Mediterranean Areas," Water Resources Management, vol. 25, no. 5, pp. 1269–1279, Mar. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-010-9742-5

A. N. Laghari, W. Rauch, and M. A. Soomro, "A Hydrological Response Analysis Considering Climatic Variability: Case Study of Hunza Catchment," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 2981–2984, Jun. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2056

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
S. Bouraoui and A. Medjerab, “A Spatiotemporal Approach in Detecting and Analyzing Hydro-climatic Change in Northwest Algeria”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 9632–9639, Dec. 2022.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 391
PDF Downloads: 324

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share