Seismic Assessment of Steel Frames Subjected to Multi-hazards

Authors

Volume: 12 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 9565-9569 | December 2022 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.5311

Abstract

This paper investigates the effects induced by thunderstorm downbursts to steel building structures that have been previously damaged during strong directivity ground motion events. To achieve this objective, one four-story steel moment-resisting frame that was tested at the E-defense laboratory, Japan was analyzed in the nonlinear range using OpenSees. The seismic response was numerically simulated, obtaining a satisfactory agreement with the experimental evidence, revealing that the effects of such wind events and vertical ground motions were significant. These effects should be addressed during the design of low and medium buildings subjected to initial damage and subsequent thunderstorm downbursts and the ductility demands on structures subjected to multi-hazards can be quantified. The wind loads are applied as an externally applied dynamic load and the revised ductility demands are determined directly. The obtained results are compared to what is expected by experimental tests.

Keywords:

steel building, thunderstorm downbursts, ductility demands, wind, earthquake, non-linear analysis

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

H. E. Brooks, "Severe thunderstorms and climate change," Atmospheric Research, vol. 123, pp. 129–138, Apr. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.04.002

A. T. Radler, P. H. Groenemeijer, E. Faust, R. Sausen, and T. Pucik, "Frequency of severe thunderstorms across Europe expected to increase in the 21st century due to rising instability," npj Climate and Atmospheric Science, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–5, Aug. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41612-019-0083-7

"Hurricane Katia leaves two dead in Mexico as earthquake clean-up begins," ABC News, Sep. 10, 2017. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-09-10/deadly-quake-hurricane-katia-a-one-two-punch-for-mexico/.

F. K. Narayan Chandrika, "Mexico had two major earthquakes this month. Here’s why," CNN, Sep. 20, 2017. https://www.cnn.com/2017/09/20/americas/mexico-two-earthquakes-in-one-month/index.html.

T. T. Fujita, The Downburst: Microburst and Macroburst, 1st ed. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago, 1985.

F. T. Lombardo, D. A. Smith, J. L. Schroeder, and K. C. Mehta, "Thunderstorm characteristics of importance to wind engineering," Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 125, pp. 121–132, Feb. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2013.12.004

T. Theodore Fujita, "Downbursts: meteorological features and wind field characteristics," Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 36, pp. 75–86, Jan. 1990. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-6105(90)90294-M

A. M. Loredo-Souza, E. G. Lima, M. B. Vallis, M. M. Rocha, A. R. Wittwer, and M. G. K. Oliveira, "Downburst related damages in Brazilian buildings: Are they avoidable?," Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics, vol. 185, pp. 33–40, Feb. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jweia.2018.11.022

A. Tilloy, B. D. Malamud, H. Winter, and A. Joly-Laugel, "A review of quantification methodologies for multi-hazard interrelationships," Earth-Science Reviews, vol. 196, Sep. 2019, Art. no. 102881. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.102881

A. M. Aly and S. Abburu, "On the Design of High-Rise Buildings for Multihazard: Fundamental Differences between Wind and Earthquake Demand," Shock and Vibration, vol. 2015, Sep. 2015, Art. no. e148681. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/148681

D. Duthinh and E. Simiu, "Safety of Structures in Strong Winds and Earthquakes: Multihazard Considerations," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 136, no. 3, pp. 330–333, Mar. 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000108

S. N. Thilakarathna, N. Anwar, P. Norachan, and F. A. Naja, "The Effect of Wind Loads on the Seismic Performance of Tall Buildings," Athens Journal of Τechnology & Engineering, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 251–276, Aug. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30958/ajte.5-3-3

S. Kwag, A. Gupta, J. Baugh, and H.-S. Kim, "Significance of multi-hazard risk in design of buildings under earthquake and wind loads," Engineering Structures, vol. 243, Sep. 2021, Art. no. 112623. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2021.112623

S. Elias, R. Rupakhety, and S. Olafsson, "Analysis of a Benchmark Building Installed with Tuned Mass Dampers under Wind and Earthquake Loads," Shock and Vibration, vol. 2019, Nov. 2019, Art. no. e7091819. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/7091819

A. E. Taha, "Vibration Control of a Tall Benchmark Building under Wind and Earthquake Excitation," Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction, vol. 26, no. 2, May 2021, Art. no. 04021005. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)SC.1943-5576.0000569

A. K. Chopra and R. K. Goel, "A modal pushover analysis procedure for estimating seismic demands for buildings," Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 561–582, 2002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.144

D. Isobe and S. Tanaka, "Sequential Simulations of Steel Frame Buildings Under Multi-Phase Hazardous Loads During Earthquake and Tsunami," Frontiers in Built Environment, vol. 7, 2021, Art. no. 669601. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fbuil.2021.669601

Q. Li and B. R. Ellingwood, "Performance evaluation and damage assessment of steel frame buildings under main shock–aftershock earthquake sequences," Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 405–427, 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/eqe.667

O. Badla, T. Bouzid, and P. M. Vazquez, "Inelastic Analysis of Mdof Systems Damaged by Earthquakes, Posteriorly Subjected to Wind Load," Civil Engineering Journal, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 575–593, Mar. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-2021-03091675

S. Park, J. W. van de Lindt, D. Cox, R. Gupta, and F. Aguiniga, "Successive Earthquake-Tsunami Analysis to Develop Collapse Fragilities," Journal of Earthquake Engineering, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 851–863, Aug. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13632469.2012.685209

R. A. Hakim, M. S. A. Alama, and S. A. Ashour, "Seismic Assessment of an RC Building Using Pushover Analysis," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 631–635, Jun. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.428

H. Ullah, M. Rizwan, M. Fahad, and S. a. A. Shah, "Seismic Evaluation of the RC Moment Frame Structure using the Shake Table," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 6674–6679, Feb. 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3959

P. C. Nguyen, "Nonlinear Inelastic Earthquake Analysis of 2D Steel Frames," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 6393–6398, Dec. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3855

M. Tada, M. Ohsaki, S. Yamada, S. Motoyui, and K. Kasai, "E-Defense Tests on Full-Scale Steel Buildings: Part 3 - Analytical Simulation of Collapse," in Research Frontiers at Structures Congress 2007, Jun. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/40944(249)19

K. Suita, S. Yamada, M. Tada, K. Kasai, Y. Matsuoka, and Y. Shimada, "Collapse experiment on 4-story steel moment frame: Part 2 detail of collapse behavior," in 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, Oct. 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/9780203861592.ch19

A. Pavan, R. Pinho, and S. Antoniou, "Blind prediction of a full scale 3D steel frame tested under dynamic conditions," in 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Beijing, China, Oct. 2008.

"PEER Ground Motion Database - PEER Center." https://ngawest2.berkeley.edu/#disclaimer.

R. W. Clough and K. L. Benuska, "FHA Study of Seismic Design Criteria for High-Rise Buildings," Federal Housing Administration, Washington DC, USA, Report HUD TS-3, 1966.

P. Martinez-Vazquez and N. Rodriguez-Cuevas, "Wind field reproduction using neural networks and conditional simulation," Engineering Structures, vol. 29, no. 7, pp. 1442–1449, Jul. 2007. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engstruct.2006.08.024

P. Martinez-Vazquez, "Wind-induced vibrations of structures using design spectra," International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 379–389, Dec. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40091-016-0139-4

E. H. Vanmarcke, E. Heredia‐Zavoni, and G. A. Fenton, "Conditional Simulation of Spatially Correlated Earthquake Ground Motion," Journal of Engineering Mechanics, vol. 119, no. 11, pp. 2333–2352, Nov. 1993. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9399(1993)119:11(2333)

PEER, "Guidelines for Performance-Based Seismic Design of Tall Buildings," University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, 2010/05, 2010.

"Open System for Earthquake Engineering Simulation - Home Page." https://opensees.berkeley.edu.

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
O. Badla, “Seismic Assessment of Steel Frames Subjected to Multi-hazards”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 9565–9569, Dec. 2022.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 578
PDF Downloads: 426

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share