Smart Collection of Waste Bread in Algeria Using the Internet of Things


  • A. Y. Benabdallah Laboratory of Embedded Systems, Badji Mokhtar University, Algeria
  • R. Boudour Laboratory of Embedded Systems, Badji Mokhtar University, Algeria
Volume: 12 | Issue: 6 | Pages: 9483-9486 | December 2022 |


Algerians are among the largest consumers of bread throughout the year and produce large amounts of bread waste. As bread is made from imported wheat, these losses on currency are a heavy loss for the national economy. To minimize these losses, Algeria needs to encourage the recycling of stale bread to minimize the cost of importing soft wheat and valorize it for farmers. This paper presents a framework based on the Internet of Things (IoT) to monitor and collect waste bread from recycling bins. This system could assist Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in Algeria in bread waste collection, by monitoring the level of filling of the outdoor waste bins. The proposed system's architecture used a Mega 2560 microcontroller, HC-SR04 ultrasonic sensors, and SIM 808/900 modules.


IoT, waste bread, recycling, smart city, Arduino


Download data is not yet available.


M. Hocine and L. Sebbache, "La Ressource Alimentaire Pain et ses Deshets a l’ Aune de l’Intelligence Territoriale par ‘Economie Sociale et Circulaire’. Cas d’el-Harrach Dans la Banliere est Algeroise," Revue d’Economie & de Gestion, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 114–123, 2018.

K. Louisa, "Economic Advantages of the Recycling Business," The Journal of Research and Scientific Studies, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 513–231, 2022.

M. Naghel, A. Farhi, and A. Redjem, "Household Waste Management Challenges: The Case of M’sila, Algeria," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 8675–8682, Jun. 2022. DOI:

S. Benkhaled, M. Hemam, M. Djezzar, and M. Maimour, "An Ontology – based Contextual Approach for Cross-domain Applications in Internet of Things," Informatica, vol. 46, no. 5, Mar. 2022. DOI:

K. Pardini, J. J. P. C. Rodrigues, S. A. Kozlov, N. Kumar, and V. Furtado, "IoT-Based Solid Waste Management Solutions: A Survey," Journal of Sensor and Actuator Networks, vol. 8, no. 1, Mar. 2019. DOI:

"Ministry of Trade Algeria."

B. A. Youcef and B. Rachid, "A fast prototype for modeling IP cores using in SoC with UML Marte.," Informatica, vol. 45, no. 6, Oct. 2021. DOI:

N. Radwan and S. A. Mangi, "Municipal Solid Waste Management Practices and Opportunities in Saudi Arabia," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 4516–4519, Aug. 2019. DOI:

A. Ablelhalim and B. Roukia, "For an integrated management of household and similar waste in the city of Bejaia: Outline of a coordination approach between the actors," Architecture et Environement de l’Enfant, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 25–39, 2021.

V. Pavan Sankeerth, V. Santosh Markandeya, E. Sri Ranga, and V. Bhavana, "Smart Waste Management System Using IoT," in Inventive Computation Technologies, Ghaziabad, India, 2020, pp. 661–668. DOI:

C. Wang, J. Qin, C. Qu, X. Ran, C. Liu, and B. Chen, "A smart municipal waste management system based on deep-learning and Internet of Things," Waste Management, vol. 135, pp. 20–29, Nov. 2021. DOI:

M. Ashwin, A. S. Alqahtani, and A. Mubarakali, "Iot based intelligent route selection of wastage segregation for smart cities using solar energy," Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 46, Aug. 2021, Art. no. 101281. DOI:

A. Suvarnamma and J. A. Pradeepkiran, "SmartBin system with waste tracking and sorting mechanism using IoT," Cleaner Engineering and Technology, vol. 5, Dec. 2021, Art. no. 100348. DOI:

N. Abdullah, O. A. Alwesabi, and R. Abdullah, "IoT-Based Smart Waste Management System in a Smart City," in Recent Trends in Data Science and Soft Computing, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2019, pp. 364–371. DOI:

T. Faisal, M. Awawdeh, and A. Bashir, "Design and development of intelligent waste bin system with advertisement solution," Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 940–949, Apr. 2021. DOI:

A. Salehi-Amiri, N. Akbapour, M. Hajiaghaei-Keshteli, Y. Gajpal, and A. Jabbarzadeh, "Designing an effective two-stage, sustainable, and IoT based waste management system," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 157, Apr. 2022, Art. no. 112031. DOI:

M. Xue, W. Hu, L. Huanyu, and Y. Fu, "Beneficial Reuse of Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Bottom Slag in Civil Engineering," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 8306–8310, Apr. 2022. DOI:

K. D. Kang, H. Kang, I. M. S. K. Ilankoon, and C. Y. Chong, "Electronic waste collection systems using Internet of Things (IoT): Household electronic waste management in Malaysia," Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 252, Apr. 2020, Art. no. 119801. DOI:


How to Cite

A. Y. Benabdallah and R. Boudour, “Smart Collection of Waste Bread in Algeria Using the Internet of Things”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 9483–9486, Dec. 2022.


Abstract Views: 542
PDF Downloads: 458

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share