Α Reliability Study of Renewable Energy Resources and their Integration with Utility Grids
Received: 18 May 2022 | Revised: 9 June 2022 and 5 July 2022 | Accepted: 12 July 2022 | Online: 23 July 2022
Corresponding author: S. M. Ghania
Reliability analysis is considered an impressive approach for investigating the planning and design processes of industrial and commercial electrical power distribution systems. Reliability analysis is mainly concerned with the analysis of devices and systems whose individual components are prone to failure risk. The demand for renewable energy resources that work in parallel or replace traditional energy resources is significantly increasing. The current research presents the reliability analysis of the IEEE 40-bus system integrated with large-scale PV and wind systems. Reliability parameters evaluation of power distribution systems will be performed using the zone branch methodology to divide the power system layout into several sections (protected zones). The compensating capacitors will be addressed to clarify their impacts on the system reliability indices. The 40-bus system, known as the IEEE Standard 493-1997, integrated with large-scale PV and wind is simulated using ETAP software. The simulation results reveal that the integration of renewable energy resources with the utility grids can improve the reliability indices. These simulation results are consistent with similar works found in literature and some standards in the field of reliability analysis. The integration of power distribution systems with renewable energy resources improves the reliability indices of the distribution grids.
Keywords:Reliability analysis, Zone branch methodology, Renewable energy resources, high penetration level, Impacts of compensating capacitors
O. US EPA, "Energy Resources for State, Local, and Tribal Governments," Jun. 19, 2017. https://www.epa.gov/statelocalenergy.
S. S. Refaat, H. Abu-Rub, M. Trabelsi, and A. Mohamed, "Reliability evaluation of smart grid system with large penetration of distributed energy resources," in International Conference on Industrial Technology, Lyon, France, Feb. 2018, pp. 1279–1284. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICIT.2018.8352362
V. Vivek and C. P. Das, "Reliability Analysis using Renewable Energy Sources," International Journal of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 47–50, Jul. 2011. DOI: https://doi.org/10.47893/IJMIE.2011.1011
A. M. Huseynov and O. B. Azadkhanov, "Development of intellectual information-measuring system for Azerbaijan power system regime reliability control," in Modern Electric Power Systems, Wroclaw, Poland, Sep. 2019, pp. 1–3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/MEPS46793.2019.9394977
L. Anan, "Application of MATLAB Software in Reliability Verification Test of Success or Failure Product," in International Conference on Computer Systems, Electronics and Control, Dalian, China, Dec. 2017, pp. 1191–1193. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICCSEC.2017.8447042
Y.-W. Chen and J. M. Chang, "EMaaS: Cloud-Based Energy Management Service for Distributed Renewable Energy Integration," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 2816–2824, Aug. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2015.2446980
R. A. Walling, R. Saint, R. C. Dugan, J. Burke, and L. A. Kojovic, "Summary of Distributed Resources Impact on Power Delivery Systems," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1636–1644, Jul. 2008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2007.909115
P.-C. Chen et al., "Analysis of Voltage Profile Problems Due to the Penetration of Distributed Generation in Low-Voltage Secondary Distribution Networks," IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 2020–2028, Jul. 2012. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRD.2012.2209684
A. K. Verma, S. Ajit, and D. R. Karanki, Reliability and Safety Engineering. New York, NY, USA: Springer International Publishing, 2010. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-84996-232-2
M. Rausand and A. Hoyland, System Reliability Theory: Models, Statistical Methods, and Applications, 2nd edition. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2003.
M. Xie, Y.-S. Dai, and K.-L. Poh, Computing System Reliability: Models and Analysis. New York, NY, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004.
E. A. Elsayed, Reliability Engineering, 2nd edition. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2012.
J. Sun, V. Palade, X.-J. Wu, W. Fang, and Z. Wang, "Solving the Power Economic Dispatch Problem With Generator Constraints by Random Drift Particle Swarm Optimization," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 222–232, Oct. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2013.2267392
A. Golshanfard and H. Hashemi-Dezaki, "Sensitivity Analysis of Distribution System Reliability for Identifying the Critical Elements," in 27th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, Yazd, Iran, Dec. 2019, pp. 522–526. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/IranianCEE.2019.8786589
M. Lwin, J. Guo, N. Dimitrov, and S. Santoso, "Protective Device and Switch Allocation for Reliability Optimization With Distributed Generators," IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 449–458, Jan. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSTE.2018.2850805
H. Hashemi-Dezaki, H. Askarian-Abyaneh, A. Shams-Ansari, M. DehghaniSanij, and M. A. Hejazi, "Direct cyber-power interdependencies-based reliability evaluation of smart grids including wind/solar/diesel distributed generations and plug-in hybrid electrical vehicles," International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 93, pp. 1–14, Dec. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2017.05.018
M. Abdelghany and S. Tahar, "Cause-Consequence Diagram Reliability Analysis Using Formal Techniques With Application to Electrical Power Networks," IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 23929–23943, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3051968
H. H. Dezaki, H. A. Abyaneh, Y. Kabiri, H. Nafisi, K. Mazlumi, and H. A. Fakhrabadi, "Optimized protective devices allocation in electric power distribution systems based on the current conditions of the devices," in International Conference on Power and Energy, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Nov. 2010, pp. 577–582. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PECON.2010.5697648
K. Pereira, B. R. Pereira, J. Contreras, and J. R. S. Mantovani, "A Multiobjective Optimization Technique to Develop Protection Systems of Distribution Networks With Distributed Generation," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 7064–7075, Aug. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2018.2842648
Z. Guo, H. Wang, Y. Wang, G. Liu, and Y. Li, "An improved algorithm for power system reliability sensitivity analysis," in 5th International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, Changsha, China, Nov. 2015, pp. 6–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/DRPT.2015.7432200
D. J. Smith, Reliability, Maintainability and Risk: Practical Methods for Engineers including Reliability Centred Maintenance and Safety-Related Systems, 8th ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2011.
R. N. Allan and R. Billinton, Reliability Evaluation of Power Systems, 2nd ed. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2013.
G. Bhatt and S. Affljulla, "Analysis of large scale PV penetration impact on IEEE 39-Bus power system," in 58th International Scientific Conference on Power and Electrical Engineering of Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia, Oct. 2017, pp. 1–6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/RTUCON.2017.8124840
Y. Xu and C. Singh, "Power System Reliability Impact of Energy Storage Integration With Intelligent Operation Strategy," IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 1129–1137, Mar. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2013.2278482
"IEEE SA - IEEE 493-1997," IEEE Standards Association. https://standards.ieee.org/ieee/493/726.
A. Chowdhury and D. Koval, Power Distribution System Reliability: Practical Methods and Applications. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
B. Kekezoglu, O. Arikan, A. Erduman, E. Isen, A. Durusu, and A. Bozkurt, "Reliability analysis of hybrid energy systems: Case study of Davutpasa Campus," in Eurocon, Zagreb, Croatia, Jul. 2013, pp. 1141–1144. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/EUROCON.2013.6625124
S. S. Kar and L. B. Roy, "Probabilistic Based Reliability Slope Stability Analysis Using FOSM, FORM, and MCS," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 8236–8240, Apr. 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4689
B. M. Alshammari, "Probabilistic Evaluation of a Power System’s Reliability and Quality Measures," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 5570–5575, Apr. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3441
S. M. Ghania and A. M. Hashmi, "Transient Overvoltages Simulation Due to the Integration Process of Large Wind and Photovoltaic Farms With Utility Grids," IEEE Access, vol. 9, pp. 43262–43270, 2021. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3065874
Egypt Energy Policy Laws and Regulations Handbook: Volume 1 Strategic Information and Developments. Washington DC, USA-Egypt: International Buisiness Publications, 2015.
M. Boukhalfa, A. Benaissa, M. R. Bengourina, A. Khoudiri, and M. Boudiaf, "Performance Enhancement of the DPC Control Based on a VGPI Controller Applied to a Grid Connected PV System," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 8253–8258, Apr. 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4697
T. Zhang, C. Wang, F. Luo, P. Li, and L. Yao, "Analytical Calculation Method of Reliability Sensitivity Indexes for Distribution Systems Based on Fault Incidence Matrix," Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 325–333, Mar. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35833/MPCE.2018.000750
I. Akhtar, M. Jameel, A. Altamimi, and S. Kirmani, "An Innovative Reliability Oriented Approach for Restructured Power System Considering the Impact of Integrating Electric Vehicles and Renewable Energy Resources," IEEE Access, vol. 10, pp. 52358–52376, 2022. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3174365
M. Z. Kamaruzaman, N. I. A. Wahab, and M. N. M. Nasir, "Reliability Assessment of Power System with Renewable Source using ETAP," in International Conference on System Modeling & Advancement in Research Trends, Moradabad, India, Nov. 2018, pp. 236–242. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/SYSMART.2018.8746980
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 727
PDF Downloads: 423
Copyright (c) 2022 S. Ghania, K. Mahmoud, A. M. Hashmi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.