Optimal Shedding Against Voltage Collapse Based on Genetic Algorithm
Received: 28 August 2021 | Revised: 13 September 2021 | Accepted: 20 September 2021 | Online: 12 October 2021
Corresponding author: M. A. Zdiri
The prevalent tendency in power transmission systems is to operate closer and closer to the energy limit, rendering system voltage instability a commonly widespread phenomenon. It is, therefore, necessary that certain remedial corrective controls need be undertaken whenever these systems tend towards failure. In this respect, load shedding stands as a major correction mechanism and such a failure can be prevented and nominal system voltage can be resumed. It is worth noting however that load shedding must be implemented very carefully to ensure the satisfaction of both the customer and the electricity-production company. In this context, our focus of interest is laid on load and machine shedding against voltage collapse as an effective corrective method. It is important to note that such a problem turns out to be commonly defined as an optimization problem under constraints. Using genetic algorithms as resolution methods, the application of the proposed methods was implemented on the 14-node IEEE test network, while considering a number of different case studies.
Keywords:power transmission, load and machine shedding, voltage collapse, genetic algorithms, 14-node IEEE test network
L. Wei, ''le délestage optimal pour la prévention des grandes pannes d'électricité,'' Thèse à l'institut polytechnique de Grenoble, 2009.
A. Kazemi, and B. Badrzadeh, ''Modeling and Simulation of SVC and TCSC to Study their Limits on Maximum Load ability Point,'' Electrical Power and Energy Systems, vol. 26, pp. 619-626, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2004.04.008
T. Van Cutsem, ''Voltage Instability: Phenomena, Countermeasures, and Analysis Methods,'' Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 88, no.2, pp. 208-227, 2000. https://doi.org/10.1109/5.823999
P. Kundur, and al., ''Definition and classification of power system stability,'' IEEE Trans. Power Syst., vol. 19, no.2, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2004.837227
P. Kundur, ''Power system stability and Control,'' New York: McGraw Hill, 1994.
M. A. Zdiri, B. Bouzidi, and H. HADJ Abdallah, ''Performance investigation of an advanced diagnostic method for SSTPI-fed IM drives under single and multiple open IGBT faults,'' COMPEL International Journal of Computations and Mathematics in Electrical, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 616-641, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1108/COMPEL-04-2018-0181
M. A. Zdiri, B. Bouzidi, and H. HADJ Abdallah, ''Synthesis of an improved diagnosis method for open IGBT faults dedicated to FSTPI fed IM drives," Journal of Electrical Systems, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 314-330, 2019.
M.A. Zdiri, B. Bouzidi, M.B. Ammar, and H.H. Abdallah, "SSTPI-IM Reconfiguration and Diagnostic under OCF Appearance Used in PV System," International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 20-30, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/9505845
M.A. Zdiri, M. Ben Ammar, B. Bouzidi, A. Rabhi, and H.H. Abdallah, "An Advanced Switch Failure Diagnosis Method and Fault Tolerant Strategy in Photovoltaic Boost Converter," Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 48, no. 18, pp. 1932-1944, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1080/15325008.2021.1909182
J. Ford, H. Bevrani, and G. Ledwich, "Adaptive Load Shedding and Regional Protection," International Journal of Electrical Power & Energy Systems, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 611-618, 2009. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijepes.2009.06.004
C. Moors, and T. Van Cutsem, "Determination of Optimal Load Shedding Against Voltage Instability," 13th PSCC Proceedings, Trondheim, pp. 993-1000, 1999.
T.N. Le, H.A. Quyen, T.T.B. Phan, N.A. Nguyen, and T.P. Trieu, "Select Location for Load Shedding In Power System," In 2018 4th International Conference on Green Technology and Sustainable Development (GTSD), pp. 13-17, IEEE, 2018.
Y. Tofis, S. Timotheou, and E. Kyriakides, "Minimal load shedding using the swing equation," IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 32, no. 3, pp.2466-2467, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/TPWRS.2016.2614886
J. Wang, F. Jie, L. Wang, P. Li, Y. Ma, Y. Chen, G. Han, and Z. Chen, "Strategy on Interruptible Load Selection for Precise Load Shedding System of Source-Grid-Load Friendly Interaction System," In 2019 IEEE 3rd Conference on Energy Internet and Energy System Integration (EI2), pp. 1765-1769. IEEE, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/EI247390.2019.9062030
T. Shekari, A. Gholami, F. Aminifar, and M. Sanaye-Pasand, "An adaptive wide-area load shedding scheme incorporating power system real-time limitations," IEEE Systems Journal, vol. 12, no. 1, pp.759-767, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSYST.2016.2535170
C. Wang, H. Yu, L. Chai, H. Liu, and B. Zhu, "Emergency Load Shedding Strategy for Microgrids Based on Dueling Deep Q-Learning," IEEE Access, 9, pp. 19707-19715, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3055401
K. Soleimani, and J. Mazloum, "Designing a GA-Based Robust Controller For Load Frequency Control (LFC)," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 2, 2018. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1592
T.N. LE, and B.L.N. Phung, "Load Shedding in Microgrids with Consideration of Voltage Quality Improvement," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no 1, 2021. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3931
F. A. Alshammari, G. A. Alshammari, T. Guesmi, A. A. Alzamil, B. M. Alshammari, and A. S. Alshammari, "Local Search-based Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm for Optimal Design of Multimachine Power System Stabilizers", Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 7283-7289, 2021. https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.4185
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 349
PDF Downloads: 215
Copyright (c) 2021 M. A. Zdiri, A. S. Alshammari, A. A. Alzamil, M. Ben Ammar, H. H. Abdallah
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.