Manufacturing of Wear Resistant Iron-Steel: A Theoretical and Experimental Research on Wear Behavior
In this study, four different alloys of steel blocks with a thickness of 15mm were manufactured in order to develop an alternative to steel plates used in wear exposed areas of construction machines, trucks, and asphalt production plants. To further increase the wear resistance of the manufactured steel blocks, their thickness was reduced to 10mm by the hot-rolling method. Wear specimens were obtained from rolled blocks. These specimens were abraded at 20N, 40N, and 60N loads in reciprocating linear motion module ASTM G-33 standards to determine their wear resistance. SEM and EDX analyses were also conducted to see modifications on the worn surfaces. In addition, a theoretical model of wear behaviors was created, calculations were made with Archard wear equation and ANSYS software, and the theoretical and experimental results were compared
Keywords:steel plates, wear, hot rolling, Archard wear analysis
N. Baluch, Z. M. Udin, and C. S. Abdullah, “Advanced High Strength Steel in Auto Industry: an Overview,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 686–689, Aug. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.444
H. Ramadas, S. Sarkar, and A. K. Nath, “Three-body dry abrasive wear properties of 15–5 precipitation hardening stainless steel produced by laser powder bed fusion process,” Wear, vol. 470–471, Apr. 2021, Art. no. 203623. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2021.203623
M. Adamiak, G. Jacek, and T. Kik, “Comparison of abrasion resistance of selected constructional materials,” Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 375–380, Dec. 2009.
M. Lindroos, K. Valtonen, A. Kemppainen, A. Laukkanen, K. Holmberg, and V.-T. Kuokkala, “Wear behavior and work hardening of high strength steels in high stress abrasion,” Wear, vol. 322–323, pp. 32–40, Jan. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2014.10.018
O. V. Penkov, M. Khadem, A. Nieto, T.-H. Kim, and D.-E. Kim, “Design and Construction of a Micro-Tribotester for Precise In-Situ Wear Measurements,” Micromachines, vol. 8, no. 4, Mar. 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/mi8040103
L. Y. Ni and P. Liu, “Numerical Simulation and Production Trial of Aluminum Alloy Gear Box Housing,” Applied Mechanics and Materials, vol. 703, pp. 232–236, 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.703.232
P.-H. Huang, J.-K. Kuo, T.-H. Fang, and W. Wu, “Numerical simulation and design of casting system for stainless steel exhaust manifold,” MATEC Web of Conferences, vol. 185, 2018, Art. no. 00008. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201818500008
H.-J. Kwon and H.-K. Kwon, “Computer aided engineering (CAE) simulation for the design optimization of gate system on high pressure die casting (HPDC) process,” Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, vol. 55, pp. 147–153, Feb. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcim.2018.01.003
Z. Wenshan and L. Shuqin, “Design of drive motor of magnetic levitation artificial heart pump combined with magnetic circuit method and finite element method,” Electrical Machinery and Control Applications, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 71–76, 2016.
B. Dai, H. Gong, D. Kong, and Z. Zhou, “Simulation Analysis and Optimization of Die-Casting for Automobile Steering Valve Shell,” Journal of Chongqing University of Technology (Natural Science), vol. 11, 2016.
R. C. Morón et al., “Wear Performance Under Dry and Lubricated Conditions of Post Boriding Heat Treatment in 4140 Steel,” Journal of Tribology, vol. 143, no. 2, Aug. 2020, Art. no. 021702. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4047789
M. Ramadan, “Interface Structure and Elements Diffusion of As-Cast and Annealed Ductile Iron/Stainless Steel Bimetal Castings,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 2709–2714, Apr. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1856
M. I. Pashechko, K. Dziedzic, E. Mendyk, and J. Jozwik, “Chemical and Phase Composition of the Friction Surfaces Fe–Mn–C–B–Si–Ni–Cr Hardfacing Coatings,” Journal of Tribology, vol. 140, no. 2, Oct. 2017, Art. no. 021302. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4037953
M. P. Groover, Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing: Materials, Processes, and Systems, 4th ed. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 2010.
C. Dong, C. Yuan, X. Bai, J. Li, H. Qin, and X. Yan, “Coupling mechanism between wear and oxidation processes of 304 stainless steel in hydrogen peroxide environments,” Scientific Reports, vol. 7, no. 1, May 2017, Art. no. 2327. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-02530-5
J. F. Archard, “Contact and Rubbing of Flat Surfaces,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 981–988, Aug. 1953. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1721448
T. Dyck and A. Bund, “An adaption of the Archard equation for electrical contacts with thin coatings - PDF Free Download,” Tribology International, no. 102, pp. 1–9, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2016.05.005
K. Kato, “Classification of wear mechanisms/models,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology, vol. 216, no. 6, pp. 349–355, Jun. 2002. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1243/135065002762355280
H. Kloß and M. Woydt, “Prediction of Tribological Limits in Sliding Contacts: Flash Temperature Calculations in Sliding Contacts and Material Behavior,” Journal of Tribology, vol. 138, no. 3, May 2016, Art. no. 031403. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4033132
A. P. S. Arunachalam and S. Idapalapati, “Material removal analysis for compliant polishing tool using adaptive meshing technique and Archard wear model,” Wear, vol. 418–419, pp. 140–150, Jan. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2018.11.015
M. A. Mekicha, M. B. de Rooij, T. Mishra, D. T. A. Matthews, L. Jacobs, and D. J. Schipper, “Study of wear particles formation at single asperity contact: An experimental and numerical approach,” Wear, vol. 470–471, Apr. 2021, Art. no. 203644. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wear.2021.203644
M. A. Ashraf, R. Ahmed, O. Ali, N. H. Faisal, A. M. El-Sherik, and M. F. A. Goosen, “Finite Element Modeling of Sliding Wear in a Composite Alloy Using a Free-Mesh,” Journal of Tribology, vol. 137, no. 3, Jul. 2015, Art. no. 031605. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4029998
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 96
PDF Downloads: 75
Copyright (c) 2021 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.