Contribution of FACTS Devices to the Transient Stability Improvement of a Power System Integrated with a PMSG-based Wind Turbine
The increasing penetration of wind energy to the conventional power system due to the rapid growth of energy demand has led to the consideration of different wind turbine generator technologies. In fault conditions, the frequency of the power system decreases and eventually leads to speed differences between the grid and the interconnected wind generator. This can result to power system problems such as transient instability (TS). This paper focuses on enhancing the TS of a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)-based power system during 3ph fault conditions using FACTS devices. The power system considered is connected to a large wind farm which is based on PMSG. Critical clearing time (CCT) is used as an index to evaluate the transient state of the system. Under the study of an IEEE-14 bus system using PSAT as a simulation tool, the integrated CCT with PMSG-based wind turbine is improved with three independent FACTS devices. One of the synchronous generators in the test system has been replaced at random with the PMSG-based wind turbine which is meant to generate an equivalent power. Time domain simulations (TDSs) were carried out considering four study cases. Simulation results show that the (CCT) of the system with the FACTS devices is longer than the CCT without them, which is an indication of TS improvement.
Keywords:critical clearing time, FACTS, generator, transient statbility, wind
M. K. Nigam, S. Singh, C. Francis, “Effects on power system stability due to integration of distributed generation”, Journal of Science and Engineering Education, Vol. 2, pp. 56–60, 2017
N. W. Miller, M. Shao, S. Pajic, R. D. Aquila, Western wind and solar integration study phase 3: Frequency response and transient stability, National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.2172/1167065
A. D. Patel, “A review on FACTS devices for the improvement of transient stability”, Global Journal of Engineering Science and Resources, Vol. 2, No. 12, pp. 85–89, 2015.
M. L. Tuballa, M. L. S. Abundo, “Operational impact of RES penetration on a remote diesel-powered system in west Papua, Indonesia”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 2963–2968, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1984
A. Safaei, S. H. Hosseinian, H. A. Abyaneh, “Enhancing the HVRT and LVRT capabilities of DFIG-based wind turbine in an islanded microgrid”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 2118–2123, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1541
P. Badoni, S. B. Prakash, “Modeling and Simulation of 2 MW PMSG wind energy conversion systems”, IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 53–58, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/1676-09415358
Z. Liu, C. Liu, G. Li, Y. Liu, Y. Liu, “Impact study of PMSG-based wind power penetration on power system transient stability using EEAC theory”, Energies, Vol. 8, No. 12, pp. 13419–13441, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en81212377
Z. Tasneem, M. R. I. Sheikh, “Transient stability improvement of a fixed speed wind driven power systemusing permanent magnet synchronous generator”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 90, pp. 698–703, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.11.797
M. N. I. Sarkar, L. G. Meegahapola, M. Datta, “Reactive power management in renewable rich power grids: A review of grid-codes, renewable generators, support devices, control strategies and optimization algorithms”, IEEE Access, Vol. 6, pp. 41458–41489, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2838563
R. K. Tiwari, K. K. Sharma, “Simulation and modeling of wind turbine using PMSG”, International Journal of Recent Research and Review, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 46–50, 2014
P. Shen, L. Guan, Z. Huang, L. Wu, Z. Jiang, “Active-current control of large-scale wind turbines for power system transient stability improvement”, Energies, Vol. 11, Article ID 1995, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/en11081995
D. Kalpaktsoglou, S. Pouros, K. Kleidis, “Improving the efficiency of a wind turbine using thyristor switched series capacitors: A simulation study”, WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 14, pp. 33–38, 2019
A. A. Hussein, M. H. Ali, “Comparison among series compensators for transient stability enhancement of doubly fed induction generator based variable speed wind turbines”, IET Renewable Power Generation, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 116–126, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-rpg.2015.0055
M. Amroune, T. Bouktir, “Power system transient stability analysis with high wind power penetration”, International Electrical Engineering Journal, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 907–913, 2013
P. A. Aysha, A. Baby, “Transient stability assessment and enhancement in power system”, International Journal of Modern Engineering Research, Vol. 4, No. 9, pp. 61–65, 2014
M. A. Pai, Energy function analysis for power system stability, Kluwers Academic Publishers, 1989 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-1635-0
A. Rolan, A. Luna, G. Vazquez, D. Aguilar, G. Azevedo, “Modeling of a variable speed wind turbine with a permanent magnet synchronous generator”, IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics, Seoul, South Korea, July 5-8, 2009 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2009.5218120
R. Jadeja, S. Patel, S. Chauhan, “STATCOM: A preface to power quality in power systems performance”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 895–905, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.603
M. A. Husain, A. Tariq, “Modeling and study of a standalone PMSG wind generation system using MATLAB/SIMULINK”, Universal Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 7, pp. 270–277, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.13189/ujeee.2014.020702
B. T. R. Rao, P. Chanti, N. Lavanya, S. C. Sekhar, Y. M. Kumar, “Power system stability enhancement using fact devices”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Applications, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 339–344, 2014
M. Y. A. Khan, U. Khalil, H. Khan, A. Uddin, S. Ahmed, “Power flow control by unified power flow controller”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 3900–3904, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2587
R. Chavan, R. S. Lodhi, “Selection of FACTs devices for better reactive power compensation through capacitor”, International Journal of Engineering and Techniques, Vol. 2, No. 5, pp. 28–35, 2016
A. S. Yome, N. Mithulananthan, K. Y. Lee, “Static voltage stability margin enhancement using STATCOM, TCSC and SSSC”, IEEE/PES Transmission & Distribution Conference & Exposition: Asia and Pacific, Dalian, China, August 18, 2005
K. G. Damor, D. M. Patel, V. Agrawal, H. G. Patel, “Comparison of different fact devices”, International Journal of Science Technology & Engineering, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 12-17, 2014
A. S. Telang, P. P. Bedekar, “Application of voltage stability indices for proper placement of STATCOM under load increase scenario”, International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 7, pp. 998–1003, 2016
I. A. Samuel, A new voltage stability index for predicting voltage collapse in electrial power system networks, Covenant University, 2017
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 409
PDF Downloads: 286
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.