The Influence of Coconut Fiber on the Compressive and Flexural Strength of Paving Blocks

Authors

  • R. Mudiyono Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung, Indonesia
  • S. Sudarno Department of Civil Engineering, Universitas Tidar, Indonesia http://orcid.org/0000-0001-7247-7164
Volume: 9 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 4702-4705 | October 2019 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3008

Abstract

The aim of this study is to determine the influence of coconut coir fiber on the compressive and flexural strength of paving blocks. The research was carried out using paving blocks with dimensions of 20cm×10cm×6cm, mixed with coir fiber by 0%, 0.1%, 0.2%, and 0.3% by weight. The results showed that no addition of coconut coir fiber resulted in compressive strength of 24.49Mpa, while the addition of 0.1% coconut coir fiber resulted in compressive strength of 25.39Mpa after 7 days. A mixture with no coconut coir fiber resulted in flexural strength of 31.5Mpa while the addition of 0.1% coconut coir fiber gave a flexural strength of 33Mpa in the age of 14 days. The conclusion of this study is that the addition of 0.1% coconut coir fiber in a paving block mixture can increase its compressive and flexural strength.

Keywords:

coconut coir fiber, paving block, compressive strength, flexural strength

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

M. Qomaruddin, S. Sudarno, “Influence of bottom-ash mixed with gypsum as concrete bricks for wall construction material”, Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 109-114, 2018

I. P. Hastuty, I. S. S. Nursyamsi, ”Comparison of Compressive Strength of Pavingblock with a Mixture of Sinabung Ash and Pavingblock with a Mixture of Lime”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 309, Article ID 012011, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/309/1/012011

S. I. Zia, “Use of coconut fiber concrete”, International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol. 2, No. 6, pp. 235-237, 2015

A. Abdullah, S. B. Jamaludin, M. M. Noor, K. Hussin, “Composite cement reinforced coconut fiber: Physical and mechanical properties and fracture behaviour”, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Vol. 5, No. 7, pp. 1228-1240, 2011

A. N. Ede, A. O. Ige, “Optimal polypropylene fiber content for improved compressive and flexural strength of concrete”, IOSR Journal of Mechanical and Civil Engineering, Vol. 11, No. 3, pp. 129-135, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/1684-1134129135

N. M. S. Hasan, H. R. Sobuz, M. S. Sayed, M. S. Islam, “The use of coconut fibre in the production of structural lightweight concrete”, Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 9, pp. 831-839, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/jas.2012.831.839

M. A. Aziz, P. Paramasivam, S. L. Lee, “Concrete reinforced with natural fibres”, in: Concrete Technology and Design Vol. 2: New Reinforced Concretes, pp. 107-140, Surrey University Press, 1984

C. Asasutjarit, J. Hirrunlabh, J. Khedari, M. Paguenet, D. Quenard, “Coconut Coir Cement Board”, 10th International Conference on the Durability of Building Materials and Components, Lyon, France, April 17-20, 2005

P. Paramasivam, G. K. Nathan, N. C. D. Gupta, “Coconut fibre reinforced corrugated slabs”, International Journal Cement Composites Lightweight Concrete, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 19-27, 1984 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0262-5075(84)90056-3

M. Brahmakumar, C. Pavithran, R. M. Pillai, “Coconut fibre reinforced polyethylene composites: Effect of natural waxy surface layer of the fibre on fibre/matrix interfacial bonding and strength of composites”, Composites Science and Technology, Vol. 65, No. 3-4, pp. 563-569, 2005 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2004.09.020

A. H. Chkheiwer, “Improvement of concrete paving blocks properties by mineral additions”, Journal of Babylon University/Engineering Sciences, Vol. 25, No. 1, pp. 157-164, 2017

O. Owolabi, T. Czvikovszky, I. Kovacs, “Coconut fibre reinforced thermosetting plastics”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 30, No. 5, pp. 1827–1836, 1985 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/app.1985.070300504

D. Verma, P. C. Gope, “The use of coir/coconut fibers as reinforcements in composites”, in Biofiber Reinforcements in Composite Materials, Woodhead Publishing, pp. 285-319, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1533/9781782421276.3.285

E. A. Olanipekun, K. O. Olusola, O. Ata, “A comparative study of concrete properties using coconut shell and palm kernel shell as coarse aggregates”, Building and Environment, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 297-301, 2006 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2005.01.029

V. Anggraini, A. Asadi, B. B. K. Huat, H. Nahazanan, “Effects of coir fibers on tensile and compressive strength of lime treated soft soil”, Measurement, Vol. 59, pp. 372-381, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2014.09.059

A. Y. Adeyemi, “An investigation into the suitability of coconut shells as aggregates in concrete production”, Journal of Environment Design and Management, Vol. 1, pp. 17-26, 1998

K. G. Satyanarayana, C. K. S. Pillai, K. Sukumaran, S. G. K. Pillai, P. K. Rohatgi, K. Vijayan, “Structure property studies of fibres from various parts of the coconut tree”, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 17, No. 8, pp. 2453–2462, 1982 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00543759

K. Gunasekaran, P. S. Kumar, “Lightweight Concrete Using Coconut Shells as Aggregate”, International Conference on Advances in Concrete and Construction, Hyderabad, India, February 7-9, 2008

A. N. Ede, J. O. Agbede, “Use of coconut husk fiber for improved compressive and flexural strength of con-crete”, International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, Vol. 6, No. 2, pp. 968-974, 2015

S. S. Munawar, K. Umemura, S. Kawai, “Characterization of the morphological, physical, and mechanical properties of seven nonwood plant fibre bundles”, Journal of Wood Science, Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 108-113, 2007 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10086-006-0836-x

R. Shikha, A. K. Saxena, A. K. Jha, “Evaluation of compressive strength of concrete using coconut coir fibre”, International Journal for Research in Applied Science & Engineering Technology, Vol. 3, No. 9, pp. 313-317, 2015

Downloads

How to Cite

[1]
R. Mudiyono and S. Sudarno, “The Influence of Coconut Fiber on the Compressive and Flexural Strength of Paving Blocks”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4702–4705, Oct. 2019.

Metrics

Abstract Views: 641
PDF Downloads: 315 Untitled Downloads: 0

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share