The Effect of Mass, Depth, and Properties of the Soil Below the Raft Foundation on the Seismic Performance of R.C. Plane Frames
Soil structure interaction has been the subject of numerous studies. The foundation soil has a definite effect on the performance of structures during seismic excitation. Recent studies show that the effect of soil-structure interaction SSI may be detrimental to the structure during seismic excitation. In this study, the effect of consideration of the soil below foundation and its depth, and the soil modulus of elasticity on the response of structures is investigated. The number of mode shapes considered has an effect on the accuracy of the values of structure response. A structural model consisting of an 8-story reinforced concrete frame resting on raft foundation, and including the soil below the raft is analyzed. The frame is analyzed using SAP2000 software, and time history and modal analysis are carried out with varying values of both soil depth and soil modulus of elasticity. The soil below the foundation is connected to the raft elements by gap links. Gap element links are compression–only members with appropriate stiffness, which are active only in compression. Modal analysis results show that the periods of vibration decrease as the modulus of elasticity of the soil increases. Periods of vibration of the frame without the soil mass consideration are less than those when the soil mass below the raft is considered, and they increase with increased depth of foundation to a certain limit. The structures response in the form of columns shear forces and story displacements are also evaluated under the variable parameters considered.
Keywords:SSI, soil mass depth, number of mode shapes, seismic, period of vibration, soil modulus of elasticity, column shear force, story displacement, gap link
B. Fatahi, S. H. R. Tabatabaiefar, B. Samali, “Soil-structure interaction vs site effect for seismic design of tall buildings on soft soil”, Geomechanics and Engineering, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 293-320, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.12989/gae.2014.6.3.293
S. E. Abdel Raheem, M. M. Ahmed, T. M. A. Alazrak, “Evaluation of soil–foundation–structure interaction effects on seismic response demands of multi-story MRF buildings on raft foundations”, International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 11-30, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40091-014-0078-x
B. Moczar, Z. Polgar, A. Mahler, “A comparative study of soil-structure interaction in the case of frame structures with raft foundation”, Materials and Geoenvironment, Vol. 63, No. 1, pp. 1-8, 2016 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/rmzmag-2016-0001
B. Fatahi, S. H. Reza Tabatabaifar, A. S. Hokmabadi, B. Samali, “Significance of Bedrock Depth in Dynamic Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis for Moment Resisting Frames”, 2nd International Conference On Performance-Based Design In Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, Taormina, Italy, May 28-30, 2012
O. A. Lopez, M. Cruz, “Number of modes for the seismic design of buildings”, Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, Vol. 25, No. 8, pp. 837-855, 1996 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1096-9845(199608)25:8<837::AID-EQE585>3.0.CO;2-L
M. Papadopoulos, R. Van Beeumen, S. Francois, G. Degrande, G. Lombaert, “Computing the modal characteristics of structures considering soil-structure interaction effects”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 199, pp. 2414–2419, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.09.296
R. Obrzud, A. Truty, The Hardening Soil Model –A Practical Guidebook, Zace Services Ltd, 2012
S. Lamar, C. Fortoul, “Brick Masonry Effect in Vibrations of Frames”, in: Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 2, pp. 91-98, 1969
A. K., Chopra, Dynamics of Structures Theory and Applications to Earthquake Engineering, Prentice Hall, 2017
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 319
PDF Downloads: 228
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.