Evaluation of the Mechanical Behavior of Local Brick Masonry in Pakistan
Masonry is the oldest form of construction in the world . Research shows that it is the most widely used construction material in Pakistan and it has remained as such for more than the past hundred years. The majority of buildings in Pakistan are load-bearing burnt-brick masonry structures. Unfortunately, the brick masonry structures in Pakistan are not designed with respect to any regulatory code, because none exist. Consequently, these structures are not constructed according to a safe design and thus become hazardous and often face considerable damage and sometimes prove to be fatal. This study aims to study the behavior of local brick masonry under normal, shear and thermally challenging conditions and to model its behavior by relating the crushing strength (f’m) to the height-to-thickness ratio and temperature.
Keywords:brick masonry, elevated temperature, stress-strain diagram
A. Khan, C. Lemmen, “Bricks and urbanism in the Indus valley, rise and decline”, available at: https://arxiv.org/pdf/1303.1426.pdf, 2013
T. Kaaki, Behaviour and Strength of Masonry Prisms Loaded in Compression, Dalhousie University, 2013
D. Tensing, C. C. Freeda, S. R. Mercy, “Experimental study on axial compressive strength and elastic modulus of the clay and fly ash brick masonry”, Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 134-141, 2013
S. H. Lodi, “Brick masonry in Pakistan”, International Conference on Sustainable Development in Civil Engineering, Jamshoro, Pakistan, November 21-25, 2017.
S. H. Lodi, A. J. Sangi, A. Abdullah, Housing Report: Brick Masonry Construction in Pakistan, World Housing Encyclopedia, 2013
S. Khoso, F. H. Wagan, J. S. Khan, N. u. K. Bhatti, A. A. Ansari, “Qualitative analysis of baked clay bricks available in Larkana region, Pakistan”, Architecture–Civil Engineering–Environment, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 41-50, 2014
M. A. Rahemia, A. A. Tasnimib, A. Sarvghad-Moghadam, “Micro-modeling of masonry infilled rc moment resisting frames to investigate arrangement of compressive diagonal struts”, IJE Transaxtions C: Aspects, Vol. 27, No. 6, pp. 865-880, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.ije.2014.27.06c.05
S. Ravi, S. Viswanathan, T. Nagarajan, V. Srinivas, P. Narayanan, “Experimental and Numerical Investigations on Material Behaviour of Brick Masonry”, 2nd International Conference on Research in Science, Engineering and Technology, Dubai, UAE, March 21-22, 2014
S. R. Sarhat, E. G. Sherwood, “The prediction of compressive strength of ungrouted hollow concrete block masonry”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 58, pp. 111-121, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.01.025
S. Viswanathan, S. Ravi, T. Nagarajan, V. Srinivas, P. Narayanan, “Numerical Simulation of Compression and Shear Behaviour of Unreinforced Brick Masonry”, International Conference on Biological, Civil and Environmental Engineering, Dubai, UAE, March 17-18, 2014
H. S. Vindhyashree, A. Rahamath, W. P. Kumar, M. T. Kumar, “Numerical simulation of masonry prism test using ANSYS and ABAQUS”, International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 7, pp. 1019-1027, 2015 DOI: https://doi.org/10.17577/IJERTV4IS070814
R. Langenbach, “Recovering the Lost Moment: How Timber-Laced Masonry May Hold the Secret to Stopping Pancake Collapse of Concrete Moment Frames”, First South Asia Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Karachi, Pakistan, February 21-22, 2019
Bureu of Indian Standards, IS 1905 (1987): Code of Practice for Structural use of Unreinforced Masonry, Bureu of Indian Standards, 2010
Bureu of Indian Standards, IS 3495-1 (1992): Methods of Tests of Burnt Clay Buildind Bricks, Bureu of Idian Standards, 1992
Bureu of Indian Standards, IS 4031-6 (1988): Methods of Physical Tests for Hydraulic Cement, 2006
British Standards Institution, BS EN 1052-1:1999, Methods of test for masonry. Determination of compressive strength, BSI, 1999
British Standards Institution, EN_1052-3: 2002, Methods of test for masonry. Determination of initial shear strength, 2002
L. T. Phan, N. J. Carino, “Code provisions for high strength concrete strength-temperature relationship at elevated temperatures”, Materials and Structures, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 91-98, 2003 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02479522
How to Cite
MetricsAbstract Views: 365
PDF Downloads: 218
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.