Modeling and Validation of 2-DOF Rail Vehicle Model Based on Electro–Mechanical Analogy Theory Using Theoretical and Experimental Methods

F. Pehlivan, C. Mizrak, I. Esen


This paper presents theoretical and experimental results on modeling and simulation of two degrees of freedom rail vehicle by using electro-mechanical similarity theory. In this study, the equations of motion were derived using Newton’s second law of motion and then mechanical and equivalent electrical circuits were obtained with the help of a free body diagram. A schema in Simulink allowing analyzing of the behavior of the primary and secondary suspension was created. In order to verify the electrical model, transfer function and schema were developed in Simulink. The simulation results were compared with the experimental data and the comparison showed that the results of the mechanical experiments were close to the simulation results, but the electrical results showed better periodic behavior.


electro-mechanical analogy; equivalent electrical circuit; modeling; simulation; simulink; vehicle; suspension

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