Electric Ferry Ecosystem for Sustainable Inter-Island Transport in Philippines: A Pilot Study

E. V. Palconit, M. L. S. Abundo

Abstract


An electric boat system as a pilot study for the electric ferry was designed and field-tested in Samal Island, Philippines, to verify sustainability for inter-island transport. This pilot study uses 4.5m monohull with a displacement weight of 343kg. During the experiment, two cases were compared: in the first case the boat was powered solely with batteries and in the other case with the aid of photovoltaic (PV) modules. For the first case, 24V electric propulsion was driven by two 12V, 100Ah batteries, which resulted to a navigational range of around 18, 16 and 15 trips with energy consumption of 111.64Wh, 117.19Wh and 123.92Wh respectively. In the second case, the photovoltaic modules were attached on the boat to supplement the PV used while on sail. Results in the second case showed that PV module supplemented energy was about to 13.4%, 26.8% and 38.7% using three different speeds like 3.18, 3.32 and 3.84knots and the navigational range extended to 4km, 1km, and 14.4km respectively. Therefore, the electric boat with the aid of PV module answers the problem in the energy management system that deals with the sustainability of the system in the inter-island transport in Philippines.


Keywords


batteries; electric propulsion; electric boat; photovoltaic module

Full Text:

PDF

References


A. Garcia-Olivares, J. Sole, O. Osychenko, “Transportation in a 100% renewable energy system”, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 158, pp. 266-285, 2018

E. Gagatsi, T. Estru, A. Halatsis, “Exploring the potentials of electrical waterborne transport in Europe: the E-ferry concept”, Transportation Research Procedia, Vol. 124, pp. 1571-1580, 2016

C. Postilione, D. A. Collier, B. S. Dupezak, M. L. Heldwein, A. J. Perin, “Propulsion System for an All Electric Passenger Boat employing Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors and Modern Power Electronic”, 2012 Electrical Systems for Aircraft, Railway and Ship Propulsion, Bologna, Italy, October 16-18, 2012

C. E. Thomas, “Fuel Cell and Battery Electric Vehicles Compared”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 34, No. 15, pp. 6005-6020, 2009

S. L. Kabir, I. Alam, R. Khan, K. S. Rahman, N. Amin, “Solar Powered Ferry Boat for the Rural Area of Bangladesh”, International Conference on Advances in Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Putrajaya, Malaysia, November 14-16, 2016

G. S. Spagnolo, D. Papalillo, A. Martocchia, G. Makary, “Solar-Electric Boat”, Journal of Transportation Technologies, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp. 144-149, 2012

A. Makhsoos, H. Mousazadeh, S. S. Mohtasebi, M. Abdollahzadeh, H. Jafarbiglu, E. Omrani, A. Kiapey, “Design, simulation and experimental evaluation of energy system for an Unmanned Surface Vehicle”, Energy, Vol. 148, pp. 362-372, 2018

B. Guellard, X. De Montgros, P. P. De La Barriere, G. Wolfensberger, P. D'Olivera, “An overview of electric and solar boats market in France”, 27th International Electric Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition, Barcelona, Spain, November 17-20, IEEE, 2013

M. C. Ozden, E. Demir, “The Successful Design and Construction of Solar/Electric Boats Nusrat and Muavenet: An Overview”, Ecologic Vehicles Renewable Energies, Monaco, March 26-29, 2009

H. Fathabadi, “Novel battery/photovoltaic hybrid power source for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles”, Solar Energy, Vol. 159, pp. 243-250, 2018

Samal Islands Philippines, Samal Geography & Climate, available at: http://davao.islandsphilippines.com/samal/samalisland_geography.php

Maritime Industry Authority, 2012-2016 MARINA Statistical Report, available at: http://marina.gov.ph/statistical-report, 2016

Data collected from https://www.gpscoordinates.eu/show-gps-coordinates.php

M. E. Meral, F. Dincer, “A review of the factor affecting operation and efficiecncy of photovoltaic based electricity generation systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 15, No. 5, pp. 2176-2184, 2011

X. Z. Gao, Z. X. Hou, Z. Guo, X. Q. Chen, “Review of methods to extract and store energy for solar-powered aircraft”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 44, pp. 96-108, 2014

O. Z. Sharaf, M. F. Orhan, “Concentrated photovoltaic thermal solar collector systems: Part I- Fundamentals, design considerations and current technologies”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 50, pp. 1500-1565, 2015

T. M. Razykov, C. S. Ferekides, D. Morel, E. Stefanakos, H. S. Ullal, H. M. Upadhyaya, “Solar phovoltaic electricity: Current status and future prospects”, Solar Enegry, Vol. 85, No. 8, pp. 1580-1608, 2011

P. Yadav, B. Tripathi, K. Pandey, M. Kumar, “Investigating the charge transport kinetics in poly-crystalline silicon solar cells for low-concentration illumination by impedance spectroscopy”, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, Vol. 133, pp. 105-112, 2015

F. I. Chowdhury, A. Alnuaimi, N. El-Atab, M. Nayfeh, A. Nayfeh, “Enhance performance of thin-film amorphous silicon solar cell with a top film of 2.85 silicon nanoparticle”, Solar Energy, Vol. 125, pp. 332-338, 2016

V. Vijayakumar, D. P. Birnie III, “Optical electronic simulation of gallium arsenide /silicon tandem four terminal solar cells”, Solar Energy, Vol. 97, pp. 85-92, 2013

Data collected from the Atmospheric Science Data Center, available at: https://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov

N. Ponkarthik, K. K. Murugavel, “Performance enhancement of solar photovoltaic system using novel”, Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol. 60, pp. 1-5, 2014

A. El Amrani, M. El Amraoui, A. El Abbassi, C. Messaoudi, “Nonlinear phenomenon in monocrystalline silicon based PV module for low power power system: Lead acid battery low energy storage”, Superlattices and Microstructures, Vol. 75, pp. 39-46, 2014

CAT, Marine Analyst Service Handbook, Caterpillar, 2001

R. Reabroy, Y. Tiaple, S. Pongduang, T. Nantawong, P. Iamraksa, “The Possibility of using Electrical Motor for Boat Propulsion System”, Energy Procedia, Vol. 79, pp. 1008-1014, 2015




eISSN: 1792-8036     pISSN: 2241-4487