Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(styrene)-block-Poly(acrylic acid) and Organoclay Based Hybrid Composite Materials


  • S. H. Soomro Institute of Chemistry, Shah Abdul Latif University, Pakistan
  • M. Sanaullah Institute of Geology, University of the Punjab, Pakistan
  • N. Zaman National Centre of Excellence in Analytical Chemistry, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan
  • A. Q. Laghari Department of Chemical Engineering, Mehran University of Engineering & Technology, Pakistan
  • N. B. Jalbani Department of Chemical Engineering, Quaid-e-Awam University of Engineering, Science and Technology, Pakistan
  • K. Mirza Institute of Geology, University of the Punjab, Pakistan
  • E. A. Abbasi University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan
Volume: 8 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 3411-3415 | October 2018 |


Abstract—Polystyrene (PS) and polyacrylic acid (PAA) are organic and synthetic polymers. Generally, a composite needs a matrix and reinforcement. Montmorillonite (MMT) is used as reinforcement to form a hybrid matrix by ultra-sonication. Block polymers of PS and PAA were first synthesized and then hybrid nanocomposite material of synthesized block polymeric matrix was fabricated by incorporating organoclay as reinforcement through 6 and 12 hours of ultra-sonication. The characterizations of the hybrid nanocomposite material were done by UV-visible and infrared (IR) spectroscopy, which confirm the successful synthesis of PS and PAA block polymer. The UV-visible spectroscopic measurements revealed that hybrid composite material is different from PS-block-PAA and that absorbance increases on increasing concentration. After successful ultra-sonication the hybrid composite is analyzed through scan electron microscopy (SEM) regarding surface morphology, distribution, uniformity, porosity, matrix compatibility, and matrix reinforcements. Sonication (for 6 hours) demonstrates a heterogeneous porous surface and an increase in roughness and porosity of surface morphology at different optical zooms.


poly(acrylic acid), poly(styrene), block polymer, montmorillonite (MMT), exfoliation


Download data is not yet available.


F. J. Doucet, C. Schneider, S. J. Bones, A. Kretchmer, I. Moss, P. Tekely, C. Exley, “The formation of hydroxyaluminosilicates of geochemical and biological significance”, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 65, No. 15, pp. 2461-2467, 2001 DOI:

A. J. Erwin, W. Xu, H. He, K. Matyjaszewski, V. V. Tsukruk, “Linear and Star Poly (ionic liquid) Assemblies, Surface Monolayers and Multilayers”, Langmuir,Vol. 33, No. 13, pp. 3187-3199, 2017 DOI:

C. Liu, H. Qin, P. T. Mather, “Review of progress in shape-memory polymers”, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 17, No. 16, pp. 1543-1558, 2007 DOI:

C. Sanchez, P. Belleville, M. Popall, L. Nicole, “Applications of advanced hybrid organic–inorganic nanomaterials from laboratory to market”, Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 696-753, 2011 DOI:

H. Buhl, Advanced Aerospace Materials, Springer-Verlag, 2012

Z. Spitalsky, D. Tasis, K. Papagelis, C. Galiotis, “Carbon nanotube–polymer composites: chemistry, processing, mechanical and electrical properties”, Progress in Polymer Science, Vol. 35, No. 3, pp. 357-401, 2010 DOI:

R. N. Boyd, “Introduction”, in: Stardust, Supernovae and the Molecules of Life, Springer Science & Business Media, 2012 DOI:

C. E. Carraher Jr, Carraher's Polymer Chemistry, CRC Press, 2010 DOI:

Q. Chaudhry, L. Castle, R. Watkins, Nanotechnologies in Food, RSC Publishing, 2017 DOI:

M. Zebarjadi, G. Joshi, G. Zhu, B. Yu, A. Minnich, Y. Lan, X. Wang, M. Dresselhaus, Z. Ren, G. Chen, “Power factor enhancement by modulation doping in bulk nanocomposites”, Nano Letters, Vol. 11, No. 6, pp. 2225-2230, 2011 DOI:

D. Rawtani, Y. K. Agrawal, “Multifarious applications of halloysite nanotubes: A review”, Reviews on Advanced Materials Science, Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 282-295, 2012

K. N. Prasad, B. Yang, M. Zhao, N. Ruenroengklin, Y. Jiang, “Application Of Ultrasonication Or High‐Pressure Extraction Of Flavonoids From Litchi Fruit Pericarp”, Journal of Food Process Engineering, Vol. 32, No. 6 , pp. 828-843, 2009 DOI:

S. Q. Xie, J. Wan, B. R. Lu, Y. Sun, Y. Chen, X. P. Qu, R. Liu, “A nanoimprint lithography for fabricating SU-8 gratings for near-infrared to deep-UV application”, Microelectronic Engineering, Vol. 85, No. 5, pp. 914-917, 2008 DOI:

J. Yang, S. Z. He, L. Q. Wang, “Dynamic balancing of a centrifuge: application to a dual-rotor system with very little speed difference”, Modal Analysis, Vol. 10, No. 7, pp. 1029-1040, 2004 DOI:

J. Lamontagne, P. Dumas, V. Mouillet, J. Kister, “Comparison by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy of different ageing techniques: application to road bitumens”, Fuel, Vol. 80, No. 4, pp. 483-488, 2001 DOI:

J. Meng, “Understanding cultural influence on price perception: empirical insights from a SEM application”, Journal of Product & Brand Management, Vol. 20, No. 7, pp. 526-540, 2011 DOI:


How to Cite

S. H. Soomro, “Synthesis and Characterization of Poly(styrene)-block-Poly(acrylic acid) and Organoclay Based Hybrid Composite Materials”, Eng. Technol. Appl. Sci. Res., vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 3411–3415, Oct. 2018.


Abstract Views: 403
PDF Downloads: 254

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share

Most read articles by the same author(s)