Solving Cell Placement Problem Using Harmony Search Algorithms

R. M. Al Qasem, S. M. Massadeh


Cell placement is a phase in the chip design process, in which cells are assigned to physical locations. A placement algorithm is a way that satisfies the objectives and minimizes the total area while keeping enough space for routing. Cell placement is an NP-complete problem of very large size. In order to solve this problem, diversified heuristic algorithms are used. In this work, a new algorithm is proposed based on the harmony search algorithm. The harmony search algorithm mimics music improvisation process to find the optimal solution. Cell placement problem has many constraints, so in this work, the harmony search algorithm is modified to adapt to these constraints. Experiment results show that this algorithm is efficient for solving cell placement and is characterized by good performance, solution quality and likelihood of optimality.


optimization; harmony search ; cell placement

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