MANETS and Internet of Things: The Development of a Data Routing Algorithm

I. A. Alameri


Internet of things (IoT), is an innovative technology which allows the connection of physical things with the digital world through the use of heterogeneous networks and communication technologies. IoT in smart environments interacts with wireless sensor network (WSN) and mobile ad‐hoc network (MANET), becoming even more attractive and economically successful. Interaction between wireless sensor and mobile ad‐hoc networks with the internet of things allows the creation of a new MANET‐IoT systems and IT‐based networks. Such systems give the user greater mobility and reduce costs. At the same time new challenging issues are opened in networking aspects. In this work, author proposed a routing solution for the IoT system using a combination of MANET protocols and WSN routing principles. The presented results of solution's investigation provide an effective approach to efficient energy consumption in the global MANET‐IoT system. That is a step forward to a reliable provision of services over global future internet infrastructure.


IoT; MANET; dynamic routing; wireless sensor network

Full Text:



I. A. Alameri, G. Radchenko, “Development of Student Information Management System based on Cloud Computing Platform” Journal of Applied Computer Science & Mathematics, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. :4-19, 2017

ITU‐T/Recommendation Y.2060, Overview of the Internet of Things, available at:, 2013

M. B. M. Kamel, I. Alameri, A. N. Onaizah, “STAODV: A Secure and Trust based Approach to Mitigate Blackhole Attack on AODV based MANET”, IEEE 2nd Advanced Information Technology, Electronic and Automation Control Conference, pp. 1278-1282, 2017

S. Kumar, S. Kumar, “Study of MANET: Characteristics, Challenges, Application and Security Attacks”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 5, pp. 252-257, 2013

Z. Hussain, R. Balakrishna, “A survey on Manets‐Types, Characteristics, Applications and Protocols used”, National Conference on Frontiers and Advances in Information Science and Technology, 2013.

P. Nayak, R. Agrawal, S. Verma, “Energy Aware Routing Scheme for Mobile Ad Hoc Network Using Variable Range Transmission”, International Journal of Ad Hoc, Sensor & Ubiquitous Computing, Vol 3, No. 4, pp. 53-63, 2012

S. Agrawal, M. Lal Das, “Internet of Things — A Paradigm Shift of Future Internet Applications”, Nirma University International Conference on Engineering; pp. 1–7, 2011

O. Vermesan, P. Friess, (eds), Internet of Things: Converging Technologies for Smart Environments and Integrated Ecosystems, River Publishers, 2013

P. Suresh, J. Vijay Daniel, V. Parthasarathy, R. H. Aswathy, “A State of the Art Review on the Internet of Things (IoT) History, Technology and Fields of Deployment”, International Conference on Science Engineering and Management Research, pp. 1–8, 2014

D. Miorandi, S. Sicari, F. De Pellegrini, I. Chlamtac, “Internet of Things: Vision, Applications and Research Challenges”, Ad Hoc Networks, Vol. 10, No. 7, pp. 1497-1516, 2012

J. Gubbia, R. Buyyab, S. Marusica, M. Palaniswamia, “Internet of Things (IoT): A Vision, Architectural Elements, and Future Directions”, Future Generation Computer Systems, Vol. 29, No. 7, pp. 1645-1660, 2013

P. Bellavista, G. Cardone, A. Corradi, L. Foschini, “Convergence of MANET and WSN in IoT Urban Scenarios”, IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 13, No. 10, pp. 3558-3567, 2013

G. S. Yovanof, G. N. Hazapis, “An Architectural Framework and Enabling Wireless Technologies for Digital Cities & Intelligent Urban Environments”, Wireless Personal Communications, Vol. 49, No. 3m pp. 445-463, 2009

N. Bessis, F. Xhafa, D. Varvarigou, R. Hill, M. Li, (eds), Internet of Things and Intercooperative Computational Technologies for Collective Intelligence, Springer‐Verlag, 2013

M. Potnuru, P. Ganti, Wireless Sensor Networks: Issues, Challenges and Survey of Solutions, available at:


B. Bhuyan, H. Kumar, D. Sarma, N. Sarma, A. Kar, R. Mall, “Quality of Service (QoS) Provisions in Wireless Sensor Networks and Related Challenges”, Wireless Sensor Network, Vol. 2, No. 11, pp. 861-868, 2010

M. Rath, U. P. Rout, “Analysis and Study of Security Aspect and Application Related Issues at the junction of MANET and IoT”, International Journal of Research in Engineering and Technology, Vol. 4, No. 13, pp. 426-430, 2015

A. Boukerche, B. Turgut, N. Aydin, M. Z. Ahmad, L. Boloni, D. Turgut, “Routing Protocols in Ad Hoc Networks: A Survey”, Computer Networks, Vol. 55, No. 13, pp. 3032-3080, 2011

L. Hanzo, R. Tafazolli, “A Survey of QoS Routing Solutions for Mobile Ad hoc Networks”, IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 50-70, 2007

K. Akkaya, M. Younis, “A Survey on Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks”, Ad Hoc Networks, Vol. 3, No. 3, pp. 325-346, 2005

Y. Tian, R. Hou, “An Improved AOMDV Routing Protocol for Internet of Things”, International Conference on Computational Intelligence and Software Engineering, pp. 10–12, 2010

T. Tsvetkov, “RPL: IPv6 Routing Protocol for Low Power and Lossy Networks”, Network Architectures and Services, Vol. 2011, No. July, pp. 59–66, 2011

T. Chan, C. Chen, Y. Huang, J. Lin, T. Chen, “Optimal Cluster Number Selection in Ad‐hoc Wireless Sensor Networks”, WSEAS Transactions on Communications, Vol. 7, No. 8, pp. 837-846, 2008

eISSN: 1792-8036     pISSN: 2241-4487