Hydrogen Gas Production in a Stand-Alone Wind Farm

  • M. Naziry Kordkandy National Iranian Gas Transmission Company-8th District of Gas Transmission Operation (NIGTC-DIST8), Tabriz, Iran
  • A. Arash Department of Electrical Engineering, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran
  • M. Nazary Kordkandy Faculty of Electrical & Computer Engineering, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
Volume: 7 | Issue: 2 | Pages: 1444-1449 | April 2017 | https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.991

Abstract

This paper is analyzing the operation of a stand-alone wind farm with variable speed turbines, permanent magnet synchronous generators (PMSG) and a system for converting wind energy during wind speed variations. On this paper, the design and modeling of a wind system which uses PMSG’s to provide the required power of a hydrogen gas electrolyzer system, is discussed. This wind farm consists of three wind turbines, boost DC-DC converters, diode full bridge rectifiers, permanent magnet synchronous generators, MPPT control and a hydrogen gas electrolyzer system. The MPPT controller based on fuzzy logic is designed to adjust the duty ratio of the boost DC-DC converters to absorb maximum power. The proposed fuzzy logic controller assimilates, with (PSF) MPPT algorithm which generally used to absorb maximum power from paralleled wind turbines and stores it in form of hydrogen gas. The system is modeled and its behavior is studied using the MATLAB software.

Keywords: wind turbine, fuzzy logic, hydrogen, PMSG, MPPT

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

L. Barote, C. Marinescu, M. N. Cirstea. “Control structure for single-phase stand-alone wind-based energy sources”, IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. 764-72, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2012.2206346

H. Zhao, Q. Wu, C. N. Rasmussen, M. Blanke, “L1 Adaptive Speed Control of a Small Wind Energy Conversion System for Maximum Power Point Tracking” , IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 576-584, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2014.2312978

H. Kaneuchi, T. Yachi, T. Tani, “Effect of an EDLC in a wind turbine system for hydrogen production” , 29th IEEE International Conference on Telecommunications Energy (INTELEC), Rome, October, 2007

K. Koiwa, R. Takahashi, J. Tamura, “A study of hydrogen production in stand-alone wind farm”, 2012 International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications (ICRERA), November 11-14, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ICRERA.2012.6477272

R. J. Mantz, H. De Battista, “Hydrogen production from idle generation capacity of wind turbines”, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, No. 16, pp. 4291-300, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.05.088

A. Gargoom, A. M. Osman Haruni, M. E. Haque, M. Negnevitsky, “Hybrid stand-alone power systems with hydrogen energy storage for isolated communities”, Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, April 19-22, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TDC.2010.5484293

S. M. Muyeen, R. Takahashi, J. Tamura, “Electrolyzer switching strategy for hydrogen generation from variable speed wind generator”, Electric Power Systems Research, Vol. 81, No. 2, pp. 1171-1179, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsr.2011.01.005

I. Gadoura, T. Suntio, K. Zenger, “Improved Dynamic Performance of Multiloop Operation of Paralleled DC/DC Converters Using Fuzzy-Logic Control”, 2002 Nordic Workshop on Power and Industrial Electronics, Stockholm, Sweden, 2002

E. Pican, E. Omerdic, D. Toal, M. Leahy, “Analysis of parallel connected synchronous generators in a novel offshore wind farm model”, Energy, Vol. 36, No. 11, pp. 6387-6397, 2011 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2011.09.035

A. K. Yadav, V. Mehra, A. Ray, A. Markana, M. Lokhande, “Paralleled DC Boost Converters with Feedback Control using PSO Optimization Technique for Photovoltaic Module Application”, International Journal of Computer Applications, Vol. 84, No. 16, pp. 20-25, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5120/14659-2839

A. Natsheh, “Chaotic behaviour in parallel-connected DC-DC buck-boost converters”, Ninth International Conference on Ecological Vehicles and Renewable Energies (EVER), Monte-Carlo, March, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/EVER.2014.6844126

Y. Geng, G. Hua, W. Huangang, G. Pengyi, “A novel control strategy of induction motors for optimization of both efficiency and torque response”, 30th Annual Conference of IEEE Ind. Elect. Society, November 2-6, 2004

H. Q. Minh, N. Frederic, N. Essounbouli, H. Abdelaziz, “A new MPPT method for stand-alone wind energy conversion system”, 2012 2nd International Symposium on Environment Friendly Energies and Applications (EFEA), June 25-27, 2012

K. L. Lo, L. Khan, “Fuzzy logic based SVC for power system transient stability enhancement”, International Conference on Electric Utility Deregulation and Restructuring and Power Technologies, DRPT 2000, April 4-7, 2000

S. Muyeen, J. Tamura, T. Murata, Stability augmentation of a grid-connected wind farm, Berlin: Springer, 2009

Metrics

Abstract Views: 366
PDF Downloads: 161

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share