A Single Phase Grid Connected PV System working in Different Modes
The current grid standards for the single-phase residential PV system expect it to operate at Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) mode under normal operating conditions and to maintain the voltage profile whenever a grid fault occurs. The proposed system supplies power to the load under stable conditions and the PV system works in MPPT mode. When the fault occurs at the Point of Common Coupling (PCC) and the voltage is reduced, the proposed controller maintains the voltage profile by injecting the current fed by the current controller at the PCC. The controller shifts from MPPT to the faulty mode and maintains voltage as per grid requirements. During islanding conditions, the PV system successfully caters to the requirements of the load by shifting the control from MPPT to islanding mode. When the PV system is in operation the power quality is enhanced
D. Barater, E. Lorenzani, C. Concari, G. Franceschini, and G. Buticchi, "Recent advances in single-phase transformerless photovoltaic inverters," IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 260-273, 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-rpg.2015.0101
R. Teodorescu, M. Liserre, and P. Rodriguez, Grid Converters for Photovoltaic and Wind Power Systems. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-IEEE Press, 2007.
H. Mahamudul, M. Saad, and M. Ibrahim Henk, "Photovoltaic System Modeling with Fuzzy Logic Based Maximum Power Point Tracking Algorithm," International Journal of Photoenergy, vol. 2013, Sep. 2013, Art. No. 762946. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/762946
A. Sangwongwanich and F. Blaabjerg, "Mitigation of Interharmonics in PV Systems With Maximum Power Point Tracking Modification," IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 8279-8282, Sep. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TPEL.2019.2902880
P. S. Gotekar, S. P. Muley, and D. P. Kothari, "Fuzzy Inference based control of single phase grid connected photovoltaic system," in 2019 Innovations in Power and Advanced Computing Technologies (i-PACT), llore, India, Mar. 2019, vol. 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/i-PACT44901.2019.8960041
N. Vosoughi, S. H. Hosseini, and M. Sabahi, "Single-phase common-grounded transformer-less grid-tied inverter for PV application," IET Power Electronics, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 157-167, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2019.0364
S. S. Ghosh, K. S. Nathan, Y. P. Siwakoti, and T. Long, "Dual polarity DC-DC converter integrated grid-tied single-phase transformer less inverter for solar application," The Journal of Engineering, vol. 2019, no. 17, pp. 3962-3966, 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/joe.2018.8041
A. Datta, R. Sarker, and I. Hazarika, "An Efficient Technique Using Modified p-q Theory for Controlling Power Flow in a Single-Stage Single-Phase Grid-Connected PV System," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 4635-4645, Aug. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TII.2018.2890197
A. Anurag, Y. Yang, and F. Blaabjerg, "Thermal Performance and Reliability Analysis of Single-Phase PV Inverters With Reactive Power Injection Outside Feed-In Operating Hours," IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 870-880, Dec. 2015. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/JESTPE.2015.2428432
Y. Yang, H. Wang, and F. Blaabjerg, "Reactive Power Injection Strategies for Single-Phase Photovoltaic Systems Considering Grid Requirements," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 50, no. 6, pp. 4065-4076, Nov. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2014.2346692
Y. Yang, F. Blaabjerg, and Z. Zou, "Benchmarking of Grid Fault Modes in Single-Phase Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems," IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 49, no. 5, pp. 2167-2176, Sep. 2013. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIA.2013.2260512
N. Ikken, A. Bouknadel, A. Haddou, N.-E. Tariba, H. El omari, and H. El omari, "PLL Synchronization Method Based on Second-Order Generalized Integrator for Single Phase Grid Connected Inverters Systems during Grid Abnormalities," in 2019 International Conference on Wireless Technologies, Embedded and Intelligent Systems (WITS), Fez, Morocco, Apr. 2019, pp. 1-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/WITS.2019.8723856
H. Z. Butt, M. Awon, and H. A. Khalid, "Performance Analysis of a Continuous and Discretized Second Order Generalized Integrator based Phase Lock Loop for Single Phase Grid Connected PV Systems," in 2018 International Conference on Power Generation Systems and Renewable Energy Technologies (PGSRET), Sep. 2018, pp. 1-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/PGSRET.2018.8686038
A. K. Panda and N. Patnaik, "Combined Operation of a New Power Angle Control Unit Vector Template Based Unified Power Quality Conditioner and Fuel Cell Stack Supply with Effective Utilization of Shunt and Series Inverter," Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 44, no. 18, pp. 2048-2058, Nov. 2016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15325008.2016.1210264
A. Nouaiti, A. Mesbahi, A. Saad, M. Khafallah, and M. Reddak, "Realization of a Single-Phase Multilevel Inverter for Grid-Connected Photovoltaic System," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 3344-3349, Oct. 2018. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.2247
S. Krithiga and N. G. Ammasai Gounden, "Power electronic configuration for the operation of PV system in combined grid-connected and stand-alone modes," IET Power Electronics, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 640-647, Mar. 2014. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-pel.2013.0107
P. Sarathi Subudhi and S. Krithiga, "PV and Grid interfaced Plug-in EV Battery Charger operating in P-VG, P-V and V-G Modes," International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 3431-3443, Jul. 2019. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.B2680.078219
V. R. Reddy and S. E. S., "A Feedback-Based Passive Islanding Detection Technique for One-Cycle-Controlled Single-Phase Inverter Used in Photovoltaic Systems," IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, vol. 67, no. 8, pp. 6541-6549, Aug. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/TIE.2019.2938464
S. A. Raza and J. Jiang, "A Benchmark Distribution System for Investigation of Residential Microgrids With Multiple Local Generation and Storage Devices," IEEE Open Access Journal of Power and Energy, vol. 7, pp. 41-50, 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/OAJPE.2019.2952812
L. H. Lam, T. D. H. Phuc, and N. H. Hieu, "Simulation Models For Three-Phase Grid Connected PV Inverters Enabling Current Limitation Under Unbalanced Faults," Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 5396-5401, Apr. 2020. DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3343
M. Jamil, M. Rizwan, and D. P. Kothari, Grid Integration of Solar Photovoltaic Systems, 1st Edition. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315156347-1
D. P. Kothari, K. C. Singal, and R. Ranjan, Renewable Energy Sources and Emerging Technologies, 2nd ed. New Delhi, India: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., 2011.
MetricsAbstract Views: 422
PDF Downloads: 169
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.