Assessment of Uplink Massive MIMO in Scattering Environment

  • A. A. Alzamil Electrical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, University of Hail, Saudi Arabia
Volume: 10 | Issue: 5 | Pages: 6290-6293 | October 2020 |


This paper investigates the performance of massive MIMO systems under the effect of multipath propagation environment. Linear Minimum Mean Squared Error (MMSE) is considered to assess the performance of BPBK/OFDM based uplink massive MIMO transmission. Bit Error Rate (BER) and channel capacity in Non Line Of Site (NLOS) multipath fading environment are presented. The results show a correlation between the number of antennas and the performance of the system.

Keywords: massive MIMO, BER, BPSK, OFDM, MMSE, multipath


Download data is not yet available.


A. Elsanousi and S. Oztürk, “Performance Analysis of OFDM and OFDM-MIMO Systems under Fading Channels,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 3249–3254, Aug. 2018.

F. Risek et al., “Scaling Up MIMO: Opportunities and Challenges with Very Large Arrays - IEEE Journals & Magazine,” IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 40–60, Jan. 2013.

M. Cooper, “The Myth of Spectrum Scarcity,” Mar. 2010. (accessed Sep. 14, 2020).

A. J. Paulraj, D. A. Gore, R. U. Nabar, and H. Bolcskei, “An overview of MIMO communications - a key to gigabit wireless,” Proceedings of the IEEE, vol. 92, no. 2, pp. 198–218, Feb. 2004.

B. Pranitha and L. Anjaneyulu, “Performance Evaluation of a MIMO based Underwater Communication System under Fading Conditions,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 4886–4892, Dec. 2019.

G. J. Foschini, “Layered space-time architecture for wireless communication in a fading environment when using multi-element antennas,” Bell Labs Technical Journal, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 41–59, 1996.

J. Mietzner, R. Schober, L. Lampe, W. H. Gerstacker, and P. A. Hoeher, “Multiple-antenna techniques for wireless communications - a comprehensive literature survey,” IEEE Communications Surveys Tutorials, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 87–105, 2009.

D. Gesbert, M. Kountouris, R. W. Heath, C. Chae, and T. Salzer, “Shifting the MIMO Paradigm,” IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 36–46, Sep. 2007.

J. Hoydis, S. ten Brink, and M. Debbah, “Massive MIMO in the UL/DL of Cellular Networks: How Many Antennas Do We Need?,” IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 160–171, Feb. 2013.

T. L. Marzetta, “Massive MIMO: An Introduction,” Bell Labs Technical Journal, vol. 20, pp. 11–22, 2015.

S. Kavanagh, “What is 5G New Radio (5G NR),” (accessed Sep. 14, 2020).

H. Q. Ngo, E. G. Larsson, and T. L. Marzetta, “Energy and Spectral Efficiency of Very Large Multiuser MIMO Systems,” IEEE Transactions on Communications, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 1436–1449, Apr. 2013.

E. Björnson, J. Hoydis, M. Kountouris, and M. Debbah, “Massive MIMO Systems With Non-Ideal Hardware: Energy Efficiency, Estimation, and Capacity Limits,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 60, no. 11, pp. 7112–7139, Nov. 2014.

M. Agiwal, A. Roy, and N. Saxena, “Next Generation 5G Wireless Networks: A Comprehensive Survey,” IEEE Communications Surveys Tutorials, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 1617–1655, 2016.

E. G. Larsson, O. Edfors, F. Tufvesson, and T. L. Marzetta, “Massive MIMO for next generation wireless systems,” IEEE Communications Magazine, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 186–195, Feb. 2014.

L. Lu, G. Y. Li, A. L. Swindlehurst, A. Ashikhmin, and R. Zhang, “An Overview of Massive MIMO: Benefits and Challenges,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 742–758, Oct. 2014.

R. C. de Lamare, “Massive MIMO systems: Signal processing challenges and future trends,” URSI Radio Science Bulletin, vol. 2013, no. 347, pp. 8–20, Dec. 2013.

T. L. Marzetta, “Noncooperative Cellular Wireless with Unlimited Numbers of Base Station Antennas,” IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 9, no. 11, pp. 3590–3600, Nov. 2010.

L. Fang, L. Xu, and D. D. Huang, “Low Complexity Iterative MMSE-PIC Detection for Medium-Size Massive MIMO,” IEEE Wireless Communications Letters, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 108–111, Feb. 2016.


Abstract Views: 86
PDF Downloads: 51

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share