Gradient Descent Optimization Control of an Activated Sludge Process based on Radial Basis Function Neural Network

  • A. Lemita Department of Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, Ferhat Abbas University Setif I, Algeria
  • S. Boulahbel Department of Electronics, Faculty of Engineering, Ferhat Abbas University Setif I, Algeria
  • S. Kahla Research Center in Industrial Technologies (CRTI), Algeria
Keywords: Euler method, activated sludge process, gradient method, nonlinear system, RBF neural network, wastewater treatment

Abstract

Most systems in science and engineering can be described in the form of ordinary differential equations, but only a limited number of these equations can be solved analytically. For that reason, numerical methods have been used to get the approximate solutions of differential equations. Among these methods, the most famous is the Euler method. In this paper, a new proposed control strategy utilizing the Euler and the gradient method based on Radial Basis Function Neural Network (RBFNN) model have been used to control the activated sludge process of wastewater treatment. The aim was to maintain the Dissolved Oxygen (DO) level in the aerated tank and have the substrate concentration Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD5) within the standard limits. The simulation results of DO show the robustness of the proposed control method compared to the classical method. The proposed method can be applied in wastewater treatment systems.

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