Elaboration of a Wind Energy Potential Map in Morocco using GIS and Analytic Hierarchy Process
The construction of a wind power generation center starts by the selection of a suitable wind farm location. The selection includes six factors, namely wind speed, slope, land use, distance from the power lines, distance from the roads, and distance from populated areas which have been integrated into QGIS by weights calculated using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) approach. As a result of this study, the areas having very high wind potentiality have been identified and a best wind farm location map has been prepared. The map, using the overlay function in GIS, exhibits the most and least suitable areas for the location of wind farms in Morocco. The approach could help identify suitable wind farm locations in other areas using their geographic information.
M. H. Baloch, G. S. Kaloi, and Z. A. Memon, “Current scenario of the wind energy in Pakistan challenges and future perspectives: A case study,” Energy Reports, vol. 2, pp. 201–210, Nov. 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2016.08.002.
M. Hussain Baloch, D. Ishak, S. Tahir Chaudary, B. Ali, A. Asghar Memon, and T. Ahmed Jumani, “Wind Power Integration: An Experimental Investigation for Powering Local Communities,” Energies, vol. 12, no. 4, Jan. 2019, Art no. 621, doi: 10.3390/en12040621.
M. Z. Malik, A. Ali, G. S. Kaloi, A. M. Soomro, M. H. Baloch, and S. T. Chauhdary, “Integration of Renewable Energy Project: A Technical Proposal for Rural Electrification to Local Communities,” IEEE Access, vol. 8, pp. 91448–91467, 2020, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2020.2993903.
A. Miller and R. Li, “A Geospatial Approach for Prioritizing Wind Farm Development in Northeast Nebraska, USA,” ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 968–979, Sep. 2014, doi: 10.3390/ijgi3030968.
A. Kumar et al., “A review of multi criteria decision making (MCDM) towards sustainable renewable energy development,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 69, pp. 596–609, Mar. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.191.
E. Triantaphyllou, “Introduction to Multi-Criteria Decision Making,” in Multi-criteria Decision Making Methods: A Comparative Study, E. Triantaphyllou, Ed. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2000, pp. 1–4.
E. Triantaphyllou, Multi-criteria Decision Making Methods: A Comparative Study. . Boston, MA: Springer US, 2000.
R. W. Saaty, “The analytic hierarchy process—what it is and how it is used,” Mathematical Modelling, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 161–176, Jan. 1987, doi: 10.1016/0270-0255(87)90473-8.
Y. Ali, M. Butt, M. sabir, U. Mumtaz, and A. Salman, “Selection of suitable site in Pakistan for wind power plant installation using analytic hierarchy process (AHP),” Journal of Control and Decision, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 117–128, Apr. 2018, doi: 10.1080/23307706.2017.1346490.
W. Ho, “Integrated analytic hierarchy process and its applications – A literature review,” European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 186, no. 1, pp. 211–228, Apr. 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.ejor.2007.01.004.
“Wind energy,” IRENA. https://www.irena.org/wind. (accessed Jul. 12, 2020).
“Earthdata.” https://earthdata.nasa.gov (accessed Jul. 12, 2020).
“OpenStreetMap,” OpenStreetMap. https://www.openstreetmap.org/ (accessed Jul. 12, 2020).
“EarthExplorer - Home,” EarthExplorer. https://earthexplorer.usgs.gov/ (accessed Jul. 12, 2020).
Y.-C. Hu and Y.-L. Liao, “Utilizing Analytic Hierarchy Process to Analyze Consumers- Purchase Evaluation Factors of Smartphones,” International Journal of Economics and Management Engineering, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 1556–1561, Jun. 2013, doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1072078.
J. Malczewski, GIS and Multicriteria Decision Analysis. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley, 1998.
B. Memon, M. H. Baloch, A. H. Memon, S. H. Qazi, R. Haider, and D. Ishak, “Assessment of Wind Power Potential Based on Raleigh Distribution Model: An Experimental Investigation for Coastal Zone,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 3721–3725, Feb. 2019.
M. H. Baloch et al., “A Research on Electricity Generation from Wind Corridors of Pakistan (Two Provinces): A Technical Proposal for Remote Zones,” Sustainability, vol. 9, no. 9, p. 1611, Sep. 2017, doi: 10.3390/su9091611.
D. Pylarinos and I. Pellas, “Incorporating Open/Free GIS and GPS Software in Power Transmission Line Routine Work: The Case of Crete and Rhodes,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1316–1322, Feb. 2017.
S. J. Carver, “Integrating multi-criteria evaluation with geographical information systems,” International Journal of Geographical Information Systems, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 321–339, Jan. 1991, doi: 10.1080/02693799108927858.
J. Malczewski and C. Rinner, Multicriteria Decision Analysis in Geographic Information Science. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2015.
A. Hajinezhad, S. Rahebi, and S. Abedi, “Biodiesel Production Potential from Native Tehran Oil Crops Using GIS,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 2303–2307, Dec. 2017.
H. I. Mohammed, Z. Majid, Y. B. Yamusa, M. F. M. Ariff, K. M. Idris, and N. Darwin, “Sanitary Landfill Siting Using GIS and AHP: A Case Study in Johor Bahru, Malaysia,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 4100–4104, Jun. 2019.
S. Das, “Geographic information system and AHP-based flood hazard zonation of Vaitarna basin, Maharashtra, India,” Arabian Journal of Geosciences, vol. 11, no. 19, p. 576, Sep. 2018, doi: 10.1007/s12517-018-3933-4.
F. Elmahmoudi, O. E. Abra, A. Raihani, O. Serrar, and L. Bahatti, “GIS Based Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process for wind Energy Sites Selection,” in 2019 International Conference on Advanced Communication Technologies and Networking (CommNet), Apr. 2019, pp. 1–8, doi: 10.1109/COMMNET.2019.8742365.
T. L. Saaty, Decision Making for Leaders: The Analytic Hierarchy Process for Decisions in a Complex World, New Edition 2001, 3rd Revised edition. Pittsburgh, PA: RWS Publications, 2012.
MetricsAbstract Views: 55
PDF Downloads: 40
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.