ANN Based DC Link Control of STATCOM in Wind Integrated Distribution System for Power Quality Conditioning

  • S. K. Rani Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Viswa Mahavidyalaya University, India
  • S. Prabakaran Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Sri Chandrasekharendra Saraswathi Viswa Mahavidyalaya University, India
Keywords: double fed induction generator, distribution static synchronous compensator, artificial neural network, windfarm generation, power quality


The integration of Renewable Energy Sources (RES) brings along abnormalities that affect the grid, loads, and may degrade the performance of the system. These issues can be alleviated with the integration of RES with the use of a distribution Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM). Renewable generation with STATCOM provides quality of power during disturbances created by the AC loads and intermittent power from the RES. The STATCOM distribution of DC link plays a major role in the supply quality during abnormalities. In this work, an attempt has been made to provide supply quality in the distribution system with the integration of a renewable energy farm using Artificial Neural Network (ANN)-based DC link STATCOM control of distribution. The wind farm is analyzed for a Double Fed Induction Generator (DFIG) based wind turbine system and it is integrated into the distribution system. The system was simulated in MATLAB 2018A.


Download data is not yet available.


G. M. Shafiullah, M. T. Arif, and A. M. T. Oo, “Mitigation strategies to minimize potential technical challenges of renewable energy integration,” Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 25, pp. 24–42, Feb. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.seta.2017.10.008.

I. J. Raglend and R. Dharavath, “Intelligent Controller based Solar Photovoltaic with Battery Storage, Fuel Cell Integration for Power Conditioning,” International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 859–867, Jun. 2019.

R. Dharavath and I. J. Raglend, “Fuzzy Controller Based Solar Photovoltaic System, Fuel Cell Integration for Conditioning the Electrical Power,” Journal of Green Engineering, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 301–318, Jul. 2018, doi: 10.13052/jge1904-4720.835.

W. Qiao and R. G. Harley, “Improved Control of DFIG Wind Turbines for Operation with Unbalanced Network Voltages,” in 2008 IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, Oct. 2008, pp. 1–7, doi: 10.1109/08IAS.2008.153.

T. Brekken, N. Mohan, and T. Undeland, “Control of a doubly-fed induction wind generator under unbalanced grid voltage conditions,” in 2005 European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications, Sep. 2005, doi: 10.1109/EPE.2005.219315.

P. D. Chung, “Evaluation of Reactive Power Support Capability of Wind Turbines,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 5211–5216, Feb. 2020.

E. Jamil, S. Hameed, B. Jamil, and Qurratulain, “Power quality improvement of distribution system with photovoltaic and permanent magnet synchronous generator based renewable energy farm using static synchronous compensator,” Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 35, pp. 98–116, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.1016/j.seta.2019.06.006.

J. Morren and S. W. H. de Haan, “Ridethrough of wind turbines with doubly-fed induction generator during a voltage dip,” IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 435–441, Jun. 2005, doi: 10.1109/TEC.2005.845526.

Z. Miao and L. Fan, “The art of modeling and simulation of induction generator in wind generation applications using high-order model,” Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, vol. 16, no. 9, pp. 1239–1253, Oct. 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.simpat.2008.06.007.

R. Pena, R. Cardenas, E. Escobar, J. Clare, and P. Wheeler, “Control strategy for a Doubly-Fed Induction Generator feeding an unbalanced grid or stand-alone load,” Electric Power Systems Research, vol. 79, no. 2, pp. 355–364, Feb. 2009, doi: 10.1016/j.epsr.2008.07.005.

H. Bassi and Y. A. Mobarak, “State-Space Modeling and Performance Analysis of Variable-Speed Wind Turbine Based on a Model Predictive Control Approach,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 1436–1443, Apr. 2017.

A. D. Hansen and G. Michalke, “Fault ride-through capability of DFIG wind turbines,” Renewable Energy, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 1594–1610, Jul. 2007, doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2006.10.008.

J. B. Ekanayake, L. Holdsworth, XueGuang Wu, and N. Jenkins, “Dynamic modeling of doubly fed induction generator wind turbines,” IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 803–809, May 2003, doi: 10.1109/TPWRS.2003.811178.

S. Li and T. A. Haskew, “Analysis of Decoupled d-q Vector Control in DFIG Back-to-Back PWM Converter,” in 2007 IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting, Jun. 2007, pp. 1–7, doi: 10.1109/PES.2007.385461.

R. Dharavath, I. J. Raglend, J. B. Edward, and S. A. Shaaban, “Grid Connected Solar Photovoltaic-Fuel Cell Based Hybrid System with Dynamic Voltage Restorer,” Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, vol. 9, no. issue 8, pp. 09–17, Oct. 2017.

R. W. Mosobi, T. Chichi, and S. Gao, “Power quality analysis of hybrid renewable energy system,” Cogent Engineering, vol. 2, no. 1, Dec. 2015, doi: 10.1080/23311916.2015.1005000, Art no. 1005000.

D. N. Truong and V. T. Bui, “Hybrid PSO-Optimized ANFIS-Based Model to Improve Dynamic Voltage Stability,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 4384–4388, Aug. 2019.

R. Dharavath and I. J. Raglend, “Integration of Utility Grid with Hybrid Generation for Power Quality Conditioning Using Dynamic Voltage Restorer,” International Journal of Renewable Energy Research (IJRER), vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 56–64, Mar. 2019.

G. Shahgholian, E. Mardani, and A. Fattollahi, “Impact of PSS and STATCOM Devices to the Dynamic Performance of a Multi-Machine Power System,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 7, no. 6, pp. 2113–2117, Dec. 2017.

L. Dusonchet, F. Massaro, and E. Telaretti, “Transient stability simulation of a fixed speed wind turbine by Matlab/Simulink,” in 2007 International Conference on Clean Electrical Power, May 2007, pp. 651–655, doi: 10.1109/ICCEP.2007.384308.

P. D. Chung, “Voltage Enhancement on DFIG Based Wind Farm Terminal During Grid Faults,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4783–4788, Oct. 2019.

N. K. Saxena and A. Kumar, “Dynamic Reactive Power Compensation and Cost Analysis for Isolated Hybrid Power System,” Electric Power Components and Systems, vol. 45, no. 18, pp. 2034–2049, Nov. 2017, doi: 10.1080/15325008.2017.1332116.

K. Basaran, N. S. Cetin, and S. Borekci, “Energy management for on-grid and off-grid wind/PV and battery hybrid systems,” IET Renewable Power Generation, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 642–649, Winter 2017, doi: 10.1049/iet-rpg.2016.0545.

S. L. S. Louarem, D. E. C. Belkhiat, T. Bouktir, and S. Belkhiat, “An Efficient Active and Reactive Power Control of DFIG for a Wind Power Generator,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 4775–4782, Oct. 2019.

Y. Tang, H. He, Z. Ni, J. Wen, and T. Huang, “Adaptive Modulation for DFIG and STATCOM With High-Voltage Direct Current Transmission,” IEEE Transactions on Neural Networks and Learning Systems, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1762–1772, Aug. 2016, doi: 10.1109/TNNLS.2015.2504035.

N. E. Akpeke, C. M. Muriithi, and C. Mwaniki, “Contribution of FACTS Devices to the Transient Stability Improvement of a Power System Integrated with a PMSG-based Wind Turbine,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 4893–4900, Dec. 2019.

G.Sreenivasan and K.Sudarsan, “Power Quality Enhancement in Grid Connected Hybrid PV/WT System using Tree Seed Algorithm with RNN,” Helix, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 211–218, Apr. 2020.

S. S. Rangarajan, J. Sharma, and C. Sundarabalan, “Novel Exertion of Intelligent Static Compensator Based Smart Inverters for Ancillary Services in a Distribution Utility Network-Review,” Electronics, vol. 9, no. 4, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.3390/electronics9040662, Art no. 662.

V. H. Nguyen, H. Nguyen, M. T. Cao, and K. H. Le, “Performance Comparison between PSO and GA in Improving Dynamic Voltage Stability in ANFIS Controllers for STATCOM,” Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, vol. 9, no. 6, pp. 4863–4869, Dec. 2019.

Y. Jeon et al., “An Enhanced Static Compensator With DC-Link Voltage Shaping Method,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 2488–2500, Mar. 2020, doi: 10.1109/TPEL.2019.2928367.

M. Mangaraj and A. K. Panda, “Modelling and simulation of KHLMS algorithm-based DSTATCOM,” IET Power Electronics, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 2304–2311, Aug. 2019, doi: 10.1049/iet-pel.2018.5625.

C. Kumar and M. K. Mishra, “A Voltage-Controlled DSTATCOM for Power-Quality Improvement,” IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 1499–1507, Jun. 2014, doi: 10.1109/TPWRD.2014.2310234.


Abstract Views: 63
PDF Downloads: 68

Metrics Information
Bookmark and Share