Mechanical Properties of Powder Metallugry (Ti-6Al-4V) with Hot Isostatic Pressing
Titanium alloys are widely used due to their high performance and low density in comparison with iron-based alloys. Their applications extend to aerospace and military in order to utilize their high resistance for corrosion. Understanding the mechanical properties and microstructure of titanium alloys is critical for performance optimization, as well as their implications on strength, plasticity, and fatigue. Ti-6Al-4V is an α+β two-phase alloy and is considered one of the most commonly used titanium alloys for weight reduction and high-performance. To avoid manufacturing defects, such as porosity and composition segregation, Hot Isostatic Pressing (HIP) is used to consolidate alloy powder. The HIP method is also used to facilitate the manufacturing of complex structures that cannot be made with forging and casting. In the current research, Ti-6Al-4V alloys were manufactured with HIP and the impact on heat treatment under different temperatures and sintering durations on the performance and microstructure of the alloy was studied. The results show changes in mechanical properties and microstructure with the increase of temperature and duration.
D. Aroussi, B. Aour, A. S. Bouaziz, “A comparative study of 316L stainless steel and a titanium alloy in an aggressive biological medium”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 9, No. 6, pp. 5093-5098, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.3208
R. A. Antunes, C. A. F. Salvador, M. C. L. D. Oliveira, “Materials selection of optimized titanium alloys for aircraft applications”, Materials Research, Vol. 21, No. 2, Article ID 20170979, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-5373-mr-2017-0979
G. Lutjering, “Property optimization through microstructural control in titanium and aluminum alloys”, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 263, No. 2, pp. 117-126, 1999 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-5093(98)01169-1
G. Lutjering, “Influence of processing on microstructure and mechanical properties of (α+β) titanium alloys”, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 243, No. 1-2, pp. 32-45, 1998 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-5093(97)00778-8
C. N. Elias, J. H. C. Lima, R. Valiev, M. A. Meyers, “Biomedical applications of titanium and its alloys”, The Journal of the Minerals, Metals & Materials Society, Vol. 60, pp. 46-49, 2008 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-008-0031-1
S. A. Niknam, R. Khettabi, V. Songmene, “Machinability and machining of titanium alloys: A review”, in: Machining of Titanium Alloys, Springer, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-43902-9_7
G. Singh, I. Sen, K. Gopinath, U. Ramamurty, “Influence of minor addition of boron on tensile and fatigue properties of wrought Ti–6Al–4V alloy”, Materials Science and Engineering: A, Vol. 540, pp. 142-151, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2012.01.119
R. P. Guo, L. Xu, J. F. Lei, R. Yang, “Effects of porosity and Re-HIP on properties of Ti-6Al-4V alloy from atomized powder”, Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 552, pp. 274-277, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.552.274
H. V. Atkinson, S. Davies, “Fundamental aspects of hot isostatic pressing: An overview”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 31, No. 12, pp. 2981-3000, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-000-0078-2
D. P. DeLo, H. R. Piehler, “Early stage consolidation mechanisms during hot isostatic pressing of Ti–6Al–4V powder compacts”, Acta Materialia, Vol. 47, No. 9, pp. 2841-2852, 1999 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S1359-6454(99)00132-9
K. Zhang, J. Mei, N. Wain, X. Wu, “Effect of hot-isostatic-pressing parameters on the microstructure and properties of powder Ti-6Al-4V hot-isostatically-pressed samples”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 1033-1045, 2010 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-009-0149-y
L. Xu, R. Guo, C. Bai, J. Lei, R. Yang, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing conditions and cooling rate on microstructure and properties of Ti–6Al–4V alloy from atomized powder”, Journal of Materials Science & Technology, Vol. 30, No. 12, pp. 1289-1295, 2014 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmst.2014.04.011
C. Cai, B. Song, C. Qiu, L. Li, P. Xue, Q. Wei, J. Zhou, H. Nan, H. Chen, Y. Shi, “Hot isostatic pressing of in-situ TiB/Ti-6Al-4V composites with novel reinforcement architecture, enhanced hardness and elevated tribological properties”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 710, pp. 364-374, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.03.160
O. M. Ivasishin, V. M. Anokhin, A. N. Demidik, D. G. Savvakin, “Cost-effective blended elemental powder metallurgy of titanium alloys for transportation application”, Key Engineering Materials, Vol. 188, pp. 55-62, 2000 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.188.55
M. Ahmed, A. A. Gazder, D. G. Savvakin, O. M. Ivasishin, E. V. Pereloma, “Microstructure evolution and alloying elements distribution between the phases in powder near-β titanium alloys during thermo-mechanical processing”, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 47, pp. 7013-7025, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-012-6652-3
M. Ustundag, R. Varol, “Comparison of impact properties of recycled and commercially available PM titanium alloys”, Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 232-237, 2019
Y. C. Wang, T. G. Langdon, “Effect of heat treatment on microstructure and microhardness evolution in a Ti–6Al–4V alloy processed by high-pressure torsion”, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 48, No. 13, pp. 4646-4652, 2013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-012-7071-1
A. O. Abdalla, A. Amrin, S. Muhammad, M. A. A. Hanim, “Effect of heat treatment parameters on the microstructure and microhardness of Ti-6Al-4V alloy”, AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1865, No. 1, Article ID 030001, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4993335
S. M. Ahmadi, R. K. A. K. Jain, A. A. Zadpoor, C. Ayas, V. A. Popovich, “Effects of heat treatment on microstructure and mechanical behaviour ofadditive manufactured porous Ti6Al4V”, IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. 293, Article ID 012009, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/293/1/012009
R. Zhang, L. Li, Y. Sultanbawa, Z. P. Xu, “X-ray fluorescence imaging of metals and metalloids in biological systems”, American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 169-188, 2018
T. K. Hamad, H. T. Salloom, “Determination of species concentrations of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloys using calibration free laser induced breakdown spectroscopy”, European Journal of Engineering Research and Science, Vol. 3, No. 8, pp. 50-55, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.24018/ejers.2018.3.8.869
K. A. Lee, Y. K. Kim, J. H. Yu, S. H. Park, M. C. Kim, “Effect of heat treatment on microstructure and impact toughness of Ti-6Al-4V manufactured by selective laser melting process”, Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, Vol. 62, No. 2B, pp. 1341-1346, 2017 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/amm-2017-0205
B. Vrancken, L. Thijs, J. P. Kruth, J. V. Humbeeck, “Heat treatment of Ti6Al4V produced by selective laser melting: Microstructure and mechanical properties”, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Vol. 541, pp. 177-185, 2012 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2012.07.022
R. Reda, A. H. Hussein, A. Nofak, E. S. M. E. Banna, “Optimizing the mechanical properties of Ti-6Al-4V castings”, International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering Research and Development, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 83-104, 2015
P. Aliprandi, F. Giudice, E. Guglielmino, A. Sili, “Tensile and creep properties improvement of Ti-6Al-4V alloy specimens produced by electron beam powder bed fusion additive manufacturing”, Metals, Vol. 9, No. 11, Article ID 1207, 2019 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/met9111207
A. W. E. Morsy, “Wear analysis of a Ti-5Al-3V-2.5Fe alloy using a factorial design approach and fractal geometry”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 2379-2384, 2018 DOI: https://doi.org/10.48084/etasr.1743
MetricsAbstract Views: 284
PDF Downloads: 167
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.