Pneumonia and Eye Disease Detection using Convolutional Neural Networks

  • P. Chakraborty Electronics & Communication Engineering, BSA Crescent Institute of Science & Technology, India
  • C. Tharini Electronics & Communication Engineering, BSA Crescent Institute of Science & Technology, India
Keywords: convolutional neural network, artificial intelligence, X-rays, pneumonia

Abstract

Automatic disease detection systems based on Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are proposed in this paper for helping the medical professionals in the detection of diseases from scan and X-ray images. CNN based classification helps decision making in a prompt manner with high precision. CNNs are a subset of deep learning which is a branch of Artificial Intelligence. The main advantage of CNNs compared to other deep learning algorithms is that they require minimal pre-processing. In the proposed disease detection system, two medical image datasets consisting of Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and chest X-ray images of 1-5 year-old children are considered and used as inputs. The medical images are processed and classified using CNN and various performance measuring parameters such as accuracy, loss, and training time are measured. The system is then implemented in hardware, where the testing is done using the trained models. The result shows that the validation accuracy obtained in the case of the eye dataset is around 90% whereas in the case of lung dataset it is around 63%. The proposed system aims to help medical professionals to provide a diagnosis with better accuracy thus helping in reducing infant mortality due to pneumonia and allowing finding the severity of eye disease at an earlier stage.

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