Perlite Application and Performance Comparison to Conventional Additives in Blended Cement
This study compares the performance of perlite with that of conventional additives in blended cements. The results of the application of Perlite Powder (PP) as a component of blended cements in two different proportions (30% and 50%) are presented and compared with standard additives of fly ash (FA) and Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag (GGBFS). Moreover, perlite is tested as a component of ternary cement (70% cement, 15% P and 15% FA and GGBFS alternatively). Blended cements are tested in terms of flexural strength, compressive strength, bulk density, water absorption, and frost resistance. The results show that although perlite blended cements achieve lower strengths and higher absorptivity compared to conventional additives, they have significant potential for freezing and thawing durability, especially in ternary combination with GGBFS. For practical applications, the intrinsic values of the parameters of the individual binders with perlite (e.g. flexural strength of 4.1–6.2MPa or compressive strength of 18.8–38.5MPa) are sufficient for many practical applications. Perlite, when suitably combined with other pozzolanic materials, can be a suitable component of blended binders.
A. Saand, M. A. Keerio, D. K. Bangwar, “Effect of Soorh metakaolin on concrete compressive strength and Durability”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 2210-2214, 2017
M. M. Ranjbar, R. Madandoust, S. Y. Mousavi, S. Yosefi, “Effects of natural zeolite on the fresh and hardened properties of self-compacted concrete”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 47, pp. 806–813, 2013
N. Bheel, A. W. Abro, I. A. Shar, A. A. Dayo, S. Shaikh, Z. H. Shaikh, “Use of rice husk ash as cementitious material in concrete”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 4209-4212, 2019
N. Bheel, R. A. Abbasi, S. Sohu, S. A. Abbasi, A. W. Abro, Z. H. Shaikh, “Effect of tile powder used as a cementitious material on the mechanical properties of concrete”, Engineering, Technology & Applied Science Research, Vol. 9, No. 5, pp. 4596-4599, 2019
M. Juenger, J. L. Provis, J. Elsen, W. Matthes, R. D. Hooton, J. Duchesne, L. Courard, H. He, F. Michel, R. Snellings, N. De Belie, “Supplementary cementitious materials for concrete: Characterization needs”, MRS Online Proceedings Library Archive, Vol. 1488, 2012
M. Rotella, G. Simandl, “Marilla perlite – volcanic glass occurrence, British Columbia, Canada”, 37th Annual Forum on Industrial Minerals Proceedings, Industrial Minerals with Emphasis on Western North America, Victoria, Canada, May 23-25, 2001
F. Bektas, L. Turanli, P. J. M. Monteiro, “Use of perlite powder to suppress alkali-silica reaction”, Cement & Concrete Research, Vol. 35, pp. 2014-2017, 2005
T. K. Erdem, C. Meral, M. Tokyay, T. Y. Erdogan, “Effect of ground perlite incorporation on the performance of blended cements”, in: Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, Taylor and Francis, 2007
F. Guenanou, H. Khelafi, A. Aattache, “Behavior of perlite-based mortars on physicochemical characteristics, mechanical and carbonation: Case of perlite of Hammam Boughrara”, Journal of Building Engineering, Vol. 24, Article ID 100734, 2019
L. Kotwica, W. Pichor, W. Nocun-Wczelik, “Study of pozzolanic action of ground waste expanded perlite by means of thermal methods”, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Vol. 123, No. 1, pp. 607-613, 2016
S. M. M. Karein, A. Joshaghani, A. A. Ramezanianpour, S. Isapour, M. Karakouzian, “Effects of the mechanical milling method on transport properties of self-compacting concrete containing perlite powder as a supplementary cementitious material”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 172, pp. 677-684, 2018
J. Esfandiari, P. Loghmani, “Effect of perlite powder and silica fume on the compressive strength and microstructural characterization of self-compacting concrete with lime-cement binder”, Measurement, Vol. 147, Article ID 106846, 2019
A. A. Ramezanianpour, S. M. M. Karein, A. R. Pilvar, F. Moodi, “Effect of perlite powder on durability properties of concrete under chloride attack”, Fourth International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, Las Vegas, USA, August 7-11, 2016
S. T. Erdogan, A. U Saglik, “Early-age activation of cement pastes and mortars containing ground perlite as a pozzolan”, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 38, pp. 29-39, 2013
EN 197-1: Cement. Part 1: Composition, specifications and conformity criteria for common cements, CEN, 2000
EN 196-1: Methods of testing cement. Part 1: Determination of strength, CEN, 2016
EN 1015-10: Methods of test for mortar for masonry. Part 10: Determination of dry bulk density of hardened mortar, SIS, 2000
STN 72 2448: Testing of moisture content and absorptivity of mortar, 1968
STN 73 1322: Determination of frost resistance of concrete, 2016
H. Toutanji, N. Delatte, S. Aggoun, R. Duval, A. Danson, “Effect of supplementary cementitious materials on the compressive strength and durability of short-term cured concrete”, Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 34, No. 2, pp. 311-319, 2004
K. Ebrahimi, M. J. Daiezadeh, M. Zakertabrizi, F. Zahmatkesh, A. H. Korayem, “A review of the impact of micro-and nanoparticles on freeze-thaw durability of hardened concrete: Mechanism perspective”, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 186, pp. 1105-1113, 2018
A. El Mir, S. G. Nehme, J. J. Assaad, “Durability of self-consolidating concrete containing natural waste perlite powders”, Heliyon, Vol. 6, No. 1, Article ID e03165, 2020
MetricsAbstract Views: 66
PDF Downloads: 51
Copyright (c) 2020 Authors
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain the copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after its publication in ETASR with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.