Optimized Controller Design for an Islanded Microgrid using Non-dominated Sorting Sine Cosine Algorithm (NSSCA)
In order to cope with the increasing energy demand, microgrids emerged as a potential solution which allows the designer a lot of flexibility. The optimization of the controller parameters of a microgrid ensures a stable and environment friendly operation. Non-dominated Sorting Sine Cosine Algorithm (NSSCA) is a hybrid of Sine Cosine Algorithm and Non-dominated Sorting technique. This algorithm is applied to optimize the control parameters of a microgrid which incorporates both static and dynamic load. The obtained results are compared with the results of the established Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm-II (NSGA-II) in order to justify the proposal of the NSSCA. The average time needed to converge in NSSCA is 7.617s whereas NSGA-II requires an average of 10.660s. Moreover, the required number of iterations for NSSCA is 2 which is significantly less in comparison to the 12 iterations in NSGA-II.
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