Reconfigurable Hardware Design for Automatic Epilepsy Seizure Detection using EEG Signals

  • S. S. Rafiammal Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, India
  • D. N. Jamal Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, India
  • S. K. Mohideen Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, B.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and Technology, India


Reconfigurable circuit designs for automatic seizure detection devices are essential to prevent epilepsy affected people from severe injuries and other health-related problems. In this proposed design, an automatic seizure detection algorithm based on the Linear binary Support Vector Machine learning algorithm (LSVM) is developed and implemented in a Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA). The experimental results showed that the mean detection accuracy is 86% and sensitivity is 97%. The resource utilization of the implemented design is less when compared to existing hardware implementations. The power consumption of the proposed design is 76mW at 100MHz. The experimental results assure that a physician can make use of this proposed design in detecting seizure events.

Keywords: seizure detection, FPGA, high level synthesis, Mahalanobis distance, automatic detection


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